Ptolemy XII, Auletes 80-51 B.C. Ptolemy IX Soter II Lathyros King of Egypt King of Egypt was born about -142 in Egypt, son of Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II Physcon King of Egypt King of Egypt and Cleopatra III Euergetes II Selene Lagid., they gave birth to 1 child. Ptolemaic Kingdom. Sv. The latent hostility between the son and his mother finally erupted in October 110, when Cleopatra expelled him from Egypt and recalled his brother from Cyprus. Ptolemy IX, Soter II, called Lathyros, was coregent with Cleopatra III. He was perhaps the half-brother of Alexander and son of Philip II of Macedon with the beautiful Arsinoe. Ptolemy IX Soter II[note 1] (Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Σωτήρ, Ptolemaĩos Sōtḗr "Ptolemy the Saviour"), commonly nicknamed Lathyros (Λάθυρος, Láthuros "chickpea"),[3] reigned twice as king of Ptolemaic Egypt: first as Ptolemy Philometor Soter in joint rule with his Cleopatra II and Cleopatra III (116–107 BC), and then again as Ptolemy Soter (88–81 BC). Reverse: Double Cornucopiae Svornos 1718. Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary. Ptolemy XII Neo Dionysus was the father of Cleopatra VII, the famous queen of Egypt. Ptolemy X Alexander 103: Antiochus IX Cyzicenus supports the Samarians against the Hasmonaean king John Hyrcanus of Judaea; Ptolemy IX Soter supports Antiochus, hoping that Judaea will be a first step to a return to Egypt. He was the son of Ptolemy VIII and Cleopatra III. [21] He initially maintained control of Cyrene, but it seems to have come under the control of his half brother Ptolemy Apion some time after 105 BC. Ptolemy 9 IX Soter II Lathyrus - king of Egypt, 116-107 and 88-80 B.C. of opera (Tolomeo = Ptolemy Lathyrus (Ptolemy IX Soter II), … When Cleopatra III was forced to bring him back to Alexandria to be made co-ruler, his younger brother, Ptolemy X Alexander, was sent to Cyprus as governor in his place. AR Tetradrachm (24mm, 13.81 g, 12h). Ptolemy IX Soter Lathyros: king of the Ptolemaic Empire, ruled from 116 to 107 (with Cleopatra III) and from 88 to 81. The most reliable way of determining which Ptolemy is being referred to in any given case is by epithet (e.g. Ptolemy VIII was succeeded by his eldest son in 116 BCE. He died about -81 in At Sea between Lycia &, Cyprus. They propose Cleopatra IV as the mother, in which case Ptolemy XII and Ptolemy of Cyprus would have been born in 117 and 116 BC respectively. Ptolemy I ruled first as a governor for the kings of Macedon, then from about 305 BCE he ruled as the king in Egypt (hence the two sets of dates). Ptolemy X, even younger, is briefly made general of Cyprus. "Philopator"). [18], In autumn 107 BC, a new conflict broke out between Cleopatra III and Ptolemy IX. The exact date of his birth is a bit unclear. 2 words related to Ptolemy I: Ptolemaic dynasty, Ptolemy. Svoronos 1687; Olivier 6934–405; SNG Copenhagen 375; DCA 54. Ptolemy IX Soter, 116-106 BC. Ptolemy X Alexander I, (died 88 bce), Macedonian king of Egypt (reigned 107–88 bce) who, under the direction of his mother, Cleopatra III, ruled Egypt alternately with his brother Ptolemy IX Soter II and around 105 became involved in a civil war in the Seleucid kingdom in Syria. Ptolemy IX Soter II, byname Lathyrus (Greek: “Chickpea”), (flourished 1st century bc), Macedonian king of Egypt (reigned 116–110, 109–107, and 88–81 bc) who, after ruling Cyprus and Egypt in various combinations with his brother, Ptolemy X Alexander I, and his mother, Cleopatra III, widow of Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II, gained sole rule of the country in 88 and sought to keep Egypt from excessive Roman … The cults and memory of Cleopatra III and Ptolemy X seem to have been officially suppressed. [6][1] However, during the civil war, in 130 BC, Cleopatra II attempted to have Memphites crowned as her co-ruler, so Ptolemy VIII had him murdered, leaving Ptolemy IX as the heir. [1] This would put his birth two years before his parents' marriage, which took place in 141 BC. After the murder of his elder brother in 130 BC, during a civil war between Ptolemy VIII and Cleopatra II, Ptolemy IX became the heir apparent. Lacking a queen, he brought back his brother’s widow, who was also his own daughter, Berenice III, and associated her on the throne with himself. Youth and Kingship Older son of Ptolemy VIII Physcon and Cleopatra III and brother of Ptolemy X Alexander; ruler of the Ptolemaic dynasty in Egypt from 116 to 107 bc and again from 88 to 81 bc. VF. (142–80 BC) Nicknamed Lathyros or chickpea. Year 2 (116/5 BC). Synonyms for Ptolemy I Soter in Free Thesaurus. This would have included work on the Dendera Temple complex and on the temple in Edfu. He was the founder of the Ptolemaic dynasty which ruled Egypt until the death of Cleopatra in 30 BC, turning the country into a Hellenistic kingdom and Alexandria into a center of Greek culture. Antonyms for Ptolemy I Soter. Ptolemy was the son of Ptolemy I Soter I (Ancient Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Σωτήρ, Ptolemaĩos Sōtḗr, i.e. [11] Ptolemy X was sent to Cyprus to serve as governor of Cyprus soon after Ptolemy IX's accession. SNG Cop 348; cf. Ptolemy IX died in 81, leaving his daughter and widow as his successor. [14] Her new husband was waging a war against his half-brother Antiochus VIII Grypus (r. 125–96 BC), who was married to Cleopatra IV's elder sister Tryphaena. 1997-07-29: new. Ptolemy IX was formally re-crowned as Pharaoh at Memphis in November. Seller assumes all responsibility for this listing. Ptolemy IX. Ptolemy IX Soter II Lathyrus (116–107 b.c. Click an entity to go directly to the entity box. [8], On 28 June 116, Ptolemy VIII died. [15] Perhaps as a result of this, in 114/113 BC, Ptolemy X proclaimed himself 'King of Cyprus', openly declaring his opposition to Ptolemy IX. ; d. 81 B.C.) This item will ship to United States, but the seller has not specified shipping options. His mother ruled jointly with him and held the actual power. At least three children are attested for Ptolemy IX. Star over Δ in left field. Ptolemy X, Alexander I 110-109, 108/7-88 B.C. Ptolemy I Soter Background. Some sources claim that Ptolemy IX had made Berenice III his co-regent at the start of his second reign in 88 BC, but all documentary evidence shows that he reigned alone until this point. Around 117 BC, Ptolemy IX was sent to Cyprus, reportedly at his mother's request, where he served as governor of the island (strategos, nauarchos, archiereus, archikynegos). Ptolemy sent a large force south in November 88 BC, under the command of the general Hierax. [24], When Ptolemy IX returned to Egypt, the south of the country had been under the control of Egyptian rebels since 91 BC. He was perhaps the half-brother of Alexander and son of Philip II of Macedon with the beautiful Arsinoe. Reverse: Eagle standing left on thunderbold; in field, date. [32], Ptolemy XII is referred to by Cicero and other ancient sources as an illegitimate son; Pompeius Trogus called him a "nothos" (bastard), while Pausanias wrote that Berenice III was Ptolemy IX's only legitimate offspring. [23] Fearing that Ptolemy IX was planning to use Judaea as a springboard for an invasion of Egypt, Cleopatra III and Ptolemy X invaded Judaea themselves. Initially, Ptolemy IX was not the heir to the throne – that was Ptolemy Memphites, the son of Ptolemy VI and Cleopatra II, who was roughly the same age as him. Ptolemy Soter refused to give aid to the Romans in the course of their war with Pontus, a Black Sea kingdom, and after the Roman sack of Athens in 88 the Egyptian rulers helped rebuild the city, for which commemorative statues of them were erected. [30] According to Justin, Cleopatra Selene and Ptolemy IX had two children. Ptolemy IV,Philopator (222-205 b.c.) Year 2 (116/5 BC). Svoronos 1706; BMC 1; Berlin 433-1880. found: New Grove dict. In 134/3, Ptolemy IX served as the annual Priest of Alexander the Great, the year after Memphites had done the same. Justin further claims that Cleopatra III wanted to choose Ptolemy X, but the people of Alexandria rioted and forced her to choose Ptolemy IX. After Alexander’s unpopularity drove him from Alexandria a second time and he perished at sea, Soter returned to resume sole rule over Egypt. Dated year 2. Ptolemy I (367-283 BCE), also known as Ptolemy I Soter (savior), was a Macedonian general during the campaign of Alexander III the Great. Ptolemy IX Soter II (Lathyros). What are synonyms for Ptolemy I Soter? Macedonian king of Egypt byname Lathyrus (Greek: “Chickpea”) flourished 1st century BC Macedonian king of Egypt (reigned 116–110, 109–107, and 88–81 BC) who, after ruling Cyprus and Egypt in various combinations with his brother,… Ptolemy I Soter I (Ancient Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Σωτήρ, Ptolemaĩos Sōtḗr, i.e. [20], After his expulsion from Alexandria, Ptolemy IX went to the isle of Cyprus. Those commanders who had faithfully followed him from Macedon across the desert sands of western Asia were left to decide for themselves the fate of the kingdom. Reverse: Eagle standing left, on thunderbolt, LB (date) to left, ΠA to right, BAΣIΛEΩΣ / ΠTOΛEMAIOY. As part of his visit, he was given a tour of the Fayyum region. Following his father’s death in 116 BC, the throne of Egypt passed to Cleopatra III who had bore two sons – Ptolemy IX Philometor Soter II (Lathyros) and Ptolemy X Alexander Iand three daughters, Cleopatra IV, Cleopatra Tryphaena, and Cleopatra Selene. Ptolemy Ix Soter Google Suggest Search predictions are possible search terms you can use that are related to the terms you’re typing and what other people are searching for. Synonyms for Ptolemy I Soter in Free Thesaurus. We hear nothing more about his activities until 88 BC. [35] Bennett noted that Berenice III's legitimacy was never questioned by ancient historians, and the illegitimacy of Ptolemy IX and Cleopatra IV's marriage makes it more probable that Berenice III was the result of a legitimate marriage, that is between her father and Cleopatra Selene. He eventually quarrelled with his mother and in 107 BC, she deposed him and replaced him with his younger brother Ptolemy X. Ptolemy IX Soter II (Πτολεμαῖος Σωτήρ, Ptolemaĩos Sōtḗr "Ptolemy the Saviour"), commonly nicknamed Lathyros (Λάθυρος, Láthuros "chickpea"), reigned twice as king of Ptolemaic Egypt: first as Ptolemy Philometor Soter in joint rule with his Cleopatra II and Cleopatra III (116-107 BC), and then again as Ptolemy Soter (88-81 BC). Antonyms for Ptolemy I Soter. Ptolemy IX Soter II (Savior) (142 – 80 BCE) was also known as Lathyrus (Chickpea). Ptolemy IX spent the winter encamped at Gaza, before deciding to sail back to Cyprus in early 102 BC. Major children and living persons must directly contact the, Relationship with Berenice I Magasdr (spouse), Relationship with Eurydice Antipatrosdr (spouse). The birth dates and parentage of his two sons Ptolemy XII and Ptolemy of Cyprus are disputed. [24], In 86 BC, a Roman fleet commanded by Lucullus arrived in Alexandria seeking financial and military support against Mithridates VI of Pontus, with whom the Romans were fighting the First Mithridatic War (89-84 BC). Ptolemy IX Soter II (Lathyros) was previously made governor of Cyprus. In 305 BC, he declared himself King Ptolemy I, later known as "Soter" (savior). [17], Ptolemy IX supported Antiochus IX Cyzicenus in his conflict with Antiochus VIII Grypus. B.C.) Ptolemy XI, Alexander II 80 B.C. What are synonyms for Ptolemy I Soter? 116-110 BCE Bronze Coin, 18mm. Cleopatra III & Ptolemy IX Soter II (Lathyros) were co-regents during the Ptolemaic Dynasty. found: New Grove dict. Ptolemaic Kings > Ptolemy I Soter. Text: Image: Svoronos 1707 var: Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt. / BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΠTOΛEMAIOY, Eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed. 116-106 B.C at the best online prices at … Some wanted to wait until the birth of Roxanne and Alexander’s son, the future Alexander IV, while others chose a more immediate and self-se… The Kingdom ended with the death of Cleopatra in 30 BC. This information is part of by on Genealogy Online. Ptolemy IX (Ptolemy Lathyrus) (tŏl´əmē ləthī´rəs), d. 81 BC, king of ancient Egypt (116–107 BC, 88–81 BC) of the Macedonian dynasty, son of Ptolemy VIII and the younger Cleopatra. He was possibly born on 18 February 142 BC. Ptolemy, was one of Alexander the Great 's generals and deputies. [24], After his expulsion from Alexandria, Ptolemy X made an attempt to invade Cyprus and recapture control, but was killed in the attempt. Ptolemy Apion Cyprus to serve as governor of Cyprus are identical with the beautiful Arsinoe left a. 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