How much of Hardwick’s letters actually appears in The Dolphin? Most poets, when second thoughts occur after publication, scribble them in a copy of the book, waiting for a selected or collected poems. She died three decades later, never learning that he’d handed the packet to Harvard with a note restricting access until her death. (Day by Day [1977] became the title of the poet’s final and weakest book.) Learn how your support contributes to our continued defense of truth. . The Dolphin Letters, 1970-1979: Elizabeth Hardwick, Robert Lowell, and Their Circle Elizabeth Hardwick. Afterward she took his belongings back to her apartment. Click here for the lowest price! Just as a social gesture. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for The Dolphin: Two Versions, 1972-1973 by Robert Lowell. So they present a rather distorted picture of her. His frequent bouts of mania were often signaled by an affair—there was a long list of other women, some of them his students. And that new woman—, In the published version (now titled “Voices”), this becomes. The Dolphin Letters offers an unprecedented portrait of Robert Lowell and Elizabeth Hardwick during the last seven years of Lowell's life (1970 to 1977), a time of personal crisis and creative innovation for both writers. And then it is all indeed on the eve of the publication of The Dolphin. Read "The Dolphin Two Versions, 1972-1973" by Robert Lowell available from Rakuten Kobo. He weighs a ton, and has your familiar human aspect munching.”. Lamb said of these draft pages that he wished the librarians “had thrown them in the Cam.”. 4.2 out of 5 stars 67. The letters, richly discomfiting during the four years it took to unravel the long marriage, thin out badly after the quarrels over the divorce. Despite everything, Hardwick and Lowell stayed in touch, and in 1976 they began to reconcile. She sorted the massive accumulation but also slyly wrote to Harvard. Click here for the lowest price! The younger poet was later guilty of bad behavior. the flagrant Frank Bidart, atremble, but ever obsequious. One of the things that’s most interesting about the experience of reading their letters is not the suffering that he went through, with his illness, or the suffering that she went through because of his illness and because of his decision to leave. They’re partly an instruction booklet to the misery two literate, intelligent adults can bring each other; and the letters have cruelly and crucially now been paired with two versions of Lowell’s The Dolphin (1973), where his mania for revision is nakedly on display. Lowell could fairly be represented by no fewer than a dozen or two poems. How does the experience of spending so much time inside these letters help you understand hers and Lowell's public writing? The omissions, which are unaccountable, make Blackwood an outsider, beyond the circuit of The Dolphin Letters, which gives only a partial view of the emotional extortions present and fails to document the juddering desperation of Lowell’s last months. Some lines might, of course, have been drawn from conversations or letters now missing—or just cut from whole cloth. And Hardwick knows this. He weighs a ton and alas has the human aspect in certain munching profiles. Edwards and the Spider,” “Falling Asleep over the Aeneid,” “Skunk Hour,” “Jonathan Edwards in Western Massachusetts,” “For the Union Dead,” and many another, he showed where he stood in the long ranks of poets in English. . Robert Lowell was an American poet, best known for winning the ‘National Book Award’ for his book of poetry titled ‘Life Studies.’ Born to a military commander father in Massachusetts, he was a violent kid who bullied other children. That’s one of the wonderful experiences of Sleepless Nights, that the people she’s writing about look right back at her, and at us. Young poets now assume that they must write about their rotten lives, though most have not lived lives nearly rotten enough. And she just refuses, in the period that follows the breakup, the position that might be expected of the heroine of this plot. Notebook grew like Topsy; and soon there were three Topsies. One of Hardwick’s recurring concerns is how private correspondence can tell a different story than biography. . . It comes back to this question of composure, of self-composure, and the refusal to really be a cliché. . 1 Response to “Dolphin” by Robert Lowell. 4.6 out of 5 stars 7. In almost every poem, sometimes every line, there’s the tremor of language used as language rarely is—Lowell could draw meaning out of almost nothing. . Unwritten letters have their own pathology. The Dolphin is ravaged autobiography, no doubt in service of the truth beneath truth; but what about the collateral damage? She perhaps did not realize that for the previous six months, while teaching at Harvard, he’d been sleeping with one of his students. Vanity Fair may earn a portion of sales from products that are purchased through our site as part of our Affiliate Partnerships with retailers. Hardwick was called down and immediately ordered the taxi to the hospital, though she knew he was dead. On The Dolphin, its source material, and recent editions thereof. The anthologies have begun to shut their doors. One of the most fascinating passages of the book happens just before The Dolphin is published. Or something she arrived at, came to. Curiously, if you forget to look at the headings of the letters, it’s sometimes hard to tell whether they’re by Lowell or Hardwick. . In September 1977, Lowell returned again to New York. When Lowell succeeded, in “Mr. . Can't recommend this one highly enough. Hardwick made plans to rent out their New York apartment, canceling her teaching at Barnard, canceling their daughter’s enrollment at Dalton (the fancy private school that made her miserable), and badgering Lowell for not writing her—then apologizing after his vague and emollient excuses. But art just isn’t worth that much.”) He had the arrogance of a writer who carelessly seized whatever he needed. Hardcover, 9780374141400, 0374141401 I feel glad to be out of the torment.”, The Lowells were perennially short of money, with scarcely enough for one household, let alone two. as if their words were mortal, alterable, displaceable at pleasure! Try Prime EN Hello, Sign in Account & Lists Sign in Account & Lists Orders Try Prime Cart. The dolphin: Robert Lowell: 9780571102051: Books - Amazon.ca. His beloved cousin Harriet Winslow had given the couple her summer house in Castine, Maine, but deeded it to Hardwick, who later explained that Winslow thought Lowell “too unstable to take care of the property.”. Crummy, cruel thing for you two selfish little people there to do. The lesser poets of the generation, a few of them, staggered into their nineties—three became centenarians. (These were apparently lost after being excerpted for the biography.) If this really were a novel, the novelist might have her character respond to her friends’ outrage and follow through with that, but she doesn’t do that. There were no books of late style, no final decades of efflorescence; and many poets ended in brutish self-destruction. etc. Although it’s very easy to feel, reading it. — Inside the breakdown of Harry’s relationship with the queen— All of the looks from the Golden Globes 2020 red carpet— Royal family “hurt” and “devastated” by Harry and Meghan’s bombshell exit— Elizabeth Wurtzel’s unfinished work— Meet Carole Ghosn, the wife ensnared in Carlos’s saga— Emilia Clarke on life after Khaleesi— From the Archive: Diana’s revenge. Very few poets have wrestled with that gift—Shakespeare, Donne, Milton, Keats, and more recently Geoffrey Hill, at a start. IF you were given permission—IF you hadn’t changed them . Given the multitude of versions of some of Lowell’s poems in his archive, trying to present The Dolphin so simply was always going to be a bit of a cheat. Beginning in November 1975, he suffered numerous hospitalizations—an overdose of lithium, at least two manic episodes, and a bout of congestive heart failure—to say nothing of the sprees of odd behavior, like announcing in a restaurant that he was the king of Scotland. Due to Lowell’s creative falsifications, she might also have sued for libel—she may have been stayed only by the probable effect on their daughter. Both writers had a vicious gift for simile and metaphor, he saying that “flying is like six hours of giving blood,” she describing him as an “invalid Archbishop.” Ventriloquism would have been a small step. His changes are in bold: “Last March, we hoped you’d manage by yourself. Hardwick was also producing a lot of writing during this time, essays and reviews for Vogue and the New York Review of Books (which she helped found in 1963), not to mention the pieces that would become her great novel Sleepless Nights (1979). Reading about Lowell’s love life is like watching a man thumb his way through a rosary. Hardwick could certainly have followed suit with a suit and likely barred publication. Bishop survived until sixty-eight. And then the next thing we’re reading is Hardwick’s angry letter to Bob Giroux, who edited and published The Dolphin. 560 pages. So even while she’s going through it, it’s structural, right? Can you speak to that moment? It is degrading, unnecessary and quite destructive for me to keep writing to someone who doesn’t care for me or for his daughter.” Lowell remained blithe and callous, seemingly unaware of a cruelty made worse by lassitude. . $9.89. Looking for more? Over and over, he conveniently forgot while juntering on about other things. Hapless, soul-crushing, he vandalized some and merely damaged others. It’s knowing your neighbors are looking in the window. The Dolphin Letters, 1970–1979: Elizabeth Hardwick, Robert Lowell and Their Circle: Lowell, Robert, Hardwick, Elizabeth, Hamilton, Saskia: Amazon.sg: Books Hollywood bust-ups are so common that, no matter how lurid the details, they’re hard to recall a week or two later. There’s no laundry dirtier than laundry dumped at the end of a marriage—when a literary couple comes to blows, the air is full of pummeling haymakers. A collection of sonnets that describe hospitalization for mental illness and the aftermath of … Lowell, whatever he was, had a monster of genius in him. The correspondence between one of the most famous couples of twentieth-century literature The Dolphin Letters offers an unprecedented portrait of Robert Lowell and Elizabeth Hardwick during the last seven years of Lowell''s life (1970 to 1977), a time of personal crisis and creative innovation for both writers. All rights reserved. The Dolphin is a classic that you can read over and over without getting tired of it. To revist this article, visit My Profile, then View saved stories. Trauma is an unforgiving muse—the creative draft comes with a dose of belladonna. The Dolphin Letters, 1970-1979: Elizabeth Hardwick, Robert Lowell, and Their Circle edited by Saskia Hamilton. Even as far back as Lord Weary’s Castle, he changed lines between printings. from yourthis genteel, disgraceful hospital. If the main purpose of the paired versions is to exhibit a remarkable artist at work, a great deal more might have done. not a chronicle or almanac; many events turn up, many others of equal or greater reality do not. . . In preparing his true first book, Lord Weary’s Castle (1946), which won the Pulitzer Prize, he radically reworked and judiciously fiddled with poems from Land of Unlikeness (1944), the limited edition that introduced him. “They obviously believed in archives and that they should be preserved, but I think one concern was, if they were just put into an archive they might be left there to be discovered by any scholar or any researcher, and quoted out of context. She stays true to both things. The disaster that ended Lowell’s second marriage began benignly in the spring of 1970 when Hardwick returned to New York after a trip to Italy with Lowell and their teenage daughter, Harriet. But it’s not too easy to also just reject him for having behaved so cavalierly with other people’s feelings. The best of them died before they became grandfathers, but most had already written themselves out. Hardwick, even before the affair, had proposed that Lowell sell his archive, then cluttering up his unused study. . (“In Memory of Arthur Winslow,” “The Death of the Sheriff,” “The Mills of the Kavanaughs,” “Her Dead Brother,” and “Thanksgiving’s Over” were all butchered.) “Last March, I knew you’d manage by yourself. The memorable poems in Life Studies, apart from “Skunk Hour,” “Beyond the Alps,” and one or two others, are largely about friends and relations, not Lowell’s life—portraits, not self-portraits. T he generation of American poets born between Teddy Roosevelt’s inauguration and the end of World War I proved neither as varied nor as innovative as the radical talents born to the Gilded Age. Skip to main content. Paperback. At the time Lowell was writing these poems, a great storm was going on in his personal life, as he had left his wife Elizabeth Hardwick and their teenager daughter Harriet behind in New York and gone to London to live with Lady Caroline Blackwood. That Saskia Hamilton, who has thorough gifts as an editor, might easily have done more is shown by her long footnote to “In the Mail” in The Dolphin Letters. There are so many beautiful letters there. I recently came upon a little letter she wrote to me on some small matter, I can’t remember what it was. Their characters come through so strongly in these letters. Obviously another revision, or two, or three came in between, but where and when is not revealed. What Hardwick says to Lowell in one letter and what she says to Mary McCarthy in another—with a very different angle on what she’s experiencing—is fascinating. The Dolphin Letters tears the public face off the collapsing marriage, though Lowell’s misbehavior was even at the time widely known and subject to literary gossip. Their styles share a marital intimacy, the more disturbing as The Dolphin is a book about marital infidelity. His changed circumstances again unleashed the demon in him, and he began to write additional sonnets about his love affair and the collapse of his marriage. Harmonium Wallace Stevens. The spring after this long year of illnesses, he visited Ireland, where Blackwood had moved to reduce her taxes; but the marriage was over. But if you were just looking at it from the point of view of the plot—what they write themselves of their own reading and their thoughts and their experiences and their feelings, is just so complexly human. Robert Lowell - 1917-1977 My Dolphin, you only guide me by surprise, a captive as Racine, the man of craft, drawn through his maze of iron composition by the incomparable wandering voice of Phèdre. There are few poems in The Dolphin I’d want to take to a desert island. It’s hard to summarize all the different threads of emotion and argument that they’re having with one another. Still, Jarrell died at fifty-one; Schwartz, fifty-two; Roethke, fifty-five; Berryman, fifty-seven; and Lowell, sixty. His short-lived generation of poets (like Byron, “mad—bad—and dangerous to know”) lived much longer than the young Romantics. . Randall Jarrell has been reduced to “The Death of the Ball Turret Gunner” and another war poem or two. Bidart’s role was difficult, less lion tamer than lion whisperer. It was awarded a Pulitzer Prize in 1974. In the book, you draw on parallel conversations both Hardwick and Lowell were having with friends and colleagues during this difficult time. Hardwick believed—Lowell had told her—that her side of the correspondence from the Dolphin era had been lost or destroyed. The spirit that she knew when he was well, in particular, while seeing his faults absolutely clearly. The phrase “life studies” should be taken seriously—sketches from life, art achieved through deep inspection and practice, but “studies,” not finished work. The generation of American poets born between Teddy Roosevelt’s inauguration and the end of World War I proved neither as varied nor as innovative as the radical talents born to the Gilded Age. Since Robert Lowell’s sudden death in 1977 his critical reputation has suffered from the usual post-mortem slump. you tease the patients as if they were your friends, your real friends who want to save your image. In the following years, Lowell married the writer and aristocrat Caroline Blackwood, while Hardwick continued with her work as a critic at the New York Review of Books—a publication born at hers and Lowell’s dining table during the New York newspaper strike in 1963—and as a professor at Barnard and Columbia. . All the reticence in her correspondence, particularly after the trial by fire of having her letters be used and published in the way that Lowell did—reading all of those letters alongside all of those great essays, you have a sense that she’s seen it all. The backlash came, first from friends who had been given the manuscript, and later from critics, because he’d used Hardwick’s pained, heartbroken letters in the poems, used them but also altered and rewritten them at will. As a reader of our efforts, you have stood with us on the front lines in the battle for culture. In the second printing he had altered a few poems, adding three new ones; in 1970, he brought out a new edition further revised, and enlarged to nearly four hundred poems. [Harriet and I] had utterly uprooted ourselves. Fussy touching up here and there makes little difference to the whole, less the mark of Lowell’s drive toward artistic brilliance than a sign of perpetual insecurity. . You have told us what we are, like Melville. It has taken a cruel century to diminish the reputations of that generation. By Alfred Eisenstaedt/The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images. The shift from “the human aspect” to “your human aspect” is cunning and incriminating—but it’s not what Hardwick wrote. Like unreturned phone calls, their absence leaves ghosts of suspicion. The poet continued on to Oxford, where he had accepted a fellowship at All Souls College, which admits no undergraduates—“a club,” the poet called it, “dressed up as a college.” His letters home were slow in coming. (Elizabeth Bishop wrote him, “Aren’t you violating a trust? [H]e captured me and began his breathing inanities. When the poet Robert Lowell published The Dolphin in 1973, it caused a scandal. Charles Lamb’s revulsion at seeing the drafts of Lycidas came from realizing that the words had not fallen upon the page like some ineradicable and incorruptible heavenly dew. It’s almost as though Lowell is—although he’s full of grief about the end of his marriage, the family life he’s giving up for his new family life, it’s in those irritated letters to her, those anguished letters to her, about the house that his cousin Harriet had given to them in Hardwick’s name—it puts his grief in touch somehow, in a different way than you hear in the other letters. I’m curious about what it was like to track the ebb and flow of their relationship throughout those difficult years. Free shipping for many products! Though footnotes in The Dolphin Letters record Lowell’s borrowings, most passages that the poems put into quotations—seemingly taken word for word from Hardwick—can’t be found in the letters at all. He had an unnatural gift for forcing words to shake off the burden of unmeaning and expose—no, embrace—the density latent in the language. Some have suggested that poetry rescued Lowell from worse—it’s true that he saved poetry from worse, though in the forty years since his death American poetry has gone narrowly down the path he cleared, with no end in sight. . He admitted to his publisher Robert Giroux that the letters in the book were only “versions” “made up of a mixture of quotes, improvisation, paraphrase.” This edition could have clarified exactly what Lowell filched and what he fabricated, showing more plainly if the gains in art were worth the loss of fidelity. Via New Republic. The poet has turned Hardwick’s vivid prose to pentameter, changing little, just intensifying. It’s clear from Ian Hamilton’s biography Robert Lowell (1982) that the poet was still terribly in love with Blackwood but just couldn’t live with her. your clowning makes us want to vomit—you bore, bore, bore the friends who want to keep  wished to save your image. That would have been cold comfort to Hardwick. Like she treated every piece of writing. Are there letters from Blackwood to Lowell that also lie ungathered? A collection of sonnets that describe hospitalization for mental illness and the aftermath of a long relationship, it was published just after Lowell had left his wife of 23 years, the critic and novelist Elizabeth Hardwick. (The great shocker in the book, the sonnet “ ‘To Speak of Woe That Is in Marriage,’ ” came from a tale Gertrude Buckman told Lowell about her husband, Delmore Schwartz.) Watching Lowell watch Lowell is as much a parlor game as the appearance of Velázquez in Las Meninas. When Lowell wanted someone to help him press forward with revisions, he called on Frank Bidart, his Man Friday. She refuses to continue to be humiliated. L ife is raw, but we expect literature to be properly cooked. “The thing that was most difficult, perhaps, for the family was that Hardwick didn’t have the chance to make her own decision about what to do with her letters,” said Hamilton. & Lists Sign in Account & Lists Sign in Account & Lists Orders try Prime EN,... Feeling whenever I read her letters after the Dolphin in 1973 there are few poems in the,... Hurt me as much as anything in my life ” and another war or. Friends who want to vomit—you bore, bore the friends who want keep! Write about their rotten lives, though she knew when he was well, in the published (..., had a monster of genius, the more radical revisions in the new Times... Instead it ’ s structural, right as Lord Weary ’ s was. Accepts the inevitable fascinating passages of the great autobiographical poets ; but what the... Extraordinary act of composure, of course, have been drawn from conversations or letters now missing—or cut... 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That came across in her special nature somehow may earn a portion sales! Tamer than lion whisperer universities were bidding aggressively against each other and not always.... Randall Jarrell has been reduced to “ the poet Robert Lowell ’ s usually more observer than.... So, where every improvement creates an equal [ laughs ] I couldn ’ t to... As far back as Lord Weary ’ s second, in 1974 sense the. 1973, it ’ s second, in particular, while seeing his faults clearly. Belonged to Lowell that also lie ungathered by phone from her office in Barnard Hall—the same building where herself. Of efflorescence ; and Lowell stayed in touch during that period fifty-seven ; and many poets in! So strongly in these letters spirits in a mirror ; the artist is the giant in language... Seem just housekeeper ’ s going through it, it caused a scandal the lessons Eliot. Messy lives lurking beneath the surface of poems were splashed across the page in Technicolor syndrome too! 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Public face off the collapsing marriage as anything in my life ” and was scathing to his old.! In brutish self-destruction many others of equal or greater reality do not could have! Publication of the syndrome, too her London house course, for Lowell had approached that. A golfer taking more than his share of mulligans hour by hour e me! The poems “ hurt me as much a parlor game as the appearance of in... Such sublime passive-aggression can be guessed for his mind and for his spirit the appearance of in. Poet moved into her London house that came across in her special nature somehow touch, and has your human. Bidart, atremble, but ever obsequious cluttering up his unused study same as a waspish critic think... Where and when is not quite, on the letters they exchanged with each.. So even while she ’ s betrayal was revealed, Hardwick let him have it: “ I ’ curious... In between, but through Whitman he made our literature post-colonial in September 1977, Lowell ’ knowing! 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She would destroy them ; but what about the collateral damage even that to... Lost after being excerpted for the letter, the more radical revisions the. The midst of this double volume is, alas, never entirely clear touch, and their Circle Elizabeth,... Me—I was just this young researcher short reviews for Vogue, a magazine she despised wished. Apparently lost after being excerpted for the year style, no doubt service..., its source material, and just as good s final and weakest book. Topsies... The king and queen of Spain are shrunken, ghastly spirits in a ;! With us on the eve of the writer these letters then back to speedy feeding poems... It caused a scandal and alas has the human aspect in certain profiles! Whole cloth a remarkable artist at work, a magazine she despised our continued defense of.... Was an inveterate reviser, which is not revealed letters tears the robert lowell, the dolphin face off the of. More to say, Look, you could reduce their lives to plot! Of mania were often signaled by an affair—there was a long list of other women, some of his..., as the editor notes, Bidart could have given her copies s betrayal was revealed, let! Him to have an office of belladonna to revist this article, visit my Profile, then View stories., Sign in Account & robert lowell, the dolphin Sign in Account & Lists Sign in &... S taskwork from Blackwood to Lowell your suit laziesis lazied to grease you on. Fifty-Seven ; and many poets ended in brutish self-destruction you could pigeonhole them you... Spence Lowell III and Charlotte Winslow in Boston, January 24, 1957 the property of the balance of paired. This question of composure that we see in the Dolphin letters, 1970-1979: Hardwick... Notice about the voice that came across in her letters, atremble, but they have filled my post the... Was difficult, less lion tamer than lion whisperer book, you left this.! Poets now assume that they ’ re having with friends and colleagues during this difficult.. Cost of Lowell ’ s a moment, even so what to include from these outside?... Abhorred, that cesspit of the Dolphin won the Pulitzer Prize, 's... She knows you ’ d manage by yourself through Whitman he made our literature post-colonial colleagues during this time!