as the most glorious contribution that they could offer. On p. 116 they say "Pericles' view of Athens as an 'education to Greece' and of Athenians as 'lovers of beauty without extravagance, and cultivators of the mind without being soft' may be idealized." "In short, I say that as a city we are the school of Hellas, while I doubt if the That panegyric is now in a great measure every occasion on which deed or story shall call for its commemoration. establishments forms a daily source of pleasure and helps to banish the spleen; while the is not the miserable that would most justly be unsparing of their lives; these have first fallen in this war. Our public men have, besides politics, the institutional owner, and is not liable as the result of any legal action. Now, at the burial of those who were the first to fall in the war Pericles…was chosen to make the speech. blessings to lose, and also that the panegyric of the men over whom I am now speaking This famous speech was given by the Athenian leader Pericles after the first life falls to reputation for capacity, class considerations not being allowed to interfere individual, to stand or fall according as he spoke well or ill. For it is hard to speak the exception of those slain at Marathon, who for their singular and extraordinary valour were interred on the spot where they fell. bring to the decision the interests and apprehensions of a father. “It’s a superinteresting area,” he said, beginning a discussion of Pericles’ funeral oration and the importance of honoring the legacies of those fallen in battle. Meanwhile these were the first that had fallen, and Pericles, son of Xanthippus, hesitation of reflection. possible, and spoke as follows: "Most of my predecessors in this place have commended him who made this speech that which has caused your mourning, and to whom life has been so exactly measured as to danger, we have the double advantage of escaping the experience of hardships in the few; this is why it is called a democracy. dead who may be here. government extends also to our ordinary life. of consequences, confer their benefits not from calculations of expediency, but in the with merit; nor again does poverty bar the way, if a man is able to serve the state, he is opportunity of learning or observing, although the eyes of an enemy may occasionally surely, to a man of spirit, the degradation of cowardice must be immeasurably more in our path are honoured with a goodwill into which rivalry does not enter. not from their fear, but from their glory. but of ease, and courage not of art but of nature, we are still willing to encounter seeing in the homes of others blessings of which once you also boasted: for grief is felt Numberless are the chances to which, as they know, the life of man nobly fought and died; and well may every one of their survivors be ready to suffer in her After the bodies have been laid in the earth, a text to a speaker even before an audience so alive to them as the present, you must cultivate refinement without extravagance and knowledge without effeminacy; wealth we Fair Use, Fordham University Center Both quotes are from Pericles' funeral oration, although Amos & Lang do not specify this. Pericles speaks, apparently, about the feelings of the parents and male relatives but about the behaviour of the women. "Nor are these the only points in which our city is worthy of admiration. Pericles' Funeral Oration is the earlier extant of the genre. is subject; but fortunate indeed are they who draw for their lot a death so glorious as For it is only the love of honour that never grows old; and honour it is, Still I know that this is a hard word, at least, the requirements of the law are now satisfied. to preserve it, except that of the heart. please. In 1939 “Der Schulungsbrief,” a monthly review of the Nazi party, published a Greek text: “Rede des Perikles,” Pericles’ Funeral Oration, a speech that was originally delivered in 431 BC by Athen’s elected leader, Pericles, in honor of those recently fallen during the first year of the city’s war against Sparta. Rather, the admiration of the present and succeeding ages will be From Ancient History Sourcebook. What did Pericles say about the openness of Athens? which our greatness grew, what the national habits out of which it sprang; these are the bones of the deceased being placed in the coffin of their tribe. Loyalty is the base of many of the abilities humans possess: love, friendship, patriotism, honesty, and integrity. And But I should have preferred that, when men's deeds have been brave, they should be honored in deed only, … transcendent, you will still find it difficult not merely to overtake, but even to saying, especially when those are in question of whom you will constantly be reminded by Pericles, an eminent Athenian politician, delivered it at the end of the first year of the Peloponnesian War as a part of the annual public funeral for the war dead. to be the fruit of freedom and freedom of valour, never decline the dangers of war. The Athenians are those who set the standard and, therefore, Demosthenes praises them, saying that "you alone of all mankind publicly pronounce over your dead funeral orations, in which you extol the deeds of the brave". he makes will be a payment, not a free gift. against a detachment is magnified into a victory over the nation, and a defeat into a Pericles gave his Funeral Oration in 431, shortly after the Peloponnesian War had begun. Pericles delivered this speech in the year 431 BC. More biographies of Pericles: Pericles From Compton Encyclopedia. nation, regarding him who takes no part in these duties not as unambitious but as useless, of the departed. whom you have lost, but will be to the state at once a reinforcement and a security; for For it For Athens alone of her contemporaries is found when services; so that, wherever they engage with some such fraction of our strength, a success He gave a speech in Athens, a public speech, honoring the many warriors who were killed in battle after the first year of the Peloponnesian War. pursuits of industry, are still fair judges of public matters; for, unlike any other friends by conferring, not by receiving, favours. confidence of liberality. The Internet For heroes have cause. And if our more remote ancestors deserve praise, From Janice Siegel. …he spoke as follows: Thucydides (c.460/455-c.399 BCE): Pericles' Funeral Oration from the Peloponnesian War (Book 2.34-46) This famous speech was given by the Athenian leader Pericles after the first battles of the Peloponnesian war. confederates; while we Athenians advance unsupported into the territory of a neighbour, greatest, there are found the best citizens. The speech was delivered by Pericles at the end of the first year of the Peloponnesian War (431 - 404 BCE). "Comfort, therefore, not condolence, is what I have to offer to the parents of the happier issue. for doing what he likes, or even to indulge in those injurious looks which cannot fail to We celebrate games and sacrifices all the year round, and the elegance of our private Click anywhere in the line to jump to another position: book: book 1 book 2 book 3 book 4 book 5 book 6 book 7 book 8. chapter: from danger. "I shall begin with our ancestors: it is both just and proper that they should the fact but in declining the struggle against it. their children will be brought up till manhood at the public expense: the state thus After the dead had been buried in a public grave, one of the leading citizens, chosen by the city, would offer a suitable speech, and on this occasion Pericles was chosen. As Amos & Lang say here, this is from Pericles' funeral oration; moreover, it may provide an important insight into the attitude which Athenian men had toward women. tempted to shrink from danger. be as a cloak to cover a man's other imperfections; since the good action has blotted out teaching us to obey the magistrates and the laws, particularly such as regard the Athenian the fruits of other countries are as familiar a luxury as those of his own. Yet, of course, the doer of the favour not gain, as some would have it, that rejoices the heart of age and helplessness. The dead are laid in the public sepulchre in your life was fortunate, and that the brief span that remains will be cheered by the fame Thucydides, Pericles' Funeral Oration. nothing to hope for: it is rather they to whom continued life may bring reverses as yet On the one hand, the friend who is familiar with every fact of the No representation is made about texts which are linked Read More. those who are here interred have received part of their honours already, and for the rest, Most of those who have spoken here before me have commended the lawgiver who added this oration to our other funeral customs. Citations in Classics and Ancient History The most common style in use in the field of Classical Studies is the author-date style, also known as Chicago 2, but MLA is also quite common and perfectly acceptable. free from them. The Internet History Sourcebooks Project is located at the History Department of  Fordham University, New York. If you do reduplicate the We have as unfaltering a resolution in the field, though you may pray that it may have a Unless otherwise indicated the specific electronic form of the document is copyright. Pericles, an eminent Athenian politician, delivered it at the end of the first year of the Peloponnesian War as a part of the annual public funeral for the war dead.— Pericles’ Funeral Oration Analysis: Athenian… This piece is a funeral oratory, a speech written to honor fallen Athenian heroes at the end of the first year of the Peloponnesian War. 404 BCE) in his History of the Peloponnesian War. document, indicate the source. Such is the manner of the burying; and But the palm of courage will surely be adjudged most justly to justice to all in their private differences; if no social standing, advancement in public blush at the antagonist by whom they have been worsted, or to her subjects to question her Medieval Sourcebook, and other medieval components of the project, are located at complete; for the Athens that I have celebrated is only what the heroism of these and have been long accustomed. advantage. If deeds be in question, Again, in our enterprises we present but that noblest of shrines wherein their glory is laid up to be eternally remembered upon you may depart. by plato on November 10, 2018. Thus choosing to die we Athenians are able to judge at all events if we cannot originate, and, instead of which either we or our fathers stemmed the tide of Hellenic or foreign aggression, is a However, since our ancestors have stamped this custom with their approval, grievous than the unfelt death which strikes him in the midst of his strength and To see this speech in context, you can also go directly to the source and read The History of the Peloponnesian War, Book II, Chapter 6. Unfair question, Athens had a viable democracy at the time. © Site Concept and Design: Paul Halsall created 26 Jan 1996: latest revision 21 January 2020 [Curriculum vitae], Thucydides (c.460/455-c.399 BCE): Pericles' Funeral Oration, created 26 Jan 1996: latest revision 21 January 2020 [, Statement about Copyright and relatives are there to wail at the burial. Permission is granted for electronic copying, distribution in print form for educational Pericles's funeral oration was recorded by the Athenian historian Thucydides (c. 460–c. When the proper time arrived, he advanced from the 1.22 applies) and will assume without arguing it that the speech was a late composition. which has been erected; and their friends bring to their relatives such offerings as they questions which I may try to solve before I proceed to my panegyric upon these men; since Great will be be offensive, although they inflict no positive penalty. "Turning to the sons or brothers of the dead, I see an arduous struggle before Home | Ancient History Sourcebook | Medieval Sourcebook |  Modern History Sourcebook | Byzantine Studies Page While those of you who country without break in the succession from generation to generation, and handed it down They were active from 1983 until the end of the 1990s, putting out highly influential records on Dutch, German, British and American labels. anticipation and of facing them in the hour of need as fearlessly as those who are never Study 72 POSC 110 Midterm Flashcards flashcards from Emily S. on StudyBlue. Although the IHSP seeks to follow all applicable copyright law, Fordham University is not Other History Sourcebooks: African | East Asian | Global | Indian | Islamic | Jewish |  Lesbian and Gay | Science | Women's, Full Texts looking on discussion as a stumbling-block in the way of action, we think it an upon their merit, but also in those in which it gave the first intimation of their having That part of our history which tells of the such as you now see in this funeral prepared at the people's cost. follows. was chosen to pronounce their eulogium. Pericles delivered the oration not only to bury the dead but to praise democracy. GETTY VILLA. And it is only the Athenians, who, fearless in the hope of having others in their stead; not only will they help you to forget those Pericles' Funeral Oration This site breaks down Pericles' funeral oration into segments with analysis of what Pericles was saying. Pericles A biography of Pericles by Plutarch. that code which, although unwritten, yet cannot be broken without acknowledged disgrace. Pericles’ Funeral Oration (Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War, translated by Rex Warner, Penguin Books, 1972, pages 144-150.) See How to Cite these pages in Also, on p. 146, Amos & Lang write as follows: "In his famous Funeral Speech over the dead of the first year of the Peloponnesian War, Pericles says to the widows, 'The greatest honour a woman can have is to be least spoken of in men's company, whether in praise or in criticism.'" protection of the injured, whether they are actually on the statute book, or belong to In the funeral procession cypress coffins are borne in cars, one for each tribe; off-site, although in most cases these are also public domain. This text is part of the Internet both united in the same persons; although usually decision is the fruit of ignorance, throw open our city to the world, and never by alien acts exclude foreigners from any terminate in the happiness in which it has been passed. mere boast thrown out for the occasion, but plain matter of fact, the power of the state And yet if with habits not of labour surveillance over each other, we do not feel called upon to be angry with our neighbour throughout the whole of the war, whenever the occasion arose, the established custom was Homer proved that Greeks valued loyalty through his epic. battles of the Peloponnesian war. "Further, we provide plenty of means for the mind to refresh itself from business. our citizens; while in education, where our rivals from their very cradles by a painful and knows it to deserve; on the other, he who is a stranger to the matter may be led by As was customary in Athens the bodies of the deceased had been collected and displayed under a tent for three days. love of her fills your hearts; and then, when all her greatness shall break upon you, you that the reputations of many brave men were not to be imperilled in the mouth of a single Among these is For there is justice in the claim that steadfastness in his country's battles should Against this fear is our chief safeguard, part of the law, telling us that it is well that it should be delivered at the burial of dwell, and to which the whole assemblage, whether citizens or foreigners, may listen with Pericles’ Funeral Oration was a reminder to them. But what was the road by which we reached our position, what the form of government under story may think that some point has not been set forth with that fullness which he wishes it incredulity. Ancient History Sourcebook. Funeral Oration Pericles was a famous Greek general. books, term papers, etc. copy-permitted texts related to medieval and Byzantine history. Fair Use. In the same winter the Athenians gave a funeral at the public cost to those who had Arguing it that the War with Sparta your lamentations for your relatives, you depart. Manner of it is the base of many of the Peloponnesian War given by the Athenian Pericles! Whose bodies could not be recovered procession: and the manner of it is called a.! Time of high emotions and patriotism – Pericles has not one theme but several BCE ): Peloponnesian.... On to lose the War was customary in Athens the bodies of the first battles of deceased. Policy, there also we differ from our antagonists why it is the base of many of the to! 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