key events in arizona history

J.S. KYTL-TV begins operations as an NBC affiliate in Phoenix. "In the case of several states, fighting between white settlers and Native Americans ranked as the most important historical event. Some events technically happened before the area was formally established as a state, but those events were still considered due to the prominence of that event, such as the founding of the Jamestown settlement in present-day Virginia. AT&SF's subsidiary, the Atlantic & Pacific Railroad constructs line from Albuquerque to California. "A Hundred Beers of Phoenix History", in G. Wesley Johnson, Jr., ed. Phoenix purchases the Phoenix Transit System from American Transit, who agrees to continue to manage the operation. "Transit 2000" proposition passes, approving construction of 24 miles of light rail with Phoenix city limits, named. The Phoenix Sewer and Drainage Department is created. Fort Grant becomes an Arizona state prison. 1911 - President Roosevelt dedicated a dam that was named after him. The Tempe Irrigating Canal Co. is created. Speed limit in Phoenix is increased to 12 mph in city limits; city has 329 licensed cars. Mary Adeline Gray, the first European woman settler in Phoenix, and her husband Columbus, arrive. The Hohokams of Arizona had the earliest North American civilization. It wasn't until 1919 that it finally passed Congress and was signed by President Wilson. Kit Carson leads an exploration which passes through Arizona on their way from Santa Fe to California. Phoenix purchases Goodyear Airport as a general aviation supplement to Sky Harbor. Ten years later, President Theodore Roosevelt, visited the park and left no doubt the power that it had held over him. The war lasted almost two years and the United States gained Cali… Phoenix taxes cigarettes and liquor to cover budget shortfall. In Phoenix, Metropolitan Bus Lines is purchased by L.A. Tanner and renamed Valley Transit Line. South Mountain Park (originally named Phoenix Mountain Park) is created in Phoenix. There was a region in Texas that was not clear if it belonged to Mexico or the United States. February 23: Scheduled airline service from Los Angeles to Phoenix begins. First municipal airport in Phoenix is opened, near Christy Road and 59th Avenue. Our office is closed to the public, but you can reach the Department of History, Monday–Friday 8am-5pm, at 520-621-1586 or by email to history@email.arizona.edu. Search the Official Website of the State of Arizona. Cliff dwellings and other ancient evidence remains to trace man's presence in the Arizona area back … November 10: Gila River War Relocation Center is officially closed. The YMCA raises $100,000 to construct a building in Phoenix. L.A. Tanner is successful in purchasing the city-owned municipal bus system, merging it into his Valley Transit Line. 1455–65 AD – Drought hits the Hopi areas. Destructive fire destroys major portions of Phoenix. Other major events you may recognize from around the country include the opening of The United States Billion Depository at Fort Knox 1937, the desegregation of schools in Little Rock, Arkansas, in 1957 and the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks in New York City. The following is a timeline of the history of the area which today comprises the U.S. state of Arizona. Postal Service shows a 41-cent postage stamp, to be released Friday, Sept. 14 in Santa Ana, California, commemorating the 1946 court decision, Mendez v. Chandler Fire Department becomes one of only 14 fire departments in the world accredited by the Commission on Fire Accreditation International. Historical Events. Geronimo's War. Phoenix Thunderbirds are created by the Chamber of Commerce. September 30: Williams Air Force Base closes after 52 years of military service. In Phoenix, over 300 bars have obtained liquor licenses since the repeal of the Arizona state law banning alcohol. East wing of the Phoenix Art Museum opens, resulting in almost tripling the museum's space. "Rich, Resolute, Ready, Phoenix, Salt River Valley" becomes the official tourism slogan of Phoenix. The location got its name when his men stripped a local tree and ran a flag up the staff. Phoenix will host Super Bowl LVII in 2023 and NCAA Final Four in 2024. Phoenix Mountains Preservation Council founded in August, to purchase all of the 7000 acres in the Phoenix Mountains Preserve, and a total of 9700 acres. THE ROBINSON LIBRARY: The Robinson Library >> American History >> United States: Local History and Description >> The New Southwest >> Arizona: Important Dates in Arizona. Phoenix Transit begins to offer "Dial-a-Ride" services in low-population density areas. June 22: Thunderbird Field #2 opens in Scottsdale. Chandler Heights Citrus District is founded by Dr. Alexander Chandler. "Many of the events on our list are tragic, including the forced removal of Native Americans from their lands — the Trail of Tears in the South — as well as attacks from domestic and foreign terrorists," the site says. 1000 AD – The Kayenta tradition of the Ancestral Puebloans develops in northern Arizona. Babbitt Brothers building constructed in Flagstaff. By the end of the year, it would be the most populous settlement in Arizona, and the capital of Yuma County. The Carnegie Free Library opens in Tucson. 1825 – The first people from the fledgling United States enter Arizona, the trapper Sylvester Pattie and his son James; trapping along the San Francisco, Gila, and San Pedro rivers. The town of Fountain Hills is founded as a master planned community. The private electric streetcar system is purchased by the City of Phoenix for $20,000. The state has been inhabited for thousands of years. The Women's Christian Temperance Union opens a Phoenix branch. As a senator, Benjamin Harrison introduced legislation to make the Grand Canyon the country's second national park after Yellowstone. The United States wanted to expand its territory by occupying the western region. 20th Century Arizona History Timeline. Several large factories which were created in Phoenix for war production, begin to close down operations. (Page of tag Arizona) Phoenix wins the Carl Bertelsmann Prize, for the best run city government in the world. Phoenix currently ranks as the 6th most populous city in the nation. Inaugural Copperstate Fly-In, an annual vintage airshow, held at Casa Grande Airport. Flooding once again causes issues in Phoenix. One who has "insight" in history is able to harness the power of that wave's entire journey. 1492 : Christopher Columbus lands on a Caribbean Island after three months of traveling. With the relocation of the Phoenix Suns in 1992 and the $32 million renovation of the Convention Center in 1995, the city of Phoenix was integral in Arizona Center’s early success. Barry Goldwater loses the election for President of the United States. City adopts the Phoenix Concept 2000 plan, which split the city into urban villages. 1859 – Gold is discovered near the confluence of the Gila and Colorado Rivers, creating Arizona's first "gold rush". Judge William T. Day House is built in Casa Grande. Southern Pacific Railroad begins operating in Tucson. The city begins the process of transitioning to a public bus transit system. Tourism moves ahead of agriculture into the number two largest economic sector in Phoenix. Phoenix transit implements a Bus Card Plus Program, allowing participants reduced fares. The following year, it would be considered for the capital of the Arizona Territory. All bus service in Phoenix is now unified. Migrant workers from Mexico are brought in to pick cotton in the Salt River Valley. First prison in Arizona. Las Dos Naciones Cigar Company founded, the only cigar company in the southwest. July 4: First wheat ground in Salt River Valley at Birchard's Mill. Casa Grande Municipal Airport opens (date approximate). The Barry Goldwater Terminal (terminal 4) opens at Sky harbor airport with 5 concourses and 44 gates. June 22: Casa Grande Reservation is created by President. In Phoenix the high school installs lights in its athletic stadium. The Friday Club begins a movement to open a public library in Phoenix. In anticipation of the upcoming U.S. Census, Phoenix votes to extend the city limits. A party which included Jack Swilling discovers gold along the. Urban renewal project in Phoenix creates 3 new housing developments: Marcos de Niza Project for Mexicans, Matthew Henson Project for Blacks, and Frank Luke Jr. Project for Whites. However, big things are always made up of small things. The first bank in Phoenix, a branch of the Bank of Arizona, opens. Mesa purchases existing gas and electric utilities from Dr. A.J. 1776: The Spanish established a garrison at Tucson. October: A fire destroys all but four of Phoenix's electric streetcars. July 16: The city of Phoenix purchases Sky Harbor Airport, which has been run by the city ever since. 1583 – Antonio de Espejo 's explores eastern Arizona, discovers mines near present-day Jerome. Tucson Historic Preservation Foundation established. Barry Goldwater elected to the Phoenix city council. Valley Metro becomes the first municipal bus service in the country to accept credit cards. Hinchcliffe Court opens near Tucson, the first auto court motel in Arizona. RPTA adopts the name, Valley Metro, for the regional transit system. Coronavirus Information. 600–1300 AD – Hohokam build large network or irrigation canals throughout the area. Phoenix elects its first female mayor: Margaret Hance. The court disagreed and upheld his conviction. History states that Italian explorer Amerigo Vespucci discovered a new land in 1497, and Martin Waldseemüller (famous map-maker) named it America after Vespucci. Presbyterian church established in Phoenix. Fort Grant becomes the State Industrial School for Wayward Boys and Girls. Mesa takes over irrigation system operation within incorporated city limits. Still, the idea of making it a National Park met resistance. Casa Grande suffers from a devastating fire. Currently, Channel 10 begins broadcasting in Phoenix, currently. February 25: The State Capitol building is dedicated, built at a cost of $130,000. It is 277 river miles long, as many as 18 miles wide, and one mile deep. With the construction of the Presidio San Augustin del Tucson, on August 20, 1775, Tucson became the first European city in what would become Arizona. The second building in Phoenix, a brewery, is constructed. As Nation Braces For Unrest, More Calls For 'Civil War' Surface, Divorce Boot Camp – Scottsdale, AZ Hub ~ No-Cost Webinar, Human Services Campus Files Appeal To Add More Shelter Beds, Wow House: $4.1​M Arcadia Home With Camelback Mountain Views, GOP Proposal Would Criminalize ‘Intimidating’ Police, First Responders In AZ, Maricopa County Not Opening Vaccine Up To 65-Year-Olds Yet, No ‘Direct Evidence’ Of Plot To Kill At Capitol: Officials. Phoenix Rangers organized in response to hostile Apache activity in Tonto Basin. 1824 – The Alta California Territory was formed, which included Arizona, under the. The Canyon is the result of millions of years of work by the Colorado River. However, Mexico did not want to sell. Congregation Beth Israel formed in Phoenix. Would become Chandler Memorial Airport, and is currently known as. Three times. U.S. military history closely follows the history of the country in general, starting with the Revolutionary War that was the military father of the county. 1869 – St. Augustine Roman Catholic Church built in Tucson. The following important events in the history of Arizona affected political boundaries, record keeping, and family movements. 1949 – Modern wastewater treatment plant built at Riverview in Mesa. Spanish missionaries began to settle in the southern portion of the state, near present-day Tucson, around 1700, but did not move further north. The website 24/7 Wall St., a Delaware-based company that covers financial news and offers opinions, looked over state historical information, research sources and media reports of major events throughout U.S. history to come up with what it calls the "most important" event for each state, including disasters — due to Mother Nature or people —important legislation and scientific breakthroughs. In Phoenix, Squaw Peak is renamed Piestewa Peak, in honor of the first Native American woman killed in combat, Lori Piestewa. Water from the Verde River becomes available in Phoenix through a 30-mile-long (48 km) wooden pipeline. San Rafael State Natural Area created on site of San Rafael ranch. Tempe Airport is closed by the city and razed. "The Grand Canyon fills me with awe," he wrote. Bike racks become available on all almost all buses citywide in Phoenix. 1964. HISTORY & HERITAGE At Birkenstock, tradition and heritage are important hallmarks of a brand that dates back not years or even decades, but centuries. 1950s – Widespread use of air-conditioning leads to a construction and population boom in Phoenix. The Coolidge Dam, the Bartlett Dam, and the Hoover Dam followed. This only makes it one of the biggest events in history. Phoenix Art Museum expansion, which includes a wing for modern art and a sculpture garden, opens. Phoenix city schools establish an official segregation policy. Chandler Museum opens in the McCullough-Price House. Do nothing to mar its grandeur, sublimity and loveliness. We invite you to explore upcoming and past events to see how Phoenix is a fantastic choice to be your Major Event's host city. Arizona History Timeline. Population of the Salt River Valley reaches 240, the Arizona Territory has 9,658 people. Bills were introduced again in 1910 and 1911. Arizona wins Supreme Court decision in contest with California over share of Colorado River water; hopes are revived for a Central Arizona Project to bring water from the Colorado to central Arizona. Terminal 1 opens at Sky Harbor Airport, built at a cost of $835,000, it represented the most modern and efficient passenger terminals of its time. During the American Civil War, both sides laid claim to Arizona, although the North and South split the New Mexico/Arizona area differently: the South split the territory into north and south divisions, creating Confederate Arizona, while the northern section remained part of the United States as the New Mexico Territory; while the North in 1863, after driving Confederate forces from the Tucson area, created the Arizona Territory from the New Mexico Territory by splitting off the western section. Population in Phoenix reaches 789,704; population in Mesa is at 152,453. In Phoenix, the New York Store is opened by Sam Korrick; Date Palms are introduced into the Salt River Valley. In Arizona, the site says designation of Grand Canyon National Park in 1919 was the the single most significant event in the history of the state. These nine historic events, both triumphant and tragic, will never escape the memory of anyone born in the Grand Canyon State. 9 Moments Everyone Born In Arizona Will Always Remember. Casa Grande Cotton Kings, a semi-professional ball team were founded. Search . The segregated Phoenix Union Colored High School opens. GRAND CANYON, AZ – America is relatively young compared to other nations at 242 years, but that doesn't mean it's short on historical contributions. Phoenix voters expand the city council from 6 citywide members to 8 members, each representing a distinct area. The Federal government becomes the largest employer in Phoenix. December: Gila River War Relocation Center is Arizona's fourth largest city, with a population of 13,348. Voters in Phoenix turn down a $10 billion referendum for a valley-wide rapid transit system, due to the cost and dissatisfaction with the elevated portions of the proposed system. AP US History eLearning Guide- Week 1 April 13 - 17, 2020 Objectives Students will review key terms, people, and events The political group, headed by Barry Goldwater, would dominate city politics in the 1950s. The block of the red-light district is now illegal in Phoenix. An estimated 60,000–70,000 were killed in the fighting and about 40,000 Maratha prisoners massacred afterwards. Construction begins on Terminal 3 at Sky Harbor Airport. To see the full list of events that shaped the nation, with pictures, to boot, click here. Lieutenant Colonel Phillip Cooke led a group of Mormon settlers, known as the "Mormon Battalion" across Arizona on their way to San Diego. Phoenix Title Building constructed in Tucson. During the 1960s, Phoenix annexed 134.55 square miles of land, now totaling 245.5 square miles. Prescott became the territory's first capital, which would transfer to Tucson in 1867, then back to Prescott in 1877, before settling finally in Phoenix in 1889. Population of Tucson is 3,500 (estimate). Steve Benson, a cartoonist for the Arizona Republic, wins the Pulitzer Prize. 1400 AD – The Athabaskan ancestors of the Navajo enter Arizona. As these cultures disappeared between 1000 and 1400 AD, other Indian groups settled in Arizona. Phoenix's speed limit is raised to 6 mph. ca. 1450 AD – Pueblo Grande abandoned due to drought. First private gas lighting company established in Phoenix. In 1906, Roosevelt added to its designation the title of "Grand Canyon Game Preserve. Arizona Insane asylum's construction is completed. 1629. The first bookstore and newsstand in Phoenix is opened by Edward Irvine. Racial segregation is banned at Sky Harbor Airport. Construction of the Central Arizona Project began. The seventh concourse is added to the Barry Goldwater Terminal at Sky Harbor airport, bringing the total number of gates in the terminal to 84. City creates the position of Health Officer. The Arizona Museum for Youth, the only children's museum in the United States focusing on fine art, is founded. State courts declare school segregation illegal. Low-floor buses are added to the Valley Metro fleet. Until further notice, the University of Arizona, in accordance with the guidelines recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, encourages all employees to work remotely. Phoenix has over 11,000 registered vehicles. Hayden's mill opens in the Phoenix/Tempe area. During the 1990s, Phoenix annexed 54.79 square miles of land, now totaling 475.15 square miles. Orangedale (later called Scottsdale) is founded by Winfield Scott. Alzona Park in Phoenix is built by the Federal Government as worker housing. Arizona Overland Telephone Company opens in Flagstaff, giving residents long distance capability for the first time; headquartered in the Telegraph Building, built the same year. Find a chronological compendium of remarkable and curious events in the history of the US. The Public Transportation Administration becomes an official department of Phoenix. It wasn't an easy road. 1540 Coronado led a Spanish expedition into the region.. 1692 Eusebio Kino, a Jesuit priest, began missionary work in the Santa Cruz and San Pedro valleys. February 12: Maricopa County is broken out of Yavapai County, Phoenix becomes the county seat. With these Pearl Harbor facts, learn more about the details of the Pearl Harbor attack and what came before and after. 1,250 BC – Las Capas, slightly north of present-day Tucson, settled by pre-Columbian peoples, centered on an irrigation system. 1276–99 AD – Grasshopper Pueblo founded by the Mogollon and Ancestral Puebloans. Lykes, Aimee de Potter. 1539 Marcos de Niza, a Franciscan priest, entered what is now Arizona. St. Luke's Home, a tuberculosis treatment center, opens in Phoenix. This battle would last until an agreement was reached regarding "spheres of annexation influence" in 1964. Tempe Airport purchased by the city of Tempe. Roskruge School, Tucson's first high school, opens. In Phoenix, the Central Avenue bridge over the Salt River is approved. The Arizona Territory passes a law allowing cities, including Phoenix, to annex land surrounding the city, as long as it obtained the permission of the inhabitants of that area. 1856 – August 29: Conference held to organize. In Phoenix, the Carnegie Library is completed and open to the public. Public School department in Tucson is organized. First water from the Central Arizona Project reaches Maricopa County. 1540–42 – Francisco Vázquez de Coronado leads an expedition, part of which explores Arizona. Arizona's U.S. Territory of Arizona is established The road to becoming a territory starts in 1848 and ends in 1863 in the aftermath of the Mexican-American War. Senator Barry M. Goldwater is the Republican Party candidate for President. Swilling has completed almost 3 miles of his canals in Phoenix. The depression in Phoenix caused by the drop in the cotton price in 1920 ends. Hayden Flour Mill, which in the late 1800s supplied most of the flour for the state of Arizona, closes after 123 years. The Southern Pacific railroad reaches Maricopa. Walnut Grove dam bursts, 50 people killed. Construction begins on Metro Light Rail in Phoenix. Arrival of the Spanish. Territorial capital returned to Prescott, from Tucson. February 25: Phoenix officially incorporated when Governor John C. Frémont signs "The Phoenix Charter Bill", and instituting a. June 24: Catholic church in Phoenix dedicated. A boiling liquid expanding vapor explosion (BLEVE) kills 11 firefighters in Kingman. Citrus cultivation is begun in the Salt River Valley by the Arizona Improvement Company. Glendale voters approve a sales tax increase to fund transportation improvements, including 5 miles of light rail to connect with the Metro Light Rail. In spite of efforts by the Women's Temperance Union, Phoenix has 28 saloons and 18 casinos. Phoenix broken up into four wards, although city officials remain citywide offices. Is 277 River miles long, as many as 18 miles wide and. Lead to the Phoenix light rail with Phoenix city council passes motion approving an additional 5 miles of rail! In 1920 ends network or irrigation canals throughout the area, followed by Francisco Vásquez Coronado... A pound, creates a financial crisis in Phoenix, Salt River Valley the! Washington and first Streets raised to 6 mph than 100 years annexation influence '' in.. People rebel against the Spanish construct a building in Phoenix Los Angeles to Phoenix begins office in Phoenix a! 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key events in arizona history 2021