grenada invasion casualties

4 Loren R., Fort Covington, N.Y. Rogers, Sgt. [17], US Army Rangers conduct airborne assault on Point Salines, Grenada. 5 James G., Fort Stewart, Ga. Kurlowicz, Spec. The U.S. government accused Grenada of constructing facilities to aid a Soviet-Cuban military build-up in the Caribbean based upon the 9,000 ft length, which could accommodate the largest Soviet aircraft like the An-12, An-22 and the An-124, which would enhance the Soviet and Cuban transportation of weapons to Central American insurgents and expand Soviet regional influence. The Pentagon initially announced that 59 enemy soldiers had been killed in the invasion. [10][11] Operation Urgent Fury, was a 1983 United States-led invasion of Grenada, a Caribbean island nation with a population of about 91,000 located 100 miles (160 km) north of Venezuela, that resulted in a U.S. victory within a matter of weeks. The total naval and air superiority of the coalition forces – including helicopter gunships and naval gunfire support – overwhelmed the local forces. Members of the Eastern Caribbean Defense Force. [citation needed], Calivigny barracks before and after being bombed. The shooting of Bishop, who led the People’s Revolutionary Government (PRG) and some cabinet ministers […] 75th Rangers / Ranger Rifleman / U.S. Army, Mark A. Rademacher / Sergeant / 1st Bn. Brian P., Parsippany, N.J. Campbell, Staff Sgt. 60th Military Airlift Wing- 60th Security Police Squadron Travis AFB CA provided airfield security in Grenada as well as Barbados. Harry, Jacksonville, N.C. Higgins, 1st Lt. Patrick M., Fort Bragg, N.C. Hummel, Sgt. To download as PDF click here [ 904 kb ] Some users may encounter difficulties opening these files from the server. / AH-1 Pilot / USMC, Pat Giguere / Captain / U.S. Marine Corps / AH-1 Pilot / USMC, U.S. Army 9th Psychological Operations Battalion (Airborne) of the, U.S. Army 548th Engineer Battalion Ft Bragg, NC. 1st Class / SEAL Team 6 / Navy SEAL / U.S. Navy, Kevin Lundberg / Petty Off. In the early morning hours of October 25, 1983, armed forces of the United States of America invaded the island of Grenada. Some of the "construction workers" were actually a detachment of Cuban Military Special Forces and combat engineers.[20].  Antigua and Barbuda The ceremony was the first on American soil honoring servicemen killed in the bombing in Beirut and the invasion of Grenada. Fierce resistance met the initial assault by 1,200 troops. 5 Terry L., Fort Bragg, N.C. Hagen, Spec. 4 Ronald, Gainesville, Fla. McCormick, Spec. As the hostilities ended, casualty estimates varied widely. The group's report caused House Speaker Tip O'Neill to change his position on the issue from opposition to support. 1st Class / SEAL Team 6 / Navy SEAL / U.S. Navy, Stephen Morris / Petty Off. Sergeant Sean Luketina was a member of the 82nd Airborne Division, 82nd Signal Battalion, Alpha Company, Assault CP. Forces sustained 19 killed and 116 wounded; Cuban forces sustained 25 killed, 59 wounded and 638 combatants captured. Roy L., Fort Lewis, Wash. Harter, Lance Cpl. 5. The USSR government observed that Grenada had for a long time been the object of United States threats, that the invasion violated international law, and that no small nation not to the liking of the United States would find itself safe if the aggression against Grenada was not rebuffed. For example, the U.S. State Department falsely claimed that a mass grave had been discovered that held 100 bodies of islanders who had been killed by Communist forces. In 1983, then-Member of the United States House of Representatives Ron Dellums (D, California), traveled to Grenada on a fact-finding mission, having been invited by the country's prime minister. Sir Eric Gairy had led Grenada to independence from the United Kingdom in 1974. 4 Scott R., Fort Bragg, N.C. McGuigan, Lance Cpl. O., Seminole, Fla. Hardin, Staff Sgt. KILLED. Birth, Marine Lance Cpl. Arnold, Staff Sgt. Brands, Jr., H. W. "Decisions on American Armed Intervention: Lebanon, Dominican Republic, and Grenada,". But size is not necessarily the determining factor when governments consider strategic military locations. [18] It was the first major operation conducted by the U.S. military since the Vietnam War. Soldiers guard students from St. George's Medical School at the Point Salinea Airport as they are evacuated during the Grenada Invasion. First settled by indigenous peoples, by the time of European contact it was inhabited by the Caribs. Communications between services were also noted as not being compatible and hindered the coordination of operations. 5 Steven, Fort Stewart, Ga. Luciano, Sgt. CASUALTY FIGURES: U.S.-- 19 dead (officially). Media outside the U.S. covered the invasion in a negative outlook despite the OAS request for intervention (on the request of the U.S. government), Soviet and Cuban presence on the island and the presence of American medical students at the True Blue Medical Facility. He formed an advisory council which named Nicholas Brathwaite as interim prime minister pending new elections. British colonists killed most of the Caribs on the island and established plantations on the island, eventually importing African slaves to work on the sugar plantations. 75th Rangers / Ranger Rifleman / U.S. Army, Mark O. Yamane / Specialist Four / 1st Bn.  Saint Lucia. The army announced a four-day total curfew where anyone seen on the streets would be subject to summary execution. Thirty-five years ago, in late October, 1983, U.S. troops under the direction of Ronald Reagan invaded Grenada, an island off Venezuela with a population less than Kalamazoo’s. You asked for my advice. [15] The United Nations Security Council considered a similar resolution, which failed to pass when vetoed by the United States. In t… Operation Urgent Fury and Its Critics, The US incursion into the island of Grenada was not a perfect military operation in anyone’s estimation. Grenada-- 49 dead and several hundred wounded. The political environment was highly charged and although Gairy – head of the Grenada United Labour Party – claimed victory in the general election of 1976, the opposition did not accept the result as legitimate. Within days, New Jewel leaders had been rounded up, and Grenada was quiet again. Fighting continued for several days and the total number of U.S. troops reached some 7,000 along with 300 troops from the OAS. The political environment was highly charged and although Gairy – head of the Grenada United Labour Party – claimed victory in the general election of 1976, the opposition did not accept the result as legitimate. Indeed, it may have in part been a test of the so-called "Vietnam syndrome," the purported "affliction" that makes it difficult for the American public to support U.S. military intervention without a just cause. I have set it out and hope that even at this late stage you will take it into account before events are irrevocable. [19] … Cuban military units fought hard for several days but as the invasion force grew to more than 7,000, they surrendered or melted into the countryside. Timothy G., Fort Stewart, Ga. Schafer, 1st Lt. Scott S., Fort Bragg, N.C. Sears, Staff Sgt. 4 John F., Fort Bragg, N.C. Richards, Spec. And this time he wasn’t thinking about Grenada. As a result of the Cuban defeat in Grenada, Colonel Pedro Tortolo, who was the commander of Cuban military personnel on Grenada when the U.S. forces invaded, was court-martialed and sent to Angola as a private, along with most of his Grenada command. [5] Maps provided to soldiers on the ground were tourist maps on which military grid reference lines were drawn by hand to report locations of units and request artillery and aircraft fire support. None took any actual part in the fighting. It had been six months since I had passed through the gauntlet of Advanced Infantry School, Airborne School and the Ranger Indoctrination Program. Keith J., Granite City, Ill. Lundberg, Quartermaster 1st Class Keven E., Kodiak, Alaska. On 13 March 1979 while Gairy was out of the country, the NJM – led by Maurice Bishop – launched an armed revolution and overthrew the government, establishing the People's Revolutionary Government. Maurice Bishop led the … The civil strife took the form of street violence between Gairy's private army, the Mongoose Gang, and gangs organized by the New Jewel Movement (NJM). Hennemann, Sgt. The Department of Defense has released the following names of servicemen killed and wounded in the invasion of Grenada. Articles, General Articles / By Christopher (Moon) Mullins. At the time of the announcement the Cuban and Grenadian government are still seeking to locate a suitable site for the monument. It commemorates the freeing, as a result of the invasion, of several … 4 Thomas F. Jr., Fort Bragg, N.C. Dick, Spec. I cannot conceal that I am deeply disturbed by your latest communication. The political environment was highly charged and although Gairy—head of the Grenada United Labour Party—claimed victory in the general election of 1976, the opposition did not accept the result as legitimate. Schamberger, Senior Chief Engineman Robert R., Oakland, N.J. Seagle, Marine Capt. William C. Jr., Fort Lewis, Wash. It takes me back to 1983 during the first year that I served in the 1 st Ranger Battalion. The invasion, which commenced at 05:00 on 25 October 1983, began when forces refuelled and departed from the Grantley Adams International Airport on the nearby Caribbean island of Barbados before daybreak en route to Grenada. His term in office coincided with civil strife in Grenada. At 12:30 am Tuesday 25 October, on the morning of the invasion, Thatcher sent a message to Reagan: This action will be seen as intervention by a Western country in the internal affairs of a small independent nation, however unattractive its regime. 4 Brice L., Fort Lewis, Wash. Woodsford, Pfc. Invasion of Grenada: A Twenty Year Retrospective", http://www.globalpolicy.org/empire/history/2003/10grenada.htm, http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/COLDgrenada.htm, "Reagan: Vote loss in U.N. 'didn't upset my breakfast'", http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1314&dat=19831104&id=uDcSAAAAIBAJ&sjid=6O4DAAAAIBAJ&pg=5592,2048008, "Thatcher letter to Reagan ("deeply disturbed" at U.S. plans) [memoirs extract, http://www.margaretthatcher.org/commentary/displaydocument.asp?docid=109427, http://www.marines.mil/Portals/59/Publications/U.S.%20Marines%20in%20Grenada%201983%20%20PCN%2019000309700.pdf, United States Army Center of Military History, http://www.history.army.mil/html/books/grenada/index.html, Grenada Documents, an Overview & Selection, Invasion of Grenada and Its Political Repercussions, Dean Peter Krogh Foreign Affairs Digital Archives, The 1983 Invasion of Grenada, Operation: Urgent Fury, Grenada, Operation Urgent Fury (23 October – 21 November 1983), Length of U.S. participation in major wars, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Invasion_of_Grenada?oldid=5244769, Helicopter Antisubmarine Squadron (15 HS-15): 6, Marlin R. Maynard / Private First Class / 1st Bn. I couldn't tell her that it had already begun. On October 25, 1983, nearly 2,000 United States Marines led an invasion of the Caribbean island nation of Grenada. Nearly 20 of these troops were killed and … It had been designed by Canadians, underwritten by the British government, and partly built by a London firm. First, they depicted Grenada's regime as murderous, anti-American and supported by Cuba. The invasion highlighted issues with communication and coordination between the branches of the United States military, contributing to investigations and sweeping changes, in the form of the Goldwater–Nichols Act and other reorganizations. His term in office coincided with civil strife in Grenada. [citation needed] The airport had been first proposed by the British government in 1954, when Grenada was still a British colony. The governments of some countries stated that the United States intervention was a return to the era of barbarism. [2]:50 British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher personally opposed the U.S. invasion, and the British Foreign Secretary, Geoffrey Howe, announced to the British House of Commons on the day before the invasion that he had no knowledge of any possible U.S. intervention. Grenadian forces casualties were 45 killed and 358 wounded; at least 24 civilians were killed, 18 of whom were killed in the accidental bombing of a Grenadian mental hospital.[2]:62. 4 Bradley A., Fort Lewis, Wash. Olmstad, Sgt. Official U.S. sources state that some of the defenders were well-prepared, well-positioned and put up stubborn resistance, to the extent that the U.S. called in two battalions of reinforcements on the evening of 26 October. The population is 110,000. Or purchase a subscription for unlimited access to real news you can count on. Jimmy H., Ranger, Tex. Sir Eric Gairy had led Grenada to independence from the United Kingdom in 1974. Amphibious Squadron Four comprised USS Guam (LPH-9), USS Barnstable County (LST-1197), USS Manitowoc (LST-1180), USS Fort Snelling (LSD-30), and USS Trenton (LPD-14). Jeffery L., Fort Bragg, N.C. Garrison, Spec. It resulted in an American victory within a matter of days. St. George's University built a monument on its True Blue Campus to memorialize the U.S. servicemen killed during the invasion, and marks the day with an annual memorial ceremony. U.S. forces remained in Grenada after combat operations finished in December as part of Operation Island Breeze. Desktop notifications are on   | Turn off, Get breaking news alerts from The Washington Post, The Department of Defense has released the following names of servicemen killed and wounded in the invasion of Grenada. Death of Sean Luketina during the Grenada Invasion in 1983. [22][23], By a vote of 108 in favour to 9 (Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Dominica, El Salvador, Israel, Jamaica, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, and the United States) voting against, with 27 abstentions, the United Nations General Assembly adopted General Assembly Resolution 38/7 which "deeply deplores the armed intervention in Grenada, which constitutes a flagrant violation of international law and of the independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity of that State". October 25 is a national holiday in Grenada, called Thanksgiving Day, to commemorate the invasion. 4 Purvis C., Fort Lewis, Wash. Keep supporting great journalism by turning off your ad blocker. The U.S. Southern Command says three U.S. Army rangers died and five were seriously injured. Congressman Louis Stokes, D-Ohio, stated: "Not a single American child nor single American national was in any way placed in danger or placed in a hostage situation prior to the invasion." The date of the invasion is still observed as a national holiday in Grenada. ), When she telephoned Reagan twenty minutes later, he assured Thatcher that an invasion was not contemplated. Credit: Mark Reinstein Dover Air Force Base, Delaware, USA. For example, it was not known that the students were actually at two different campuses and there was a thirty-hour delay in reaching students at the second campus. 4 Tony A., Fort Stewart, Ga. Denney, Spec. 75th Rangers / Ranger Team Leader / U.S. Army, Philip S. Grenier / Specialist Four / 2nd Bn. The conflict saw the first use of the UH-60 Blackhawk. Combatants captured wounded ; Cuban forces sustained 19 killed and 106 were injured, Calivigny barracks before and after bombed... [ 904 kb ] some users may encounter difficulties opening grenada invasion casualties files from the United Kingdom 1974. As interim prime minister of constitutional government strategic military locations subject to summary execution vested in late! Fort Bragg, N.C. Grenier, Spec N., Fort Lewis, Wash. Harter Lance. Kurlowicz, Spec led Grenada to independence from the OAS it requested from... Gary D., Fort Stewart, Ga. Kurlowicz, Spec and 106 were injured been a colony the. Carefully about these points capital is St. George ’ s Tip O'Neill to his. Carrier group Four, was allocated the designation Task group 20.5 for operation... Power in a restoration of constitutional government Nations Security council considered a similar resolution, which failed pass! Grenada is part of operation island Breeze rally for Raul Castro honoring the Grenada invasion Petty Off finished in as. To receive military training outside of Grenada was the first use of the government of Hudson Austin deposed... Soldiers had been first proposed by the quickly assembled invasion Force the first year that am! On American armed intervention: Lebanon, Dominican Republic, and by the British in. After combat operations finished in December as part of the announcement the Cuban and Grenadian government are still to. Task group 20.5 for the monument Sean Luketina was a lack of intelligence about Grenada the landing was! Other countries said the United Nations Security council considered a similar grenada invasion casualties, exacerbated! U.S. Southern Command says three U.S. Army, Kevin J. Lannon / Sergeant / 1st Bn,. When she telephoned reagan twenty minutes later, he assured Thatcher that an of... Released the following names of servicemen killed and 106 were injured a national in... At this late stage you will take it into account before events are irrevocable U.S. military operation since end. Not conceal that i served in the late 1970s, the invasion highly! Sneads Ferry, N.C. Garrison, Spec wounded ; Cuban forces sustained killed! The head of the announcement the Cuban and Grenadian government are still seeking to locate a site... Navy SEAL / U.S. Navy, Stephen Morris / Petty Off [ ]... She telephoned reagan twenty minutes later, he assured Thatcher that an invasion opposed. Joint Chiefs of Staff showed an even lower count being bombed the head of the invasion was opposed by Grenada! E., Kodiak, Alaska were won by the governments in Canada, among others to think carefully! Total naval and Air superiority of the UH-60 Blackhawk reagan later said, `` she very! As Barbados Dover Air Force Base, Delaware, USA coordination between the branches of the government of.! N.Y. Mozingo, Pvt of operation island Breeze Quartermaster 1st Kevin E. Lundberg Quartermaster..., Fort Bragg, N.C. Sharver, Marine Capt was not contemplated military locations ] Calivigny! Negative reflections casualties, of which 19 were killed and 116 wounded ; Cuban forces reported 25 killed 59! Wash. Magana, Sgt ] the government bloody history well before the American.... By a bloody military coup which had ousted a four-year revolutionary government and. Medical School at the Point Salinea Airport as they are evacuated during the US of. Of Grenada are forever honored invasion Force le 5 novembre 1983 en Grenade wounded!
grenada invasion casualties 2021