, Even though walruses can dive to depths beyond 500 meters, they spend most of their time in shallow waters (and the nearby ice floes) hunting for food. Since a walrus's hide usually accounts for ab… , Another appearance of the walrus in literature is in the story "The White Seal" in Rudyard Kipling's The Jungle Book, where it is the "old Sea Vitch—the big, ugly, bloated, pimpled, fat-necked, long-tusked walrus of the North Pacific, who has no manners except when he is asleep". Arctic natives call the walrus aivik (Inuit) or aivuk (Yu'pik).  Recent multigene analysis indicates the odobenids and otariids diverged from the phocids about 20–26 million years ago, while the odobenids and the otariids separated 15–20 million years ago. However, vision in this species appears to be more suited for short-range. Walruses are relatively long-lived, social animals, and they are considered to be a "keystone species" in the Arctic marine regions. A female walrus is called: cow So next time you see a female walrus, don't call her a woman! Old males, in particular, become nearly pink.  The Atlantic walrus once ranged south to Sable Island, Nova Scotia, and as late as the 18th century was found in large numbers in the Greater Gulf of St. Lawrence region, sometimes in colonies of up to 7,000 to 8,000 individuals. , Walruses live to about 20–30 years old in the wild. Notable fictional walruses include. Enter the answer length or the answer pattern to get better results. Adult walrus are characterised by prominent tusks and whiskers, and their considerable bulk: adult males in the Pacific can weigh more than 2,000 kilograms (4,400 pounds) and, among pinnipeds, are exceeded in size only by the two species of elephant seals. The extraocular muscles of the walrus are well-developed. , The "walrus" in the cryptic Beatles song "I Am the Walrus" is a reference to the Lewis Carroll poem. You can see how Walrus families moved over time by selecting different census years. Winter Arctic landscape with. Calves: Walrus calves are weaned at about two years of age.There is a high mortality rate in walrus calves.  The Atlantic walrus also tends to have relatively shorter tusks and somewhat more flattened snout. Because skin blood vessels constrict in cold water, the walrus can appear almost white when swimming. Male walruses known as bulls are significantly larger as compared to the females which are known as cows. Create good names for games, profiles, brands or social networks.  The bears also isolate walruses when they overwinter and are unable to escape a charging bear due to inaccessible diving holes in the ice. The semen dripping out the her nose resembles walrus tusks, and since air has been forced into the semen it bubbles, thus creating the frothy part. All rights reserved. The earliest of the odobenid fossils dates back to the middle Miocene, about 14 million years ago. Much like when someone makes you laugh while drinking soda, only it semen. Tread Carefully.  A 28,000-year-old fossil walrus was dredged up from the bottom of San Francisco Bay, indicating that Pacific walruses ranged that far south during the last Ice Age. In October 2017, the Center for Biological Diversity announced they would sue the U.S. Female Pacific walruses give birth to calves during the spring migration north.  Calves are born during the spring migration, from April to June. Walruses have unusually long protruding teeth called tusks. The males possess a large baculum (penis bone), up to 63 cm (25 in) in length, the largest of any land mammal, both in absolute size and relative to body size. , The much smaller population of Atlantic walruses ranges from the Canadian Arctic, across Greenland, Svalbard, and the western part of Arctic Russia. Sexual Maturity: Female walruses sexually mature between the ages of 5-6, but they do not begin reproducing until they are 10 years of age. Now you know that a female walrus is called a cow. Mature walrus bull, photographed in Canadian High Arctic During the 19th century and the early 20th century, walruses were widely hunted and killed for their blubber, walrus ivory, and meat. Killer whales regularly attack walruses, although walruses are believed to have successfully defended themselves via counterattack against the larger cetacean. In the spring and fall, walruses congregate throughout the Bering Strait, reaching from the western coast of Alaska to the Gulf of Anadyr. Wild pigs such as the warthog have two pairs of tusks. Here, we answer one simple question: What is a female walrus called?  The meat, often preserved, is an important winter nutrition source; the flippers are fermented and stored as a delicacy until spring; tusks and bone were historically used for tools, as well as material for handicrafts; the oil was rendered for warmth and light; the tough hide made rope and house and boat coverings; and the intestines and gut linings made waterproof parkas. With wrinkled brown and pink hides, walruses are distinguished by their long white tusks, grizzly whiskers, flat flipper, and bodies full of blubber. The walrus (Odobenus rosmarus) is a large flippered marine mammal with a discontinuous distribution about the North Pole in the Arctic Ocean and subarctic seas of the Northern Hemisphere. Females weigh about two-thirds as much as males, with the Atlantic females averaging 560 kg (1,230 lb), sometimes weighing as little as 400 kg (880 lb), and the Pacific female averaging 800 kg (1,800 lb).  Reduced coastal sea ice has also been implicated in the increase of stampeding deaths crowding the shorelines of the Chukchi Sea between eastern Russia and western Alaska. In the poem, the eponymous antiheroes use trickery to consume a great number of oysters. , Commercial harvesting reduced the population of the Pacific walrus to between 50,000 and 100,000 in the 1950s-1960s. An occasional male of the Pacific subspecies far exceeds normal dimensions. The Walrus family name was found in the USA in 1880. According to Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld, European hunters and Arctic explorers found walrus meat not particularly tasty, and only ate it in case of necessity; however walrus tongue was a delicacy. , 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T15106A45228501.en, "Use of spectral analysis to test hypotheses on the origin of pinnipeds", "Phylogeny and divergence of the pinnipeds (Carnivora: Mammalia) assessed using a multigene dataset", 10.1671/0272-4634(2006)26[411:ANMOMC]2.0.CO;2, "State of Circumpolar Walrus Populations : Odobenus rosmarus", "A new tuskless walrus from the Miocene of Orange County, California, with comments on the diversity and taxonomy of odobenids". , Walruses prefer shallow shelf regions and forage primarily on the sea floor, often from sea ice platforms. Female Pacific walruses give birth to calves during the spring migration north. Perhaps its best-known appearance is in Lewis Carroll's whimsical poem "The Walrus and the Carpenter" that appears in his 1871 book Through the Looking-Glass. While there has been some debate as to whether all three lineages are monophyletic, i.e. This blubber keeps them warm and the fat provides energy to the walrus. , The walrus has a diverse and opportunistic diet, feeding on more than 60 genera of marine organisms, including shrimp, crabs, tube worms, soft corals, tunicates, sea cucumbers, various mollusks, and even parts of other pinnipeds. They winter over in the Bering Sea along the eastern coast of Siberia south to the northern part of the Kamchatka Peninsula, and along the southern coast of Alaska. The term divergens in Latin means "turning apart", referring to their tusks. Like true seals, they just have a hole for an ear - not ear flaps. Their faces feature two small eyes, a mustache and two long tusks.Walruses weigh from 600 to 1,500 kilograms (1,320 to 3,300 lbs.) 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