The panhandle was struck by Hurricane Dennis. Sinkholes and basins in the beds of modern rivers (such as the Page-Ladson site in the Aucilla River) have yielded a rich trove of paleo-Indian artifacts, including Clovis points. More Florida History Firsts & State Facts. "Spanish-Indian Relationships: Synoptic History and Archaeological Evidence, 1500–1763". When the war was over, Judge Ziba King, a former Confederate officer, became the greatest “cattle baron” in Florida history. They were hunters and gatherers. The federal government declared the state an agricultural disaster area because of 13 straight days of freezing weather during the growing season in January 2010. He visited the Subtropical Exposition in Jacksonville, where he made a speech supporting tourism to the state; he took a train to St. Augustine, meeting Henry Flagler; and a train to Titusville, where he boarded a steamboat and visited Rockledge. A premier destination for arts and culture in Jacksonville, you can see the stage where Elvis once played, catch captivating ballet and opera performances or see a live music show. Although the first evidence of farming dates from about 500 bce, some southern groups remained hunters, fishers, and gatherers until their extinction. The Yamasee War of 1715–1717 in the Carolinas resulted in numerous Indian refugees, such as the Yamasee, moving south to Florida. After World War I, there was a rise in lynchings and other racial violence directed by whites against blacks in the state, as well as across the South, and in major cities such as Chicago and Washington. Other metropolitan areas include Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent, Tallahassee, Ocala, Gainesville, Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin, Panama City-Lynn Haven, and Palm Coast. For more Florida reading , check out: These Are The 10 Most Boring Places In Florida Investors of all kinds, many from outside Florida, raced to buy and sell rapidly appreciating land in newly platted communities such as Miami and Palm Beach. In 2011 Florida, with over 19 million people, surpassed New York and became the third largest state in population.[5]. As these groups were stripped from voter rolls, white Democrats established power in a one-party state, as happened across the South. Colburn, David R. and deHaven-Smith, Lance. [37], The border between the British colony of Georgia and Spanish Florida was never clearly defined, and was the subject of constant harassment in both directions, until it was ceded by Spain to the U.S. in 1821. Almost half the state's population were enslaved African Americans working on large cotton and sugar plantations, between the Apalachicola and Suwannee rivers in the north central part of the state. Klingman, Peter D. "Race and Faction in the Public Career of Florida's Josiah T. By then, Florida was surrounded by desert, in the middle of a new continent, Pangaea. After briefly exploring the land south of present-day St. Augustine, the expedition sailed south to the bottom of the Florida peninsula, through the Florida Keys, and up the west coast as far north as Charlotte Harbor, where they briefly skirmished with the Calusa before heading back to Puerto Rico. The lighthouse is in Jupiter, to the north of Palm Beach. About 248,000 Floridians served in the war. Many settlers in Florida developed plantation agriculture, similar to other areas of the Deep South. By the early 1960s, the Space Race was in full swing. Americans of English descent and Scots-Irish descent began moving into northern Florida from the backwoods of Georgia and South Carolina. [32] Further down the coast, in 1565 Pedro Menéndez de Avilés founded San Agustín (St. Augustine)[33] which is the oldest continuously inhabited European settlement in any U.S. state. The rebels overcame the Spanish garrison at Baton Rouge and proclaimed the "Free and Independent Republic of West Florida" on September 23. However, Spain, participating indirectly in the war as an ally of France, captured Pensacola from the British in 1781. In includes pictures of area Jews, including Jewish cigar makers, and artifacts from the community such as mah-jongg sets. The first people to enter the Florida peninsula around 12,000 years ago were not explorers, adventurers, or settlers,but nomads following the big game animals upon which their survival depended. The process was extremely divisive, and led to calls for electoral reform in Florida. The history of Florida can be traced to when the first Native Americans began to inhabit the peninsula as early as 14,000 years ago. This border controversy was resolved in the 1795 Treaty of San Lorenzo when Spain recognized the 31st parallel as the boundary. After 1630, and throughout the 18th century, Tegesta (after the Tequesta tribe) was an alternate name of choice for the Florida peninsula following publication of a map by the Dutch cartographer Hessel Gerritsz in Joannes de Laet's History of the New World. [9], Excavations at an ancient stone quarry (the Container Corporation of America site in Marion County) yielded "crude stone implements" showing signs of extensive wear from deposits below those holding Paleo-Indian artifacts. It includes Jacksonville and nearby localities in Northeast Florida, an interior region known as North Central Florida, and the Florida Panhandle. A booming post war economy after World War One and mass tourism greatly diversified and expanded the population of Florida. It was notably devastated in 1586, when English sea captain and sometime pirate Sir Francis Drake plundered and burned the city. The Early Archaic period evolved into the Middle Archaic period around 5000 BC. Fresh water was available only in sinkholes and limestone catchment basins, and paleo-Indian activity centered around these relatively scarce watering holes. First imprisoned at Fort Marion, he died of malaria at Fort Moultrie in South Carolina less than three months after his capture. in, Vasquez, Elias Provencio, Gonzalez-Guarda, Rosa, De Santis, Joseph. [2] Lamme and Oldakowski note that the directional region is more commonly used in the interior areas than on the coast. North Florida also has three major zoos, the Jacksonville Zoo and Gardens, St. Augustine Alligator Farm Zoological Park and Gulf Breeze Zoo. It stimulated the development of other attractions, as well as large tracts of housing and related businesses.[106]. 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