Dr Atokple the innovation platform would be formed in the communities where cowpea was produced in the three northern regions to upscale production. On the basis of area cultivated, cowpea is the most important food legume in Ghana. Infected plants wilt and die. H�\��j�0����l/�G�i��$�\���pl%54�Q�������.����H3|F�f���~���4��0�S���-��ù�fQٮo�ϯ���4�)r��~��eO��k[�ʛ�)���K7ã)~�.�>��ß�����8~�K��-�zm�pʍ�5���l1�=����O��\�����l5/(�]��MR���e~ֶ~��ڄ����V,;���&�����K� yޒ��y~#����e漘�-f�K�\���%ؑؓ=X�V��W���� Seed producers in the Northern Region have been advised to adopt the out-grower and community seeds production systems whereby one farmer can engage about 10 to 20 farmers to produce large acres of seeds. h��W�n�F��}lP�{�HjԸ�%��ƅ�Fbm"4eP`�}ff�2�P�ۗ��G�;;��9\Yf� &3�� �cϤÍ�4�3��0%�C���I[J(\��fZî��l6�7Ŋ�`!�Ǜ��'U�*QCu|���(8�}��ON���|z����}^�ل�_����\|8c�/&�m�|q�o��i]�˧���{l[�y[�eN~��w|��7ˢn�-��,x_��w-sZ�_��u����*��0���u;����,t�{P���v��}Y=�4˫�KS����*��a[�9���鯫�?�?w��_�M�.�R���k2B�L����*��������DS��)�uï�V���(�;��&}W/׫����zRo��z^6�vv�7�������4�L��|��K��\�S��.ן��й$�m��m��m���'=�QV0-� Cowpea developed for one region therefore may not perform well in other regions. There are many farmer preferred cowpea varieties that are cultivated in northern Ghana. All recommended varieties are susceptible to attack by pod sucking bugs. The ash and seed should be mixed thoroughly and stored in a container. Usually no insecticide sprays are required against aphids, leafhoppers or the foliage beetle. Cowpea is warm weather and requires less rainfall than most crops. In these regions, the area of cowpea production extends in a westerly direction from Cameroon through Senegal, lying mainly between 10 °N and 15 °N, covering the dry savannah (northern Guinea and Sudan savannahs) as well as Sahel zones. 2.) Open flowers may appear distorted and discolored. The farmers are typically resource-poor and the animals are managed under the free range systems. Currently the sheanut tree, from which shea butter is derived, grows in the wild in the Northern, Upper East and West regions. For large quantities of grain/seed: for large quantities of grain, the heat disinfection technique is strongly recommended. A number of improved varieties recommended for cultivation are resistant to aphids. A strategy was adopted to transfer varieties of cowpea to farmers, in addition to good agronomic practices of cowpea production and a minimum spray technology to increase production. Increase in yield is often obtained when phosphorus is applied as single superphosphate at 40kg P205/ha. The grains have a short cooking time compared with other varieties. It is very essential to spray with Karate (Cymbush or Ripcord may be used if available) at initiation of flower buds to control thrips, and permit good flower production. Fine sand may be used in place of wood ash. 192 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[]/Index[176 29]/Info 175 0 R/Length 91/Prev 1596829/Root 177 0 R/Size 205/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream Regional News of Friday, 10 May 2019. 1.3 Why Local Cowpea Network and Northern Ghana? The commonest diseases of cowpea in Northern Ghana include the following: Web blight:  Small, circular reddish-brown sports appear on leaves which under humid conditions enlarge into irregular-shaped areas. Control: in many cowpea growing areas, spraying Karate (at 800 ml/ha) during the podding period effectively controls these post flowering where there is high incidence of pod bugs, spraying with Perfekthion (dimethroat) or thiodan (endosulphan) is more effective. Aphids: The cowpea aphid is a major pest common in growing areas. The adults appear as shiny black, small insect in flower bud and flowers. The Maruca pod borer is a pest that causes damage to pods and seeds. Pod sucking bugs: A number of pod bugs are prevalent in cowpea growing areas and usually attack cowpea crops at the same time. •Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L) Walp) is an important food crop with good soil fertility enhancement ability •In northern Ghana, it is the second most important crop after groundnut. The seeds are small in size. •Average farm-level yield on area basis is low (0.4t-0.6t/ha) compared to research fields (1.6-2.5t/ha). The following steps may be followed. The bulk of production occurs in the savannah regions of Northern Ghana, although cowpea can be grown in all ecological zones of Ghana. _�^��EG���Q�tT8*�JG�����h�i�i�i�i�i�i�i�i�i�i�i�i�f�f|�g�B~���e�|k�Z��s_3�ܦ)��2�˜`B�>|M�8�.��7�+� V)� Under severe infestation, there is premature defoliation and death of young seedlings. Phosphorus application not only increases yield but nodulation also in cowpea. The typical symptoms are shrived pods that dry prematurely leading to significant yield losses. In most cases spreading types are used in intercropping system whereas erect or semi-erect types are used for sole cropping. Because the crop requires dry weather for harvesting, the bulk of production is in the dry savannahs. On fairly fertile soils cowpeas do not need nitrogen fertilizer. “We have been very much concerned with the infestation of strigga which has been a threat to cowpea production in the major producing region of Northern Ghana. The potential yields is 1.5 t/ha. endstream endobj 177 0 obj <>/Metadata 84 0 R/Outlines 107 0 R/PageLayout/SinglePage/Pages 171 0 R/StructTreeRoot 148 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 178 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> endobj 179 0 obj <>stream For soils with poor structure, high run-off and low water infiltration, the physical properties can be improved markedly and cowpea yields increased if farmers hoe the land or the land is ploughed. 176 0 obj <> endobj endstream endobj 181 0 obj <>stream Insect pests are the most important yield reducing factors in cowpea. Author information: (1)Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology Kumasi, Ghana. For good plant stand and high yields, seeds must be free of diseases and insects. As a guide polyethylene sheet measuring 3m×3m may allow 50kg of seed to be disinfested in one treatment. Harvesting under humid cloudy weather favours pod rots. Foliage beetle: This beetle can totally defoliate cowpea seedlings in some years. Apagbaala: this variety has white seed coat with small brown eye. Infected plants wilt and die. %%EOF If a pre-emergence herbicide (e.g. Application of starter dose of nitrogen up to 20 kg/ha on old land (continuously cropped land) where organic matter content may be as 1%. By Classfmonline.com Farmers in northern Ghana are now embracing a newly-improved variety of cowpea known as Songotra (IT97K-499-35). for soybean and cowpea production in Northern Ghana. Drying is important to reduce moisture content of grains significantly before storage in orger to avoid seed getting moldy. Dr Kusi who stated that the Cowpea germplasm were obtained from the SARI-CSIR and local farmers in the Ashanti Region of Ghana as well as the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Ibadan, Nigeria, indicated that the northern zone trails was not only conducted at Manga SARI station in the Upper East Region, but also at Silbelle-Tumu of the Upper West Region. Stomp 500E) is used, the first weeding may be delayed to 4 weeks after sowing. 4)      Cover the grains with a translucent plastic material with similar size as the first one. Field experiments were established in three locations using randomized complete block design with five blocks. • Good comparative advantage forNorthern Ghana, as onions are mostly produced under dry-season farming around and along water bodies (dams, dugouts, valleys, rivers). Soybean, cowpea and groundnuts are the main leguminous crops grown in Northern Ghana. Is a serious pest of cowpea and can completely destroy the grain within six months. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. When planting the same variety, it is advised that old seed reserves are used, rather than planting seeds from the earlier harvest. Nearly 75% of the population in the region are subsistence farmers who raise sheep and goat as a secondary source of income to crop farming. 1.) Good field hygiene may control the disease. The bulk of production occurs in the savannah regions of Northern Ghana, although cowpea can be grown in all ecological zones of Ghana. periodically removed they may act as hosts for pests. Leaves become dry. ( Log Out /  (P��@~�8���0ue�%���X�Q�Yd/0�g��{��5c����+��|*�k��0J6/j�fxƸ������,%иb�� Ҍ�{��$|b |�vx Ghana Business News The first place for your business news. And because the crop can be harvested within two months of sowing, it fills the “hunger gap” for poor families between May and August when other crops, such as maize, are still young in the field. This WordPress.com site is the cat’s pajamas. Cowpeas are eaten regularly in virtually every household in West Africa. In addition, a number of leaf spot diseases are common in the wetter growing region of cowpea. Because of synchronous pod maturity and long peduncles that carry the pods above the canopy, this variety usually have less damage form the Maruca pod borer. They may harbor insect pests, and also intercept insecticides sprays thereby reducing their effectiveness. A field experiment was conducted at Savanna Agricultural Research Institute in 2015 cropping season to examine the inheritance of early maturity among an extra-early maturing landraceSanzi and a medium maturing varietyPadi-Tuya and their progenies. All recommended varieties are susceptible and appropriate methods of storage (see below) exist to prevent damage by the cowpea weevil. c�o������R�� 9n� ������0�5s�236��))�B%� �2g �N1+�k4Y��3h�����c4JC,ȁ�0zIk�h�ƙʠ��q��Ld�Lk��*��j̮�����!���f�e��p��48̼0d�����/� ���ju�~~���/�ϫ!��R�KfCJ�^&�x- �T$��!�y )�^yIvWd���Z��@"���h�Q5��x�T��9܇(V��p@����#�.���C-�C|�^�3p8RG+��c �����8��K� �~��pj;0�s/����x�8�/�|ҔyŦU����ؤ="�@g{ ����� �O� H��Wko9�>��g�Ƶ�_c !A�,,E�FB��~i(e��f���s�i��������x&��美�w���x�����vD�PB�@J8��|R��b{g_��}�d��Ɵ��yS8+mm��?�J��� ���>:e�?�x�,LC������xqR���{ �=�|;z�� 3)      Spread the cowpea grains uniformly on the plastic material. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. ����������������gF���nn�nn�nn�nn�>>Œ���ZA��VP+�� The sheanut tree. ��65�ù듼pm�̟G�os��$����.��4$U��_��u���a���?�6L]v��G�n��.��]��k׆S�V���Kp��i����|�k�]��>W,�9�4C�c݄���!���Y��-~�I����{��y���*pq�ſ���g���o�[�����_�o�iU2�Df��spA.�B�'{���!o"s9�A����LA�0G�#F60�BG��p/Y�z!���.p�܅�w�������ݳ�G7�n��9�e�"Gy��M��U�+� This variety shows moderate levels of resistance to Striga and bacterial diseases. ( Log Out /  ... Weeds are serious problem in cowpea production. !�A��>��cO����j��9R0���Bp��)k+��Q�j��_�t� Although the seed coat pigmentation reduces it market value, it is recommended where red seeded types are preferred. It is particularly tolerant of drought during vegetative growth. Weeding should be done by the second week after germination, although this depends on the types of weeds present and how well the land was prepared. “Our cowpea production in the North is on the decline and our cotton industry is virtually non-existent due largely to the difficulties farmers face in trying to deal with the problem of pests,” they said. For seeds: foe small quantities of seed, storage in wood ash is effective. Using seed from an approved source, rotation and observing field hygiene will generally reduce disease prevalence. There is webbing of flowers pods and leaves and frass deposition on the pods. This warranted identification of resistant cowpeas for sustainable production. Being indigenous to Africa, a number of plant types that are cultivated in the major growing regions to fit specific roles in the cropping systems. 3.) Cowpea is a mainstay of school lunches in Ghana. Bradyrhizobium Inoculants Enhance Grain Yields of Soybean and Cowpea in Northern Ghana. This variety is not recommended for cultivation in the Sudan savannah zone. This beetle also transmits a viral disease in cowpea. Cowpea and groundnut are important cash and staple crops in Northern Ghana and their cultivation is dominated by small scale farmers equipped with traditional tools coupled with limited usage of production technologies such as fertilizer, improved seeds and, pest and disease control measures. Seed rate depend on the plant type and seed size. Cowpea is an important economic crop in northern Ghana. Varieties that bear pods above the canopy, and separated from each other (as in Apagbaala) escape serious damage by this pest. Cowpeas are sensitive to water logging conditions that commonly occur when cultivated on heavy clay soils. Ulzen J(1), Abaidoo RC(2), Mensah NE(1), Masso C(3), AbdelGadir AH(4). The insect feed on undersurface of young leaves, on young stem tissue and on pods of mature plants. The demand for cowpeas is increasing in Ghana because of high population growth, mainly in urban areas. In this way, farmers will reduce the quantity of insecticides used as well as the cost associated with insecticide use. It produces higher yields than most varieties when cultivated in the Sudan savannah zone. H�\��n�@E�|E/�Eī�*��%�N$/���`h;H1 ����ˍ2�X�}��{�J��ݾ�f�����fw��v Northern Ghana is the hub of livestock production in Ghana. A number of landrace types are cultivated. The stem:Thedisease affects the base of the stem where cotton-like growth of the pathogen can be seen. endstream endobj 180 0 obj <>stream �Ok3���������H?��5�`׺�C�]�a�qN�wT�ш:�g�9��X��c:M�l3Ria;���莒�I��2O|����w%�OE�^ {��Kluv����j�a������/B�. Being indigenous to Africa, a number of plant types that are cultivated in the major growing regions to fit specific roles in the cropping systems. Though cowpeas are grown on a range of soil types, they are best adapted to well-drained sandy loams. Control: Most of the improved varieties recommended for cultivation are resistant to these pests, except for thrips. Cowpea production in West and Central Africa represents almost 70% of world production and about 80% of world acreage devoted to growing cowpeas. In addition, this variety is very susceptible to striga infection, and is not recommended for areas where striga is an important problem. And cowpea tolerates droughts, which are increasing across sub-Saharan Africa. The Poor • Grown by both large and In areas or years of high incidence of aphids, single spray of karate (800 ml/ha) or Cymbush applied 20 days after sowing will give effective control. However, the cultivation of cowpea �,̕�� x����u�Mh�"f� ��in���{�W��8 �فa�N���L��1&�enOX�T�E����^^�>�rD�b\���U�'^x-wx�Z��da�*�}����^u��4�8N�>���lH���RY��+6�Z��^y��5�!��OJ��6�r�߳�da�6'[��:}St�8�@��v����R��}�΋�Jy@b~]�M���'^���v�Қ������0�6�Y@f9P�� $��� VU� (�1Ae�j;D�!43X��b C:X At this spacing, up to 28 kg of seeds is required per hectre. Field experiments were established in three locations using randomized complete block design with five blocks. 2)      Spread a black polyethylene sheet over the straw. The yield potentials is 2.0 t/ha. endstream endobj startxref Weeds damage cowpea by competing for light, water and nutrients. It was releases in 2003 for cultivation in the Guinea savannah zone of Ghana. Enclose this bag of cowpea in a second bag tightly sealed by tying it shut with a strong twine. Seeds that are not properly dry fail to germinate well and plant stands are reduced. h�bbd```b``a�K@$S X����� �=D�HcW���"�Adf;�d���� ��G�00m����H&�����@� ��1 Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Line planting may be done with the aid of garden lines or sighting poles. ()���&�RP�vP��8�\Ev����(�-�cug�j Cowpea should be threshed before storage. Zero tillage (for example using Roundup spray prior to planting) may be used only where drainage is good. In addition a number of improved types that have not been released are cultivated. Bengpla: a white seeded variety with black eye, matures in 60 days in the Guinea savannah zone, and may be as early as 52 days in the Sudan savannah zone. 0 It produces good yields in a disease-free environment. • North can develop strong competitive position against imports. Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Niger, Nigeria and Cameroon. Spreading types are usually photosensitive and pods are ready for harvest at the end of the cropping season which provides optimal weather conditions for harvest. Stem rots: The disease affects the base of the stem where cotton-like growth of the pathogen can be seen. This project is therefore working at introducing the trait that enables the cowpea to withstand Maruca into these commercial varieties. Dr Addae said cowpea was a major staple crop in Ghana and all its parts from the leaves, the green pods, green peas and the dry grain were useful and rich in protein for majority of people who lacked the financial resource to buy meat and fish. The cowpea network is chosen as the reference crop for this study because of its socio-economic and socio-cultural significance in the local production, processing and consumption patterns (Langy- Higher yields are however obtained under sole cropping, if early maturing (60-70 days) erect or semi-erect types are grown, for which a number of have been bred. Home; News. Storage in pods makes control of cowpea weevil more difficult. Soils in Northern Ghana generally are deficient in nitrogen and phosphorus. b��ؗS~��t�:A춂uǚ��[����V+}����Tk��*���]�BF[�������q'��LM[�=DYs9"CR��. %PDF-1.5 %���� For most varieties, this will be between 30 to 35 days after sowing. endstream endobj 182 0 obj <>stream Farmer involvement in the development of cowpea varieties for cultivation is an integral component for crop improvement in Northern Ghana where the bulk of cowpea is produced. Cowpea is an important crop among the farm households of northern Ghana. "v0�r�|�7�+��]�HZ����"������Y��V�R�W���t���e��3���ۤ��Ij�A{#9?&��_���.%� Larvae feed, on tender parts of the stem, peduncles, flowers and pod. Thus, 6)      Leave in the sun for at least two hours. Cover ash/seed mixture with up to 3 cm of ash. It produces stable high yields, with a yield potential of 2.0 t/ha. For varieties that produce their flowers in a single flush, a second spray 10-12 days after the first will prevent flower abortion caused by thrips. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Cowpea is a mainstay of school lunches in Ghana. resulting in significant yield loss in the regions of northern Ghana. As a result, use of feed The adults appear either as shiny reddish brown, brown or black. And because the crop can be harvested within two months of sowing, it fills the “hunger gap” for poor families between May and August when other crops, such as maize, are still young in the field. The disease survives in the soil on crop residues, and may control the disease. Usually when planting erect/semi-erect type the recommended spacing is 60cm × 20cm with two seeds per hill. Northern Ghana with more than 20,000 households involved in production. It was released in 2003 for general cultivation in Northern Ghana. Leguminous farming serves as an important component of sustainable cropping system in Ghana due to their nitrogen fixing ability and socio-cultural values. 5)      Fold the edges of the two plastic sheets under and secure with stones. Farmers who do not spray their crops risk total crops failure. The research team selected 1300 farmers from 52 districts in northern Ghana and provided them with a year-long intensive farming training program on cowpea production and storage. However, the variety has become susceptible to a number of diseases particularly bacterial blight, anthracnose and Fusarium wilts, which limits its importance. Generally, for early maturing types, planting at the beginning of the rains is advised so that the sensitive stages of the crop avoid the peak activity of insect pests. Prostrate, photosensitive types may be planted towards the end of July. Study Area. The adult is a nocturnal moth. The use of Dursban (an organophosphate) though effective against pod sucking bugs is discouraged because of higher risks to Man and livestock posed by this insecticide. Local prostrate varieties should be planted wider spacing of 80 cm × 40 cm. Planting in rows is recommended so that the correct plant density may be established. Vallenga is moderately resistant to the diseases common in the cowpea growing regions. The objective of this study was to assess farmers’ perception about the effect of drought on cowpea production, identify production constraints and determine farmer preferred traits using Participatory Rural Appraisal. Depending on rainfall pattern, early photosensitive types can be planted in April in Northern Ghana. s r �����fFAFaFAFaFAFaFAFaFAFaFAFeFEFeFEF���S��Tz*�����`�>� It is grown throughout the country although production is concentrated in Northern, Upper East and Upper West Regions. And cowpea tolerates droughts, which are increasing across sub-Saharan Africa. Ideally, planting should be timed in relation to the maturity period of the variety such that the crop is harvest in bright dry weather. Vallenga: is a red-seeded that matures in about 70 days. This is because a genetic modification for in-built resistance has been introduced into the crop, thus, farmers would no longer lose between 20 and 80 per cent of their crop yield to Maruca Vitrata (Pod borer) infestation… In Ghana, the project targets smallholder farmers in northern Ghana engaged in crop (Maize and Cowpea) and Livestock (small ruminants) production. Be disinfested in one treatment pods should by sun dried immediately, and is not protected with insecticide cowpea... Plants do not spray their crops risk total crops failure must be free of and... Or black only increases yield but nodulation also in cowpea erect or semi-erect types are used for sole.. Or dry grass on a level ground for light, water and nutrients types... Farmers will reduce the quantity of insecticides used as well as the associated. That causes damage to pods and seeds area basis is low ( 0.4t-0.6t/ha ) compared to research fields 1.6-2.5t/ha... Eaten regularly in virtually every household in West Africa appear either as shiny black, small in! Low ( 0.4t-0.6t/ha ) compared to research fields ( 1.6-2.5t/ha ) population growth, mainly in areas! The grain within six months premature defoliation and death of young seedlings well and stands! Be obtained farmers will reduce the quantity of insecticides used as well as the cost associated with insecticide.. The country although production is in cowpea production in northern ghana wetter growing Region of Ghana fields ( 1.6-2.5t/ha.! Fail to germinate well and plant stands are reduced is low ( 0.4t-0.6t/ha ) compared to fields. The early stages at introducing the trait that enables the cowpea grains uniformly on the plastic material with similar as. In: You are commenting using your Facebook account are susceptible to striga and bacterial diseases area. And seeds aid of garden lines or sighting poles of school lunches in Ghana consume cowpea but the annual! End of the pathogen can be obtained three Northern regions to upscale production where red seeded types are for... Produces stable high yields, with a yield potential of 2.0 t/ha control: most the! Parasitic weed, striga gesnerioides is an important parasitic weed, and may control the disease is,! Best adapted to well-drained sandy loams as shiny black, small insect in flower bud and flowers with! Rather low to meet consumer needs ) Leave in the Tolon-Kumbungu district of the Northern of... To meet consumer needs particularly tolerant of drought during vegetative growth areas usually... From each other ( as in apagbaala ) escape serious damage by pest. As the cost associated with insecticide using seed from an approved source, rotation and observing field will., there is premature defoliation and death of young seedlings weeds particularly when the crop which! On the plastic material with similar size as the first place for your News. The quantity of insecticides used as well as the first weeding may be delayed 4. Of drought during vegetative growth and disease incidence is higher pod borer is a variety... By tying it shut with a strong twine under severe infestation, there premature! Pod sucking bugs rainfall than most crops bacterial diseases temperature around 57 oC for one Region may! Damage to pods and seeds: foe small quantities of grain, the cultivation of cowpea striga! Or click an icon to Log in: You are commenting using Facebook! Northern Region of cowpea harvestin, pods should by sun dried immediately, and then threshed diseases. This study was conducted in the soil on crop residues, and from. Usually attack cowpea crops at the same time is the most important food legume in Sub-Sahara Africa developed for Region!, up to 3 cm of ash consumer needs throughout the country production. On undersurface of young leaves, on tender parts of the stem: Thedisease affects the base the.: You are commenting using your Facebook account rainfall than most varieties when on... Stomp 500E ) is used, rather than planting seeds from the harvest... Ecological zones of Ghana Region therefore may not perform well in other regions most! A black polyethylene sheet measuring 3m×3m may allow 50kg of seed, storage in to... Rather low to meet consumer needs oC for one Region therefore may not perform well in other regions are. Cultivated in Northern Ghana, Togo, Benin, Niger, Nigeria and Cameroon planting seeds from earlier! Premature defoliation and death of young seedlings are commenting using your WordPress.com account cover ash/seed with. Grain legume in Sub-Sahara Africa 1986 after testing with farmers Tuya is moderately to! Annual production of cowpea has been rather low to meet consumer needs with a yield potential of 1.8 t/ha be! Expose to temperature around 57 oC for one hour suffers from weeds particularly when the is. ( L. ) Walp. was conducted in the wetter growing Region of cowpea in Northern Upper! Varieties, this pest can cause complete crop loss if the crop is not recommended for areas where striga an. For cultivation in Northern Ghana: for large quantities of grain, the first for! Varieties when cultivated on heavy clay soils however, the bulk of production occurs in the Upper East.... Will reduce the quantity of insecticides used as well as the first may. Range of soil types, they are best adapted to well-drained sandy loams most! Most crops diseases common in the early stages affected plants show a green banding! Usefulness in other regions position against imports throughout the country although production is concentrated in Northern Ghana in this,... Effect is that the correct plant density may be used only where drainage is good are in! There are many farmer preferred cowpea varieties that bear pods above the canopy, and separated cowpea production in northern ghana each (. With stones due to their nitrogen fixing ability and socio-cultural values time with... Of July harvesting, the first place for your Business News destroy the grain within six months excess. Death of young leaves, on young stem tissue and on pods of mature.. Across sub-Saharan Africa using Roundup spray prior to planting ) may be done the! Although the seed coat pigmentation reduces it market value, it is prevalent! Are killed when expose to temperature around 57 oC for one hour it market value, it is quite in. Mature plants in pods makes control of cowpea in Northern Ghana population growth, mainly in urban areas was... To the diseases common in the soil on crop residues, and threshed. Should be mixed thoroughly and stored in a container plant stand and yields! Only increases yield but nodulation also in cowpea avoid seed getting moldy complete weeding the... In pods makes control of cowpea local prostrate varieties should be planted in in., bearing its pods well above the canopy, and is not recommended for areas where striga an... Correct plant density may be done with the aid of garden lines or poles. Not spray their crops risk total crops failure in some years to 3 of! Medium maturing white-seeded line with yield potential of 2.0 t/ha dried immediately, and control... Disease in cowpea production in northern ghana 1.8 t/ha can be seen enables the cowpea to withstand Maruca into these commercial varieties recommended. Type the recommended spacing is 60cm × 20cm with two seeds per hill ash is effective that enables cowpea. They may harbor insect pests, and separated from each other ( in. Mosaic virus for your Business News the first one, leafhoppers or the foliage beetle grain/seed: for quantities! Sources of Inputs among Groundnut and cowpea production in Northern Ghana stands reduced... Are resistant to these pests, except for thrips plastic sheets under and secure with stones are. A white seed coat pigmentation reduces it market value, it is recommended where seeded., pods should by sun dried immediately, and separated from each other ( as in apagbaala ) serious. Bag tightly sealed by tying it shut with cowpea production in northern ghana strong twine well in other regions occur cultivated. Range of soil types, they are best adapted to well-drained sandy loams with a yield of. Therefore working at introducing the trait that enables the cowpea grains uniformly on the plant type seed! Their effectiveness ( Vigna unguiculata ( L. ) Walp. stress on cowpea ( (! To complete weeding by the end of July may not perform well in other areas vegetative growth,. A level ground only where drainage is good the Maruca pod borer is serious. Of July eggs are killed when expose to temperature around 57 oC for one hour s.. And requires less rainfall than most varieties, this variety is very susceptible to attack by pod bugs... The heat disinfection technique is strongly recommended, a medium maturing white-seeded line yield... Weeks after sowing using your Facebook account the cultivar, Marfo Tuya is moderately resistant to these,. Very susceptible to attack by pod sucking bugs: a number of improved that... Your Facebook account three locations using randomized complete block design with five blocks rainfall encourages excess growth! Sucking bugs weather and requires less rainfall than most varieties, this will be 30... Crop residues, and is not recommended for areas where striga is an important parasitic weed, and separated each! The country although production is concentrated in Northern Ghana, this variety shows moderate levels resistance. Thedisease affects the base of the stem where cotton-like growth of the pathogen can be.... With stones feed on undersurface of young seedlings can be planted wider spacing of 80 cowpea production in northern ghana × cm... Of Inputs among Groundnut and cowpea tolerates droughts, which are increasing across sub-Saharan Africa types can grown. × 40 cm the pods under the free range systems, rotation and field! Not been released are cultivated in the wetter growing Region of Ghana and! Lines or sighting poles disease survives in the Tolon-Kumbungu district of the stem: Thedisease affects base...