nevada history facts

Nevada became a part of Alta California (Upper California) province in 1804 when the Californias were split. About 900 BCE, the Patayan and Anasazi Native Americans inhabit the Colorado River area in the region that becomes known as Nevada. Fact 5 The state got its name from the Sierra Nevada mountains, which are located nearby. The Enlarged Homestead Act of 1909, the establishment of a state dry-farming experiment station, and private promotional efforts stimulated dry farming within a fifty-mile radius of Wells, Nevada, but a combination of low precipitation, intense flash flooding, short summers, abundant jackrabbits, mediocre soil, and the faulty judgment of the settlers themselves virtually ended the ill-favored experiment after 1916.[21]. Nevertheless, despite the determined and colorful management style of John Sexton, the line succumbed to the effects of flood, fire, competing for road traffic, and dwindling amounts of ore extracted in Eureka. Silver $25.29-0.30. There’s a lot of great history in Nevada, and because some of the state’s historical events are better known than others, there may be some you aren’t quite familiar with. Both Tonopah AAF and Indian Springs AAF each had 5 auxiliary airstrips including Indian Springs' at Forty-Mile Canyon Field and Groom Lake Field. [42], For a list of governors and a list of museums regarding Nevada history, see, For a list of topics regarding this subject, see, Michael Green, "Abraham Lincoln, Nevada, and the Law of Unintended Consequences,", Wilbur S.. Shepperson, "Nevada: Beautiful Desert Of Most of the town's buildings from its mining heyday are gone, and Golconda today is a minor stop on Interstate 80. Nevada - Nevada - Cultural life: Nevadans traditionally have mingled rural conservatism and the individualism of the Old West. publicized the region. A strike at Tonopah (1900, silver) was followed by strikes in Goldfield (1902–1919, gold) and Rhyolite (1904–1911, gold). Nevada is one of three states with legalized gambling. General Nevada State History. Though workable mining laws still were needed, the resignation of the entire territorial supreme court in 1864 did cause litigation to stop and allowed mining work to resume.[11]. Numerous sites of early human habitation have been found, the most famous being Pueblo Grande de Nevada (also known as Lost City). The recorded lectures will be posted on our website page NHS Forms, Interviews & Lecture Videos. It is the county seat of Clark County, Nevada. [20], Over 87% of the Nevada area is owned by the federal government, as homesteads of maximum 640 acres (2.6 km2) in the arid state were generally too little land for a viable farm. The legal and judicial system of Carson County was unprepared for the tremendous demands placed on it. After the beginning of the 20th century, profits declined while Progressive reformers sought to curb capitalism. They imagined a civilized Nevada of universities, lofty idealism, and social reform. Las Vegas is known around the world for its resorts, gambling, shopping and dining and it calls itself the Entertainment Capital of the World. wikipedia. What are some other interesting historical facts about Nevada? Before the arrival of Europeans, Nevada was inhabited by Native American tribes including the Shoshone, the Paiute, the Washoe, and the Mohave.. Rowley, William D. "The Enterprise of Nevada History,", Brigham, Jay. Each was a European immigrant who came to the state in its mining boom of the 1870s, prospered financially, and engaged in politics until the boom collapsed late in the 1870s. In the absence of any governmental authority, some 50 Mormons and non-Mormon prospectors and cattle ranchers drew up the "Washoe code" to deal with land claims; its coverage eventually covered other governmental issues. 1-5 Nevada Facts 1. [26], During the Great Depression in the United States, Nevada legalized gambling—terming it "gaming"—in 1931; (the Northern Club received the first license). As a result of the Mexican–American War and the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, Mexico permanently lost Alta California in 1848. The town moved from mine to mine and it went from boom to bust in regular cycles. History of Nevada Nevada became the 36th state on October 31, 1864, after telegraphing the Constitution of Nevada to the Congress days before the November 8 presidential election (the largest and costliest transmission ever by telegraph). Facts About Nevada The presence of Nevada's earliest inhabitants, beginning about 12,400 years ago, is marked by many petroglyphs and archaeological sites. As part of the Mexican Cession (1848) and the subsequent California Gold Rush that used Emigrant Trails through the area, the state's area evolved first as part of the Utah Territory, then the Nevada Territory (March 2, 1861; named for the Sierra Nevada). Nevada History Timeline Important Dates, Events, and Milestones in Nevada History. Then Jones and Sadler embraced bimetallism and a companion cure-all for Nevada's economic ills—reclamation of desert land in order to provide an economy based partly on agriculture. Labor unions, especially the SEIU which organizes hotel and casino workers, thrive among the minority workers in Las Vegas. The largest United States reservoir (Lake Mead) was created by the Hoover Dam on the state's 1867 Colorado River border (construction began in 1931). Jedediah Smith entered the Las Vegas Valley in 1827, and Peter Skene Ogden traveled the Humboldt River in 1828. In later years, a desire for increased autonomy led to several attempts by the Alta Californians to gain independence from Mexico. In this video you can find seven little known facts about Nevada. Statehood was rushed to help ensure three electoral votes for Abraham Lincoln's reelection and add to the Republican congressional majorities. Nevada History Firsts & State Facts. Nuclear testing began at the Nevada Proving Ground in 1951 with a one-kiloton bomb dropped on Frenchman Flat. When Federal troops were sent to Utah in 1857, the Mormons left Washoe. [3][4], Geologic events formed the state's Basin and Range topography, the "Nevada Basin" physiographic region,[6] and the central Nevada desert (e.g., the recession of the Pleistocene Lake Lahontan changed the Humboldt River course), and Great Basin. You will learn about its early inhabitants, how it became a U.S. territory and state, and its popular attractions and places. United States History [edit | edit source] The following are only a few of the many U.S. history sources that are available: Schlesinger, Jr., Arthur M. The Almanac of American History. Slavic, Italian, and Basque Catholics moved to the state after 1900 and sometimes allied with native-born Americans so that the traditional dominance of Irish Catholics diminished markedly by the 1930s. Fun Facts about Northern Nevada. The Silk Road is the most famous ancient trade route, linking the major ancient civilizations of China and the Roman Empire. As miners flocked to the town in 1867–70, a fort was built to offer protection from Indian raids and a water ditch was created to supply the town with water. Paperback $25.81 $ 25. Some examples for the State of Nevada are: Elliott, Russell R. History of Nevada, Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press, 1987. book 979.3 H2eL. Offers a chronological timeline of important dates, events, and milestones in Nevada history. Nevada History, Language and Culture History of Nevada. Camp Williston (1940–1944) at Boulder City provided security for Henderson's Basic Magnesium Plant (14,000 employees) and Hoover Dam[37] (a concrete observation station still exists).[38]. There were 16,067 slots in Nevada in 1960. [15], The Eureka and Palisade Railroad was a narrow-gauge railroad ninety miles long built-in 1875 to carry silver-lead ore from Eureka, Nevada, to the Southern Pacific Railroad trunk line that ran through Palisade. Nevada's the seventh-largest state in size, and about 86 percent of its land is owned by the federal government. 62% of the people lived in towns with fewer than 2,500 people or in rural areas alongside the 340,000 cattle and 830,000 sheep. Other names considered for the state included Washoe, Humboldt, and Esmeralda. Non-Mormons sought annexation to California. [14], Although the transcontinental railroad crossed the state in 1869, most towns and mines were remote from it and required a network of wagon freight and stagecoaches. Baskets, decoys, and ingenious traps are evidence of the resourcefulness of these early people in a harsh and arid environment. Sections in this article: Introduction ; Facts and Figures; Geography; Economy; Government and Higher Education; History; Bibliography Nevada, constituent state of the U.S. BY Janet Burns. In addition to fostering trade, the Silk Road also became a vital route for the spread of knowledge, technology, religion, and the arts, with many trading centers alon… If you know of a local business that could use some extra support during these times, please nominate them here: Jennifer is the Alabama staff writer for Only In Your State and has nearly 15 years of professional writing experience. The current Hawthorne Army Depot was established for munitions production in 1930. A drilling accident in 1916 unintentionally burst open a below-ground geothermal vein. They included George Wingfield (mine owner, banker and behind-the-scenes player); George Nixon (banker, editor and cofounder of the Silver party); Key Pittman (U.S. France gives England all French territory east of the Mississippi River, except New Orleans. George Washington led the Am… The state seal is the first symbol Nevada adopted. There still was no federal presence in the area so religious tensions worsened and petitions of complaint went to Washington. [40], In June 2017, a heat wave grounded more than 40 airline flights of small aircraft were grounded, with American Airlines reducing sales on certain flights to prevent the vehicles from being over the maximum weight permitted for safe takeoff[41] and Las Vegas tying its record high at 117 degrees Fahrenheit. Although boosters predicted growth for Golconda, after 1910 the mines played out, leaving the region as an area of ranches and farms. You’ll see “Battle Born” on the Nevada State Flag, and all over clothing, hats and other apparel worn by Nevada lovers in every corner of the state. You'll receive your first newsletter soon! 20. A second boom began following the discovery of silver in 1876–77.[18]. 10. The strikes brought Nevada to the forefront of the nation again, just as the Comstock Lode in Virginia City, Nevada, had in the late 1800s. From 1898–1910, the town had a train depot, several hotels, a school, businesses, newspapers, and two brothels. Over 1000 nuclear detonations were conducted until the site's last atmospheric detonation in 1962 and last underground detonation in 1992. He drove to Las Vegas with $50 in December 1992, and then, converted it into more than $40 million by the beginning of 1995. Modified from Outline of Nevada Mining History by J.V. Utah Territory countered this by incorporating the area as a county. Senator) and George Thatcher (a leader of the state Democratic party)[22], John Edward Jones and Reinhold Sadler, Silver Party governors of Nevada, during 1895–1903, shared like backgrounds and rose to political power by the same route. Judges were underpaid and underqualified, bribery of witnesses and jurors was commonplace, vague record-keeping created nearly insurmountable difficulties with property titles, and evidence was often destroyed. By 1872, Nevada mining was an industry of speculation and immense wealth. … The non-Mormons took over and launched a move for separate territorial status. Whether you’re a resident of Silver state or just plan to visit soon, here are 23 Nevada facts you probably didn’t know… Learn these facts and more through our Discover America trip. The fabulous Comstock Lode, a rich deposit of silver ore, was discovered in 1859 at the present site of Virginia City.. Hoover Dam, near Las Vegas, impounds the waters of Lake Mead, one of the world's largest artificial lakes.. Lake Tahoe on the 7. But Nevada’s statehood was pushed through in 1864 by President Abraham Lincoln, who was concerned he’d lose the election and he wanted to pull in those votes. Love Nevada? [19] The partners had a loss the following year and Nixon's Nye County Bank struggled. Notable military aircraft accidents in Nevada include the 1948 Lake Mead Boeing B-29 crash, the 1949 Stead AFB F-51 crash, and several USAF Thunderbird demonstration team crashes, including the 1982 Indian Springs AFAF formation that killed four pilots. The Mexican Empire turned into the Mexican Republic in 1823, along with Nevada. Since the 1920s, anthropologists and archaeologists from the American Museum of Natural History and other institutions have been unearthing ancient human artifacts in Nevada… Many people believe Nevada was illegally admitted to the Union as a state to help Lincoln's re-election because at the time, there were only 35,000 inhabitants in Nevada. Fact 4 Nevada is the seventh largest state in the United States. Nevada’s Odd Shape Back when Nevada was just a territory, it needed 60,000 people to become a state, rather than the 39,000 it had, according to History.com. In 1919 Frank Hunt discovered copper in the area and later named his claim Rio Tinto. 1875 - A fire destroys much of Virginia City. [23], Because most of Nevada was sparsely populated and was subject to economic booms-and-busts accompanied by population fluctuations, Catholic churches faced difficulties in serving spiritually their scattered and mobile communicants. State Flag| On a cobalt blue background; in the upper left quarter is a five-pointed silver star between two sprays of sagebrush crossed to form a half wreath; across the top of the wreath is a g… While the Comstock made dozens of owners rich, the gold in Goldfield and the stock sold on speculation made two people exceedingly rich. Discover what it means to be from Nevada, and learn why Nevada is a great place to buy Gold and Silver Coins, Rounds, and Bars. With the Mexican War of Independence won in 1821, the province of Alta California became a territory—not a state—of Mexico, due to the small population. Opponents of gambling and prostitution became organized and in the Progressive Era at last persuaded state legislators to prohibit gambling statewide in 1910 as part of a nationwide anti-gaming crusade. [12][13] After 1870, however, the mining industry went into eclipse, as the state's Silverite politicians worked to secure laws to require the federal government to purchase silver. Home; Countries; United States of America; Nevada; Nevada: Las Vegas - Reno, NV. Keep watching and subscribe, as more states will follow! There was a gold rush that created Aurora in (1860). Nevada means 'snowy'. See the fact file below for more information about Nevada or download the comprehensive worksheet pack which can be utilised within the classroom or home environment. The result is a 5-foot by 25-foot (at the base) spout known as Fly Geyser.It’s on private land about 20 miles north of the town of Gerlach. 1951 - Nuclear testing begins in Nevada. After gambling was legalized in 1931, Wingfield again had money coming in from his leases and a partnership in several casinos. Early historical facts. However, remnants of mining resulted in the 1989 designation of the Carson River Mercury (Superfund) Site, Rio Tinto was developed after the discovery of copper in Northern Elko County's Cope Mining District. Geologic events formed the state's Basin and Range topography, the "Nevada Basin" physiographic region, and the central Nevada desert (e.g., the recession of the Pleistocene Lake Lahontan changed the Humboldt River course), and Great Basin.The Paiute, Shoshone, Quoeech, Washoe, and Walapai tribes had inhabited Nevada for millennia before Euro-Americans … Ranges and emergency strips included the Battle Mountain Flight Strip, the Black Rock Desert gunnery range (part of the Lovelock Aerial Gunnery Range during the Cold War), Churchill Flight Strip, and Owyhee Flight Strip. It is bordered by Utah (E), Arizona (SE), California (SW, W), and Oregon and Idaho (N). The first inhabitants of what is now Nevada arrived about 12,000 years ago. Silk was traded from China to the Roman Empire starting in the first century BCE, in exchange for wool, silver, and gold coming from Europe. The early 1860s saw the end of an Indian war, the great Comstock mining boom of 1859 in Virginia City and the coming of the Civil War. American Old West forts in Nevada included Fort Churchill, Fort Halleck, Fort McDermit, and Fort Schellbourne. The Top Gun Flight School is located in Fallon, Nevada. During that time, Nevada was one of two states to officially enter statehood, securing its second nickname as the Battle Born State. Nevada Catholic parish life until 1900 reflected the Irish heritage of its parish clergy and the bulk of their flocks. The Paiute, Shoshone, Quoeech, Washoe, and Walapai tribes had inhabited Nevada for millennia before Euro-Americans arrived in the 18th century. It is bordered by Oregon to the northwest, Idaho to the northeast, California to the west, Arizona to the southeast, and Utah to the east. Archaeological evidence suggests that the land we now know as Nevada was inhabited approximately 12,400 years ago, long before European settlers discovered the area. Before the arrival of Europeans, Nevada was inhabited by Native American tribes including the Shoshone, the Paiute, the Washoe, and the Mohave.. Wingfield, however, reaped an even greater fortune from real estate, especially after moving to Reno, Nevada. Located on the disputed border with California, at one time Aurora was the county seat of counties in California and Nevada until the boundary dispute was settled locating Aurora in Nevada. The Sagebrush State: Nevada's History, Government, and Politics (Shepperson Series in Nevada History Book 5) Part of: Shepperson Series in Nevada History (31 Books) | by Michael W. Bowers | Aug 15, 2018. Trailblazers who helped to clear the way for Nevada settlers by first exploring the area in the 1820s included: Jedediah S. Smith, Peter Skene Ogden, Kit Carson, Gen. John C. Fremont In the 1820s, trading and trapping started to become more popular in Nevada. Reno and Las Vegas had red-light districts, when the federal government prohibited all prostitution near military bases in 1942 (lifted in 1948). Mexico had never established any control in Nevada, but American mountain men were in Washoe (the early name for Nevada) as early as 1827. Nevada was made famous by the discovery of the Comstock Lode, the richest known U.S. silver deposit, in 1859, and its mines have produced large quantities of gold, silver, copper, lead, zinc, mercury, barite, and tungsten. Nevada was originally founded in 1821 as part of the First Mexican Empire. "[2] The boom returned when big-time gambling arrived in 1931, and with good transportation (especially to California metropolitan areas), the nation's easiest divorce laws, and a speculative get-rich-quick spirit, Nevada had a boom-and-bust economy that was mostly boom until the worldwide financial crisis of 2008 revealed extravagant speculation in housing and casinos on an epic scale. [28], Also in 1931 the residence requirement for divorce was reduced to six weeks, making Reno a famous mecca for the quickie divorce and people from all over the country to "take the cure." The pragmatic attempts to establish workable frontier institutions had failed and the paternalistic territorial system was welcomed.[10]. History & Facts Sierra Nevada University has been a dynamic presence on Lake Tahoe's north shore for 50 years. 1756 - 1763:The Seven Years War (French and Indian War) due to disputes over land is won by Great Britain. Golconda was a mining town in northern Nevada built when the discovery of copper, silver, gold, and lead brought entrepreneurs who opened mines and mills in the district. Nevada was originally founded in 1821 as part of the First Mexican Empire. Tingley in Nevada Geology, no. Listed below are 10 interesting historical facts that you may or may not already know about the Silver State. In the late 1940s "Bugsy" Siegel helped get Las Vegas on the map by first building the most expensive casino in the world, the Flamingo, and then by being gunned down in his Beverly Hills home. In 1999 Nevada had 205,726 slot machines, one for every 10 residents. A man built and planted an extremely complex bomb in a Nevada Casino, the FBI could not disarm it, … Lecture Schedule: Thursday, October 1, 2020 Speaker, Jack Hursh, NHS Historian Lecture Title: Nevada … In this video you can find seven little known facts about Nevada. The gold discovery in Tonopah in 1900 brought together a group of men who dominated Nevada politics for a half century. [35], Las Vegas Army Air Field and Tonopah AAF were created from existing airfields, and the United States Army Air Forces built four additional Nevada airfields in 1942,[36] including Indian Springs AAF, Reno Army Air Base, and a facility near Fallon. But an economic bust during the 1910s and disillusionment from failures at social reform and a population decline of nearly one-fourth meant that by 1920 Nevada had degenerated into a "beautiful desert of buried hopes. Las Vegas casinos of the 1950s were mostly low-rise building taking advantage of the wide-open spaces that Reno didn't offer in the downtown area of Virginia Street. Disputes over the legal limits of a claim soon went to court, as the Law of the Apex, used to determine those limits, was unworkable for the deep ore bodies in the Comstock. The state was by far the smallest in terms of population. The Second World War was very good to Reno as local bases and those in Northern California helped boost the economy. Historical Events. 1775 - 1783- The American Revolution creates the United States of America. Nevada became part of the United States with the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo with Mexico in 1848. Before the discovery of silver in Virginia City in 1859, Nevada was generally skirted by settlers heading west. The Mexican Empire turned into the Mexican Republicin 1823, along with Nevada. Brothels have been tolerated in Nevada since the middle of the 19th century; one in Elko has been in business since 1902. 1861 - The Nevada Territory is established by the U.S. Congress. Geologic events formed the state's Basin and Range topography, the "Nevada Basin" physiographic region, and the central Nevada desert (e.g., the recession of the Pleistocene Lake Lahontan changed the Humboldt River course), and Great Basin. Oil was discovered in 1954. Most of the state is desert but the Sierra Nevada mountain range near Reno and the Ruby Mountains near Elko has snow for half the year. Beginning in the 1820s, trailblazers such as Jedediah S. Smith, Peter Skene Ogden, Kit Carson, and, Gen. John C. Fremont crossed Nevada’s miles of trackless wilderness, laying the footpaths for pioneers who would follow in the next two decades. After all the copper was removed, Rio Tinto suffered the same fate as most boom towns and vanished. The state's ongoing battles with the federal government involve the longstanding water rights dispute between Native Americans, backed by the federal government, and Nevada's ranchers; and the decade-long fight against the establishment of the nation's first permanent nuclear waste depository at Yucca Mountain. The Paiute, Shoshone, Quoeech, Washoe, and Walapai tribes had inhabited Nevada for millennia before Euro-Americans arrived in the 18th century.[7]. Name| Adopted in 1861 when territory was established; from Spanish meaning “snow-capped.” State Capital| Carson City, selected 1864. 1. By 1851 the first villages and towns were bein… 23 Interesting Things You Probably Didn’t Know About The State Of Nevada. They were fishermen, as well as hunters and food gatherers, for the glacial lakes of the ancient Great Basin were then only beginning to recede. Get facts and photos about the 36th state. Elliott, Russell R., and William D. Rowley. However, Las Vegas boomed with new luxurious hotels in the 1960s and the city's gambling casinos drew players from all over the world, and away from Reno and Lake Tahoe. After 1881, the state attempted to restrict gambling through licensing and other statutory controls. ", Moehring, Eugene, "The Urban Impact: Towns and Cities in Nevada's History,", Bennett, Dana R., "'The Up-Growth of New Industries': Transformation of Nevada's Economy, 1918–1929,", DePolo, Ron, and Mark Pingle. The Spanish give up east and west Florida to the English in return for Cuba. In the 1770s, Franciscan missionary Francisco Garcés, born in Morata del Conde, Aragon, Spain in 1738, was the first European in the area. Platinum $1,119.38 7.29. History. While Samuel Clemens took the pen name “Mark Twain” as a reporter working for the “Territorial Enterprise,” he began his writing career as a reporter in the Midwest some years before moving to Virginia City in 1862. However, re-outlawing gambling has never been seriously considered since, and the industry has become Nevada's primary source of revenue today. "A Statistical History of the Nevada Population, 1860–1993,", This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 17:22. If you think you know everything there is to know about the state of Nevada, you might want to think again. Which of these historical facts surprised you? Belief in limited government leads to an electorate that backs a pro-choice position on abortion while opposing the Equal Rights Amendment for women. Nevada was made famous by the discovery of the Comstock Lode, the richest known U.S. silver deposit, in 1859.Gold now far exceeds all other minerals in the value of production. [1], Nevada's harsh but rich environment shaped its history and culture. The discovery of silver and gold in 1910 near Tonopah set off a boom that ended Nevada's Economic depression. Numerous small companies supplied the horses, mules, and wagons for hauling borax and silver ore. Stagecoaches were notoriously uncomfortable across the roadless land, but were better than the alternatives and flourished until a railroad finally arrived. George S. Nixon and George Wingfield were worth $30 million after taking their Goldfield Consolidated Mining Company public in 1906. Nevada is the 7th most extensive, the 35th most populated, and the 9th least densely populated of the 50 United States. It borders Oregon and Idaho to the north, Utah to the east, Arizona to the southeast, and California to the west. Statehood came in 1864 following a Carson City convention (July 4–28) and a public vote on September 7 (the population of 6,857 in 1860 increased to 42,941 in 1870), although Nevada had far fewer than the 60,000 people usually required. Mine operators sought improved technology but were unwilling to wait years or decades for it to arrive. Nevada became the 36th state on October 31, 1864, after telegraphing the Constitution of Nevada to the Congress days before the November 8 presidential election (the largest and costliest transmission ever by telegraph). [9] The capital is Carson City. He is famous for the largest and longest documented winning streak in the casino gambling history. Many operated farms and ranches. Discover what it means to be from Nevada, and learn why Nevada is a great place to buy Gold and Silver Coins, Rounds, and Bars. Area 51, the place famed for UFO cover-ups, is located in southern Nevada. The 1859 Comstock Lode discovery opened the era of silver mining in Nevada, and attracted thousands of miners—most from California. Spy plane testing in Area 51 began in April 1955, and stealth fighter testing began in 1982 at the Tonopah Test Range, where in 2008 the last F-117 Nighthawk was retired in secure storage. California ( Upper California ) province in 1804 when the Californias were split still was no federal presence in United... Dispersed, and the bulk of their flocks a pro-choice position on abortion while opposing the Equal Amendment. E-Mail address for things to do, restaurants to try and much!! Especially after moving to Reno as local bases and those in Northern California helped boost economy... 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Its population peaked at about six hundred in 1907–08 this by incorporating the area starting a of., thrive among the minority workers in Las Vegas is the largest City at 19,000 and Las.... First symbol Nevada Adopted time understood the health problems such metals as mercury could cause largest employer population..., National real estate, especially after moving to Reno, Las Vegas is the driest state the..., as more States will follow weekly health checks of all prostitutes from real estate, the. Money coming in from his leases and a partnership in several casinos the Clark County population grew from 8,532 1,375,765. Immense wealth governor ) ; Pat McCarran and other Nevada officials campaigned successfully in Washington open...
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