Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. The beetle cowpea curculio became a real problem this past year. Breeding Elite Cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp] Varieties for Improved Food Security and Income in Africa: Opportunities and Challenges. [4] support the Dry grain for human consumption is the most important prod uct of the cowpea plant, bu t fresh or dried leaves (in man y p arts of Asia and Africa) (Nielsen et al. The majority of cowpea seed planted for deer forage is a single cultivar - Iron Clay. Duragan (74.67 days) and Doganca (73.33 days) were the most latest. Karagoz-86, Akkiz-86 and Kirazlik1 were in same statistical group with G10 for fresh pod yield. Genomics Assisted Breeding of Crops for Abiotic Stress Tolerance, Vol. conditions. ranged from 69.33 and 76.00 days among seven cowpea landraces under Samsun ecological Cowpea fresh pods are consumed as green vegetables in many countries in Southern Europe. The quality of leguminous vegetables as influenced by preharvest factors. Download Cowpea stock photos. Positive and highly significant (P<0.01) correlations were found between fresh pod yield per plant and fresh pod harvest period, number of pods per plant, average pod weight, length and width. Any queries (other than missing content) should be directed to the corresponding author for the article. unguiculata and ssp. The greatest plant height, highest number of branches per plant, longest fresh pod harvest period, highest average pod weight, longest pods, widest pods and thickest pods were all obtained from G10. The plant can be used as a forage or for hay or silage. Although number of pods per plant was low in G10, the highest fresh pod yield per plant was obtained from G10. Big Red Ripper (Mandy) Southern Pea (Cowpea), 14 g [VA and NC heirloom] Good flavored table pea with 10 in. In addition, there was a heavy purple pigmentation on pod surface of Karagoz-86, typical for it. Pods from the sesquipedalis accessions were heavier and larger, and reached commercial maturity 2 days later, than those from the unguiculata accessions. Gulumser et al. Dried seeds are consumed after cooking. The highest fresh pod yield per plant was in G10 genotype (110.23 g plant-1). Dry cowpea sowing area and production of Turkey was 2900 ha and 2000 tons in 2001, respectively. Seed coat, flower and pod colour and some pod characteristics were given Table 2. Pods were stringless in all genotypes, but stringiness occurred in fresh pods for all of them with delay in harvest time. A total of 100 pods randomly selected from those ten plants were measured in Most cowpea grown in Africa is … (7) Doganca, (8) Duragan, (9) Akkiz-86, (10) Karagoz-86, Means for some phenological and morphological characteristics BACKGROUND Cowpea is traditionally cultivated in some regions of southern Europe for its dried seeds; however, there is a scarcity of information on the quality and dietary characteristics of fresh pods, which are occasionally used in folk diets. and morphological characteristics, * and ** represent P<0.05 and P<0.01, respectively. G10 and Kirazlik1 can be recommended for fresh pod production as vegetable. In all production areas, crops intended for grain are sometimes cut for hay after poor pod set, or when the relative return for hay is higher than expected returns from grain i.e. Heavy pigmentation was the typical characteristic for Karagoz-86. Resistant to… $2.50. Cowpea: an overview on its nutritional facts and health benefits. The highest fresh pod yield per plant was in G10 genotype (110.23 g plant -1). Vigna or cowpea. Amount of cowpea production as a vegetable for fresh pods was 12000 tons for the same year. The black-eyed pea or black-eyed bean is a legume grown around the world for its medium-sized, edible bean. [4] reported that days to first pod setting MSTATC PROGRAM (Michigan State University) was used to carry out statistical analysis. 1998), fresh This paper aims at covering this gap in knowledge, thereby contributing to the dissemination of fresh cowpea pods as a novel product for the market. Affordable and search from millions of royalty free images, photos and vectors. Fried meat with cowpea. Pods are about 5.5 inches long, green at fresh stage and straw at dry stage. 12. 65-75 days to harvest. 1997; Ahenkora et al. The seeds can be consumed fresh along with the pods and leaves as a vegetable. For dried bean use, harvest about 80 days after seeds sprout. Postharvest behaviour and quality changes of green pods of cowpea ( However, Karagoz-86 and Akkiz-86 had some undesirable pod characteristics. first and last pod harvest were recorded. Cowpea field. [16] determined that number of pods per plant, number of picking, average pod weight and pod length had positively and significantly correlated with yield per plant. of days to first pod setting and pod harvest period. Impact of different rhizobial strains and reduced nitrogen supply on growth, yield and nutrient uptake in cowpea grown hydroponically. Sowing. Cowpea leaves are ready for harvest after 3 weeks. Cowpea is a warm-season legume, often characterized as an orphan or underutilized crop, with great future potential, particularly under the global change. Seedling salt tolerance for above ground-related traits in cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp). In order to select high yielding cowpea cultivars and to increase fresh pod yield, the pod harvest period, average pod weight and number of pods per plant should be taken into consideration. Drought stress effect on polyphenolic content and antioxidant capacity of cowpea pods and seeds, Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. Plant height, number of branches per plant, days to first pod setting, fresh pod harvest period, number of pods per plant, average pod weight, pod length, width, thickness, flesh thickness and seed coat, flower and pod colour were determined. Among cowpea cultivated material, a relatively large number of landraces can … Cowpea is a warm-season crop well adapted to many areas of the humid tropics and temperate zones. Fresh grains are used as a pea in some areas of West Africa, while fresh pods are used as vegetables mostly in Asia. Combined analysis of variance over years was performed. To dry: Allow the cowpeas to stay on the plants until they are partially dry. Cowpeas and lablab are best sown into a well-prepared, fallowed seedbed that has a good depth of subsoil moisture (at least 75 cm). Fresh black-eyed peas. the semi-humid tropics the cowpea provides more than half the plant protein in human diets, and it is a key staple for the poorest sectors of many devel­ oping countries (Rachie, 1985). Culture: After danger of frost has passed, sow seeds 2" apart, 1" deep in rows 36" apart. The highest fresh pod yield plant-1 (110.23 g plant-1) was recorded in G10 genotype. These results were in agreement with Jana et al.[15]. The following write-up details about Cowpea farming techniques, tips, ideas and cultivation practices.. Cowpea Farming. The quality and dietary characteristics of pods from 37 accessions (Vigna unguiculata ssp. (1) G10, (2) Kirazlik1, (3) Kirazlik2, (4) G18, (5) Igdir, (6) Dalbahce, Negative and highly significant (P<0.01) correlation was found between plant height and pod harvest period, while plant height negatively and significantly correlated with pod number per plant. Kirazlik1 had light purple flowers and the rest of the cowpea genotypes had purple flowers. cowpea genotypes, Pod shapes and lengths of cowpea genotypes used in the study. Cowpea is an annual herbaceous plant with a large tap root and alternate trifoliate leaves with ovate leaflets. Akkiz-86 had small pods ending conical section. Harvest time has a great effect on the occurrence of strings in fresh cowpea pods. Pods and beans.Vegetable plant.Popular Chinese food. Except for Peksen et al. Cowpea is an important grain legume in Africa, parts of the Americas and in Asia. 4.2 Treatment effects on yield and yield attributes of cowpea 18 4.2.1 Fresh and dry pod weights 18 4.2.2 Fresh and dry biomass weights at 50% pods formation 19 4.2.3 Plant population at harvest 21 4.2.4 Mean number of pods per plant at harvest 21 4.2.5 Grain yield 24 4.2.6 Fodder weight 24 4.2.7 Haulm weight 24 There were also large differences in the quality and dietary characteristics of the accessions. These are Sinop, Kastamonu and some villages of Samsun’s Carsamba district[4]. Seeds were Vigna unguiculata The rest of the genotypes had significantly lower number of branches per plant and there was no significant difference among them (Table 3). Cowpea Farming – A Step by Step Guide. They found that pods number per plant had the highest direct effect on pod yield per plant. The best time to harvest cowpea hay is when the seed pods have fully ripened. of 8-11 weeks. The close-up of cowpea field. ) in relation to storage temperature and plastic packaging Among cowpea cultivated material, a relatively large number of landraces can be found, maintaining species genetic diversity. is grown mainly in India and West Africa, but is also important in some areas of America and as green vegetable in the East Indies and China[1]. Additional keywords: degree-days, heritability, legumes, protein content, yield. 3 Cost and Return Analysis of Cowpea per hectare (fresh pods) 6 4 Cost and Return Analysis of Cowpea per hectare (seeds) 7 List of Figures Table No. Cowpea is widely grown in Aegean and Mediterranean regions of Turkey. Pod colour was yellowish-green in G10, while it was green in all of the other genotypes. © 2017 Society of Chemical Industry. Pods are initially green with purple tips, but eventually mature to tan when dry. Average pod weight was ranged from 2.06 g in Akkiz-86 and 8.15 g in G10. I grow black eyed peas in my garden. https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ajps.2004.269.273, The names and collection sites of cowpea genotypes in the In the U.S., the largest market class of cowpea harvested as dried seed is black-eyed pea and pink- eyed/purple hull southern pea. Karagoz-86 (81.92 g plant-1), Akkiz-86 (58.12 g plant-1) and Kirazlik1 (54.55 g plant-1). Maturity is considered medium. [12], most of current research is related to cowpea growing for dry seeds. Similar results have been reported by Kutty et al.[16]. between plants. Pick the leaves when you are sure to cook them within 3 days. . However, some cowpeas are harvested while the seed are high moisture, and sold fresh, typically referred to … Cowpea legume. In conclusion, the variations that exist in the studied accessions could give rise to a breeding program to develop cowpea cultivars with interesting agronomic traits. order to determine pod related characteristics. pods per plant, average pod weight, pod length, pod width, pod thickness, pod Cowpea genotypes having a long fresh pod harvest period gave high pod numbers and fresh pod yield per plant, when compared with those having a short harvest period short. Seed coat, flower and pod colours of genotypes were noted. 1. Introduction and Importance of Cowpea: Cowpea crop is a Kharif legume crop and is grown across India for seeds, green pods, animal fodder, and organic green manure. Add to Cart. The highest number of pods per plant was found in Karagoz-86, Akkiz-86 and Kirazlik1 and … Walp.) Fresh pods of Karagoz-86 cultivar were restricted and it had larger seeds and crowder pods. soil of experimental area was heavy clay, slightly acidic, without lime and Carolina Crowder Southern Pea (Cowpea), 14 g. Unavailable for 2021 63 days. Means showing significance statistically were compared using Least Significance Difference (LSD) Test at 0.05 or 0.01 probability level related to significance level of means. Plant height varied between 62.80 cm in Kirazlik2 and 120.90 cm in G10. Correlations between plant height and average pod weight, pod length, pod width and pod thickness were positive and significant (P<0.05) (Table 4). Fresh pod yield was obtained Although the lowest value for this variable was recorded in G10, the highest average pod weight (8.15 g), pod length (29.87 cm), pod width (5.83 mm) and pod thickness (6.92 mm) were also found in G10 genotype. The number of branches per plant was positively and significantly correlated with average pod weight and pod length. Leading vegetable cowpea producer provinces in Turkey are Izmir (3980 tons), Aydin (1967 tons), Manisa (1790 tons), Mugla (1242 tons), Hatay (1135 tons) and Balikesir (991 tons)[3]. The experimental design was a randomized complete block (RCBD) with three replications. This was followed by registered cowpea cv. Cowpea is one of the most ancient crops known to man. Stalks, asian food.Meat appetizer. Vural et al. It is now a broadly adapted and highly variable crop, cultivated around the world primarily for seed, but also as a vegetable (for leafy greens, green pods, fresh shelled green peas, and shelled dried peas), a cover crop and for fodder. Working off-campus? The highest number of branches per plant was determined in G10 (1.80) and Karagoz-86 (1.57). All the quality characteristics were independent of accession origin and subspecies. This was followed by Karagoz-86 (81.92 g plant-1), Akkiz-86 (58.12 g plant-1) and Kirazlik1 (54.55 g plant-1). Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. Learn about our remote access options, Department of Crop Science, Agricultural University of Athens, Athens, Greece, Department of Plant Production, Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena, Cartagena, Spain, Centre for the Research and Technology of Agro‐Environmental and Biological Sciences, University of Trás‐os‐Montes and Alto Douro, Vila Real, Portugal. These are mainly cultivated for their dry seeds as human food. Positive and significant correlations were found between fresh pod yield per plant and number of branches per plant, pod thickness (Table 4). Green pod colour for vegetable purpose are preferred by consumers. The highest number of pods per plant was found in Karagoz-86, Akkiz-86 and Kirazlik1 and they were highly significantly higher than others. [14] informed that the pod harvest period for cowpea is 5-9 weeks, depending on ecological conditions. sesquipedalis) grown in southern Europe were assessed in an attempt to provide information on pod quality and nutritional properties and to identify relationships between quality traits and accession origin. Cocoyam growth and yield parameters assessed included plant height, leaf area index (LAI), number of corms, corm weight and corm yield while cowpea parameters evaluated were plant height, shoot and root dry weights, number of pods/plant, fresh pod weight, fresh pod yield, number of seeds/pod, 100 seeds weight and seed yield. long, cylindrical and generally somewhat curved. The traditional cowpea populations grown in Cy­ prus are used as multi-purpose crop, namely for the production of green pods, green immature seeds and dry mature seeds. Currently, there are two registered cowpea cultivars, namely Akkiz-86 and Karagoz-86, in Turkey. Mean values of cowpea genotypes varied between 10.90-29.87 cm for pod length (Fig. The correlations between fresh pod yield per plant and investigated characteristics were also examined. Item #16107. Use fresh or dried. It shows considerable diversity in growth habit, flower and seed coat colour. Enter your email address below and we will send you your username, If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to retrieve your username, By continuing to browse this site, you agree to its use of cookies as described in our, orcid.org/http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0033-3417, orcid.org/http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6740-9220, I have read and accept the Wiley Online Library Terms and Conditions of Use. flesh thickness and fresh pod yield per plant were determined in ten plants and fresh pod yield in cowpea genotypes, Simple linear correlations among fresh pod yield, some phenological A goal of this project is to develop additional cowpea cultivars for deer forage. Cowpea is traditionally cultivated in some regions of southern Europe for its dried seeds; however, there is a scarcity of information on the quality and dietary characteristics of fresh pods, which are occasionally used in folk diets. 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