weaknesses in teaching social studies in the philippines

motivate the students, make teaching more fun, and allows variation in teaching. In the name of imperialist globalization, the state — in an incremental fashion — is abandoning its role to subsidize public education particularly in the tertiary level. The study employed a typical case analysis of a selected cluster of Social Studies teachers, among the five city divisions in Cebu, who attended the Grade 9 Mass Training for Social Studies in summer, 2014. There are numerous questions concerning the issues and problems existing in the Philippine Educational System as to how we can resolve it the best way we could to attain that kind of quality of education we have been searching and longing for. Fortunately, social studies is a pretty all inclusive subject. Download. The curriculum is specifically designed to produce a total person, and not only a technical specialist. Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats (SWOT) Analysis: A template for addressing the social dimension in the study of socio-scientific issues Tasos Hovardas, Ph.D. A U T H O R I N F O A B S T R A C T Tasos Hovardas is an Adjunct Lecturer at the Department of Primary Education, University of Thessaly, Greece, and at the Colonial historiography. Government officials and other advocates who are so insistent in adding two more years in the school cycle should thus join the clamor for higher wages and the regulation of prices of basic commodities and services, push for the expansion and institutionalization of student financial support systems and scholarships, and more importantly, fight for greater state subsidy to education at all levels. The STAR interview response technique is a way to use stories and anecdotes from your life to illustrate traits that are in demand in the position for which you are applying. Apart from the much debated political, social and psychological aspects, this ongoing mass emigration constitutes an unparalleled brain drain with serious economic implications.Arguably, the phenomenon also has an educational dimension, as the Philippine society is footing the bill for the education of millions of people, who then spend the better part of their productive years abroad. %PDF-1.7 Provincial examinations in all subjects including social studies contain many if not most elements of standardized tests.4 Whatever benefits such tests have in determining student acquisition of basic facts and simple skills, they do not set a standard as to what students should be able to do. The Internet can e.g. This case is true for both undergraduate and graduate studies. tests in social studies at a number of grade levels. The system, methodology, and even content of education in the Philippines are mere haphazard transplantation from the West. Women are marginalized and trivialized even in language of education. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy, Don’t waste Your Time Searching For a Sample, Achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (Mdgs) for Education in Ethiopia, Indigenization of psychology in the Philippines, 21st Century Technologies and Their Relationship to Student Achievement, occupational health and safety in the workplace. It is therefore Eurocentric, culturally insensitive, and non-reflective of the local milieu. Modern education has ushered in learner-centered approach to education (from being the sage in the stage to just a guide on the side). Trends in K-12 Social Studies. 8555 16th St, Suite 500 • Silver Spring, MD 20910 301-588-1800 • 800-296-7840 • fax 301-588-2049 Thus, materials such as pictures, charts, tools, drawings, maps, Even as public elementary and high school education continues to be free under the new system, other expenses such as transportation, allowance, food, school projects and other school expenses would still burden families and take up a significant portion of the family budget. ERIC Digest. tests in social studies at a number of grade levels. In Grades 7 and 8, TLE subjects are exploratory, which means that the learner is given the opportunity to learn 5 basic competencies: In Grade 9, the learner chooses one course to specialize in from among the exploratory courses and in Grade 10, he/she pursues the TLE specialization that he/she has chosen in the previous grade in order for him/her to obtain at least a National Certificate Level I or Level II. x���wTS��Ͻ7�P����khRH �H�. In social studies—and indeed in any subject—a major hurdle in overcoming this kind of bias is getting students to buy into what the teacher is conveying. The committee found that all levels of science instruction, elementary, secondary and tertiary had in common the following weaknesses and a lack of: 1. Adequate equipment and facilities in the laboratories 2. The social sciences in the Philippines face a number of dilemmas at this important time in their history. The program is laddered on to the Diploma program. But, it can also have very rewarding results for your students when done with fidelity. information and an important additional teaching tool. Pires, Edward A. Some educators in the name of conservatism and for the sake of convenience, prefer the old-style teaching paradigm where they view themselves as the fountain of knowledge and their students as nothing but empty vessels to be filled up (banking method of education). However, the present economic orientation of the country shows that tech-voc courses supply either the demands abroad or the pool of skilled reserve labor servicing multinational firms which take advantage of the country’s cheap skilled labor. RBEC Time Allotment Secondary School Curriculum Subjects Allotted Time/ Week Unit Credit English 300 min 1.5 Filipino 240 min 1.2 Mathematics 300 min 1.5 Science 400 min 1.8 MAKABAYAN * Social Studies 240 min 1.2 * TLE (Technology & Livelihood Education) 240 min 1.2 * MAPEH 240 min 1.2 * Values Education 120 min 0.6 CAT 35 hrs/yr 0.3 It is not that difficult to understand why, despite the additional costs the program would entail, the public generally appears to take President Benigno Aquino III’s K to 12 basic education program sitting down. Follow links to the social sciences Best Evidence Synthesis, and discover a range of effective teaching strategies for the social sciences. Categories: Education Issues Philippines. social sciences and humanities drawing from various disciplines such as anthropology, archaeology, economics, This goal is in contrast to the lofty goals of social studies in geography, history, law, … Get a verified expert to help you with Problems and Issues in Philippine Education, Are You on a Short Deadline? you The K to 12 is marketed as a program wherein the student is given the option to pursue different paths upon graduation: employment, entrepreneurship, and higher education. Arthur Ellis illustrates these three approaches within the fifth … Duration of BSEd in Social Studies in the Philippines The BSEd in Social Studies in program takes 4 years to complete. weak conceptualization and articulation of social studies as a discipline under the said curriculum. Most of the past and present teachers, book authors, and Social Studies consultants pay more attention to the history of the colonizers in the Philippines, and not to the history of Filipinos. Positive attributes, taken to an extreme, can become weaknesses in the classroom. (2016, Apr 11). Social Studies Education: Is There A Best Method?An Exploration of the Learner-Centered, Society-Centered, and Knowledge-Centered Approaches Within our EDU 4400 Social Studies Methods class, we have discussed three unique approaches to teaching social studies: student-centered, society-centered and knowledge-centered. Four major drawbacks of the use of the Internet were reported by the teachers, viz. This explains why we also have Philosophy, Languages, Humanities, Natural Science, Social Science, Physical Education and even Theology in our college curriculum, and not only our major subjects. Mostly, this has been the case in the teaching of History subjects from the elementary to tertiary levels and will most likely perpetuate in the next generations to come. Lastly, any educational reform almost always appeals to many especially since there is a general consensus that our present state of education is in disarray. Women, the common tao and the indigenous people are almost historically excluded from the Philippine historiography in favor of the men, heroes from Luzon and the power elite. Take the case of the Asya: Noon at Ngayon with an identified total number of more than 400 historical errors. With the government systematically and aggressively promoting the export of labor and the dependence on external sources of jobs and economic growth through its economic policies, it can be expected that majority of the jobs and fields of learning that the students would be pursuing are those that are in tune with the demands of global market — call center jobs, technical-vocational jobs abroad, etc. This comparative study was undertaken to analyze the strengths and weaknesses of the social studies programs in the training of primary school teachers in the Asian countries. Alarmingly, the country is having an over-supply already. Learning and teaching approaches The old adage ‘if all you have is a hammer, everything looks like a nail’ is equally true of teaching strategies. In sum, 281 secondary social studies teachers from across the United States completed a 35-question Likert-style survey regarding their teaching practices. The House Committee on Basic Education claims majority of the public surveyed during its consultations favored the K to 12 program, while separate consultations by theDepartment of Education (DepEd) showed 77 percent of the 1,417 people consulted nationwide supported Aquino’s flagship education program. 2 0 obj The respondents are twenty Social Studies teachers coming from public and private secondary schools. In effect, the poor Philippine educational system is indirectly subsidizing the affluent economies hosting the OFWs. This study presents a SWOT analysis to explain the economic development of the Philippines. Teachers, administrators and publishers are all left in limbo whenever the DepEd would come up with another totally different directive from what it used to have in a rather very sudden interval. tools appropriate for teaching social studies. Take the case of the terms female lawyer (as if lawyer as a profession is exclusive only to men) and manpower (which should have been human resources or human capital to be more politically correct). This probably explains why the teaching profession is not attracting the best and the brightest from the crop of students anymore. During an interview for a teaching position, your interviewer may ask behavioral questions so they can see how you have managed specific situations in the past. For a good social studies teacher, this requires knowing the subject well, showing enthusiasm, and using different teaching modalities to keep the subject interesting for students. Be sure to make your answers specific to teaching even if the weakness applies to life in general. students' cheating, unreliable information, technical A researcher- made-questionnaire, designed according to the Ned Hermann’s Brain Quadrants, was administered before the start of the training. Dominated by the private sector, higher educational institutions charge students with sky-high tuition and miscellaneous fees that remain unregulated and unchecked. /Length 2596 Our country has gone through many changes and development for the past few years. The revised program aims to develop practitioners and leaders who will strengthen Social Studies education. << {{{;�}�#�tp�8_\. The continuous process made great impacts in the lives of millions of Filipinos. students' cheating, unreliable information, technical The teachers ignored the activity oriented nature of social studies. Some would even consider them as liabilities than assets. An on-job training or internship is done on the third and fourth year level of the program where students are exposed to both in-campus and out-campus teaching. spam or irrelevant messages, We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. >> Reaction/comment. Throughout pre K-12 education, such skills and strategies must be developed through Decisions now must be made about how to best utilize these social scientists. I will always stand for what I believe in according to my observations that we have good guidelines and policies on education but what is lacking is the ability to implement such in accordance to the needs of every school, majority of which belong to the public education system. The Philippines continues to demonstrate a development puzzle. Teaching strategies in the Social Studies classroom can be very daunting. The Teaching of the Social Studies in Primary Teacher Training Institutions in Asia. This is based on the xenocentric (foreign-centered) premise that other culture or system is far more superior than one’s own. 28, TRY IT THIS WAY Teaching models from around the world, pp. This is done at the expense of the already undersubscribed yet relevant courses like Area Studies, Pilipinolohiya (Philippine Studies), Development Studies, Philippine Arts, Art Studies, Community Development, Social Work, Islamic Studies, Clothing Technology, and Ceramics Engineering. Araling Panlipunan (Social Studies) in the Philippine Makabayan Learning Area: Problems and prospects in articulating social studies as a discipline January 2019 DOI: 10.2991/aes-18.2019.33 RBEC Time Allotment Secondary School Curriculum Subjects Allotted Time/ Week Unit Credit English 300 min 1.5 Filipino 240 min 1.2 Mathematics 300 min 1.5 Science 400 min 1.8 MAKABAYAN * Social Studies 240 min 1.2 * TLE (Technology & Livelihood Education) 240 min 1.2 * MAPEH 240 min 1.2 * Values Education 120 min 0.6 CAT 35 hrs/yr 0.3 But a fundamental flaw of the program that merits equal attention is its inability to address the problem of decreasing access to education. In the process of studying the MAKABAYAN curriculum, there is a weak conceptualization of social studies due to a loose definition of the learning area and the lack of framework thereof. By using quantitative research method, the researchers have conducted a survey about Enhancing Social Studies Teaching for 21 st Century Learners in Secondary Education in the Philippines. Career Opportunities For Graduates of BSED in Social Studies in The Philippines The K to 12 program reinforces this societal function of education. The inclusion of Social Studies in the curriculum right from primary to secondary classes signifies the importance of the subject and the role it plays in a student’s life. This makes the K to 12’s employability factor more appealing and acceptable to the parents, who are made to believe that under the new education system, college education is a path which is not for everyone to tread. STAR stands for Situation, Task, Action and Result. The history of the Filipino people and the colonial history of the Philippines are two different topics altogether. With the way these subjects are being handled (taking into account both content and methodology), students view the entire exercise as an unnecessary duplication of what they have already covered in high school. The aim of the study was to examine the challenges in teaching History lessons in in secondary Social Studies in public high school of Zone 2, Division of Zambales, Philippines. Furthermore, school survival rates are not merely influenced by the student’s mental and cognitive abilities. �@���R�t C���X��CP�%CBH@�R����f�[�(t� C��Qh�z#0 ��Z�l�`O8�����28.����p|�O×�X In the name of profit and as a response to the dictates of the market forces, colleges and universities prefer to offer more courses in line with the health sciences like nursing, medical transcription, and care-giving. Needless to say, plagiarism has already transformed into a more sophisticated form in the context of today’s electronic age. They have survived their infancy and there are a number of well-trained professionals in each of the major fields. They can be considered our foundational instruments. To overcome the threats and weaknesses, the Philippines should aspire for ?���:��0�FB�x$ !���i@ڐ���H���[EE1PL���⢖�V�6��QP��>�U�(j Thus, the K to 12 education program can be considered a sine qua non for the fulfillment of the government’s agenda of trawling the path of the globalization project, which has only made the country vulnerable to the world economic crisis and has yielded the very crisis that plagues Philippine education. However, in order to teach it, you have to … We'll not send Society also continues to regard education as essential to social mobility, an “investment” worth undertaking as the “costs do not outweigh the benefits.” Owing to its highly commercialized character, tertiary education has also become inaccessible for many Filipinos. motivate the students, make teaching more fun, and allows variation in teaching. For one, DepEd tried to make the lengthening of the basic education cycle palatable by saying the additional junior and senior high school levels would make students ready for the world of work when they graduate in high school. Education has been very effective in mainstreaming and perpetuating the social myths in a subtle and indirect manner. This is a classic case of profit-centeredness without regard to social accountability. Aquino’s K to 12 is anchored on improving the competencies of in-school youths but fails to consider the situation of the growing number of out-of-school youths in the country who should enjoy the universally-acknowledged right of access to educational services. Essay, Pages 12 (3026 words) Views. [/ICCBased 3 0 R] Additional materials, such as the best quotations, synonyms and word definitions to make your writing easier are also offered here. Objectives The program aims to develop social studies education practitioners who can: Demonstrate a deep understanding of the theoretical and disciplinal foundations of social studies education; Design and develop theoretically Mostly, this has been the case in the teaching of History subjects from the elementary to tertiary levels and will most likely perpetuate in the next generations to come. The mission of National Council for the Social Studies is to advocate and build capacity for high-quality social studies by providing leadership, services, and support to educators. Some of these myths are the perceived superiority of white, educated men, ‘official’ history as advanced by the western point of view, globalization as the only way to achieve economic development, and stereotypes against the minoritized and the disenfranchised. Basic problems such as lack of teacher training and the failure of the government to address input gaps are also considerations that if left unaddressed may imperil the full implementation of the program. Despite abundant natural and human resources, its development record pales in comparison with its neighbors in East Asia. information and an important additional teaching tool. Generally, Philippine Education aims to provide quality and free education both for the elementary and secondary public schools but again this have not been observed and understood well causing it to be a burden most especially to the students and parents. The heavy financial burden that comes with the implementation of the program is just one of the many issues on the surface. This freedom of choice touted by the K to 12 proponents, however, is illusory since the student’s choice is actually limited by the reality that higher education has become a privilege and that the worsening economic conditions in the country are pushing Filipinos to seek jobs instead of pursuing higher education. It is therefore Eurocentric, culturally insensitive, and allows variation in teaching and articulation of social studies education it. Privileged class of pupils and discover a range of effective teaching strategies for the social myths a. 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