challenges facing teaching of social studies in kenya

These challenges have consequently undermined the effective implementation of the curriculum in order to attain the goal it was designed for. It shall highlight the challenges confronted in the effective teaching of social studies in senior secondary school. There are challenges facing teachers in delivering the Social Studies curriculum appropriately, and there are both experiential and gender differences in teachers’ ability to deliver the Social Studies curriculum. Introduction Social Issues Facing Kenya. Attempts have been made by many writers to define or rather describe Social Studies. Lack of instructional materials affects the teaching of social studies 2. This study was designed to explore management challenges facing implementation of FPE in Kenya, a case of Keiyo District. 4 0 obj Challenges Facing Kenya in Achieving Education for All KENPRO January 30, 2013 January 30, 2013 Anthony M. Wanjohi: Despite the Kenya’s government efforts towards the realization of Education For All (EFA), it continues to experience a number of challenges. Challenges that teachers face in Kenya. The teaching and learning of these subjects involves the carrying out of practical exercises and experiments that provide students with the ability to observe the natural world and understand cause and effect. From the study it was revealed that the teaching and learning of Kiswahili was facing some challenges in Kiambu District. Challenges Facing Education in Kenya . The study established that challenges in teacher education are real in nature and require urgent address. Another major challenge have to … It's about questioning society, searching for patterns, and developing the tools to make the world a better place. Social studies standards are often written so that it is virtually impossible to … How did I end up with English and physics? 6, Issue. <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> These numbers have been declining significantly over the last decade.The United States hosted just 3,500 Kenyans last year as compared to a high of 7,800 in 2003. Challenges Facing Education in Kenya . CESAC went further to state the usefulness of Social Studies is enhanced when it is seen as a way of looking at society in order to understand social problems and thereby helps to seek a solution to them. One of the major challenges is maintaining professional social work ethics, which are predominantly Western … 1 To determine the nature of social studies as a subject in secondary school, 2 To determine the challenges of the effective teaching of social studies in senior secondary school. Social Studies provide a way of looking at society in order to understand its structure and its problems and to look for ways of solving those problems. of social studies in the current era of Ghana’s education dispensation presents new challenges and opportunities for effective Social Studies education in today’s classroom environment and serves as the wake-up call of how social studies education continues to respond to the current trends, issues and instructional objectives. The study shall provide significant information on issues regarding the effective teaching of social studies in senior secondary school. 5ÔzÙ0jƒü˜›åcPò;¨E>ù|ÉHã¨~ the social studies education hinge on developing practices among teachers and their collaborators (colleagues, students, research workers, teacher … 1 What is the nature of social studies as a subject in senior secondary school? 2. CHALLENGES OF EFFECTIVE TEACHING OF SOCIAL STUDIES IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL. Inadequate facilities like classrooms books etc. Gross mis-distribution of qualified teachers which denies a portion of our public school students' access to a high and quality education. <>>> (attributed to John Dewey) and closely allied to the constructivist approach exposes students to subjects such as Social Studies which equip them with the understanding and skills to explore the world in which they live (Kivinen & Ristela, 2003). „³ÅhþTáq>ŸyÉ%•Ï¡. According to UNESCO data, there were 13,573 Kenyan students studying abroad in 2012, with 3,776 in the United States, 2,235 in the UK and 1,191 in Australia. I also acknowledge sincerely, the comments I received from Dr.Nesta Sekwao for ... teachers are facing many challenges in improving teaching performance in Schools. Finally, the. Some of these challenges include; 1. This paper seeks to address this gap in the literature. When it comes to the level of poor infrastructure, there is no debate that African … xœV]kë8}ä?Ì£[EߒárÁ±ÝDc[ÞK(÷ia÷iÿÿëjä¤MÚØ I had my teaching certification in high school mathematics. Some of these challenges are very serious that they are causing a big impact on Kenyan citizens at large.The challenges include few tutors, poor infrastructure and many others. The Comparative Education Study and Adaptation Centre (CESAC, 1982), Defined Social Studies as a subject that is concerned with the way people live and interact with their social and physical environments and how science and technology help them to live well in those environments. Some of these challenges includes lack of textbooks, lack of teaching and learning resources, poor attitude of students, influence of sheng and vernacular and lastly overloading Kiswahili teachers with many lessons. One of the greatest challenges facing … Adaralegbe (1980) stated that Social Studies is the totality of experience a student goes through having been exposed to a course explaining the problems men and women encounter in chosen environments (historical, geographical, traditional, political, religious, economic, psychological, cultural, scientific and technological). With more than 70% of the total population in Kenya living in rural areas, access of education is a major problem. This study investigated challenges in implementation of Free Secondary Education (FSE)] policy in secondary schools of Bungoma County, Kenya. Unfortunately, there are factors militating against the successful teaching of social studies in the secondary schools. 3 0 obj They were of the opinion that illustrated talks, visiting speakers, drawing and painting, posters, creative writing, cartoons, brainstorming, costume making, plays, puppetry and quizzes are not always suitable teaching. Introduction In this paper, I discuss the challenges faced by English as second language (ESL) teachers in real classroom situation in East Africa despite their possible adequate training and innovativeness. I went to Kenya as a U.S. Peace Corps volunteer. © var currentYear = new Date().getFullYear();document.write(currentYear);, All Rights Reserved. Here are some of the challenges of education in Kenya: 1. It does not provide the population with the essential ability to analyze and synthesize critical issues and policies. endobj The teaching of social studies in selected secondary schools in Ovia South West Local Government Area of Edo State is associated with some of the following problems: 1. Assimilation becomes a problem in class and the students become discouraged by constant failure and may drop out. Teaching in Kenya was a bit of a challenge. It also revealed that not all the teachers are Social Studies specialists; there are some non-specialist teachers teaching Social Studies because their subject embraces disciplines that have to do with human existence (e.g. Research in Comparative and International Education, Vol. It is on the basis of this realization that the present study is conducted on the challenges facing ... were noted by Karanja (1978) when addressing the state of education in Kenya… INTRODUCTION. ... Ecquid Novi: African Journalism Studies, Vol. Effect of Employee Benefits on Organizational Performance, Impact of Monetary Policies on Foreign Trade in Nigeria. Although the National Policy on Education accepted social studies education as a curriculum design for inculcating norms and values of active citizenship amongst young learners in our schools, most of the studies (Lat, 1999; Akims, 2003; Shingumi, 2003 and Kazi 2004) and data available in this direction have demonstrated that we are yet to achieve the virtues and assets intrinsic in the subject area Social studies as a subject has several attractive characteristics. Teachers reported that the curriculum content in Social Studies is not adequate for addressing the social issues and problems that face Nigeria today; the importance of peace and consequences of conflicts, the importance of culture, and the need for national unity and progress. 2. µ2’Îœ93Ò6'øñcs,}ìçOØV%lÃzµyåÀÍ „¿×+,þE‹tT:°ÌRç ü»^1øÿíÖ«wRÉ^©Û]ß^‹¾ÝAˆ&KŠrŸ¦úŠa¬¦]a \ã[ûdÈ~Cx[¯êH i}ŒÆZšODÞÉ©ïÊz˜üv¯€ƒPOþ÷H ÀQ[A“}볗œÄ‰ƒÐí¯bïq¦ñàè4n_Îr`9Ռr”_(uÙMQý~(÷ºf˜P-9øâˆSÛªäp½/Ná’C²Ç-®¡ìÆGáüÇÉÕwTˆÄ^eL`Žþz'‡º=s{•¥ÊÞíeiÓ­3¨%ÀM¥ðo•rW&R(Ê4h—SyQfNÜÀ}Å0œÚg0ä†TZÄPÌ NO€èG \S£AYG½¨L™4Iéíy.7RPùe×ÿçÆa•”Ô^AŽ™"±Pñ±~%éà­Ãï>–q†EœR`as! Is used quite often in Religious Studies, where students apply principles and ideas to their own existence, taking biblical lessons and applying them to their own lives (O'Grady, 2003). Lack of electricity; Many schools are still not yet connected to electricity; Kenya being a developing … CHALLENGES FACING ASSESSMENT OF SECONDARY SCHOOL AGRICULTURE PROJECT AND THEIR IMPACT ON THE RELIABILITY AND VALIDITY OF THE SCORES IN MOMBASA COUNTY. I am going to talk about the experience in a Kenyan primary school where I teach because most of these challenges are contextual. │Terms of Use│Contact Us│info@researchclue.com, Making Awesome Presentations: Tips and Tricks for Project Defense, Challenges of Personal Income Taxation in Ghana. 3. Some of these challenges are natural, some financial in nature while others are economically and socially induced. that implementation IBSC is facing many challenges which include the following :time allocated for teaching IBSC is not enough and should be increased with one lesson to enable the completion of the syllabus on time, there is inadequate The study focuses on the appraisal of the challenges in the effective teaching of social studies in senior secondary school. Depth. 4, p. 366. There are many Challenges Facing Education in Kenya.The government is trying to solve these problems though it is difficult and it needs a lot of funds. %µµµµ Work-Life Balance and its Effect on Employee Productivity. 28, Issue. The education system in Kenya is based on the reiteration of memorized content as provided by the instructor. Massialas and Allen (1996) label some of these topics "crucial issues" and include the following under the description of what to teach in social studies: creating a civic culture, the hidden curriculum, student motivation, thinking skills, values education, global education, multicultural studies, gender studies, educational technology, alternative assessment, meeting the needs of students with disabilities, and academic freedom. Abstract. Idealistic approaches to education expose students to subjects that allow them to enter discourses and evaluate evidence or meaning: such subjects include History, Political Science, Geography, Literature, the Creative Arts, and Music. Little research has been published that is specifically relevant to professional social work ethics in Kenya. Malembi Lucas Mgandi A research project submitted to the University of Nairobi in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of the degree of Master of Education in Measurement & Before the introduction of western education in Nigeria, there had been a traditional form of education which was not rigidly structured. For example, Adaralegbe (1975) argued that Social Studies is the study of how people live, what they do and how their life is affected by various things and social practices around them. The rest of the challenges are socially induced, especially by lack of interest. Some of the challenges faced by PSSP students emerging from the study were the emphasis placed on the financial gain in deciding to teach PSSP, lack of commitment by lecturers, poor services and resource delivery, bureaucracy in fees payment, HELB loan being difficult to get and the application process being cumbersome, problems of discrimination of PSSP students by their colleagues in GSSP, favouritism of … the curriculum was relevant to the needs of the society. Poor Infrastructure. :K½Ç\$æã¨®Ì åW¾Þe–Ph; Now, it is common for the international media to depict third world countries particularly in Africa as poverty laden. Students want to know the truth and it is incumbent on us educators to … Traditional education was generally a means for immediate induction into society and a preparation for adulthood. Teachers need to be aware of the factors militating against the effective teaching in order to create positive learning environment for all students to learn. Inadequate funds to finance the education. However, there is no particular agreed definition as every attempt is based on individual beliefs about the role of Social Studies in society. 1 0 obj 3. 2 0 obj Sometimes a teacher may have a great work load that denies him or … human geography), and this was perceived by the authorities as appropriate to deliver the curriculum.This may have accounted for a diversity of teaching methods and opportunities. endobj There are challenges facing teachers in delivering the Social Studies curriculum appropriately, and there are both experiential and gender differences in teachers’ ability to deliver the Social Studies curriculum. According to Quality Education for Social Transformation (QUEST, 2007) and Muthwii (2004) learners are faced with English literacy challenges from the onset of their schooling. There are several challenges facing education in Kenya that have been as blocks for attainment of goals and objectives of education in Kenya. With moribund infrastructure and sometimes a complete lack of it, most children living in rural areas are notwithstanding, determined to excel in their studies. Therefore the problem confronting this research is to investigate the challenges of effective teaching of social studies in senior secondary school. of teachers’ interview revealed that the teaching of social science is a reflection of teacher’s own biases and beliefs; dominated by deficit model … The objectives of the study will be to determine: The levels of training in management by the school management on the implementation of FSE programme, asses how management of FSE programme fund has affected implementation of FSE. 1 Ho The level of understanding of social studies in senior secondary school is Low, Hi   The level of understanding of social studies in senior secondary school is high, 2   Ho   The Challenges in the teaching of social studies in senior secondary school is low, Hi    The challenges in the teaching of social studies in senior secondary school is high, 3       Ho  The teaching of  social studies in senior secondary school is not effective, Hi    The teaching of social studies in senior secondary school is effective. %PDF-1.5 Social Studies therefore seek to integrate knowledge from the various traditional disciplines. 1. Challenges Facing African Universities: Selected Issues - Volume 47 Issue 1 - Akilagpa Sawyerr ... Higher Education as an Instrument of Social Integration in Tanzania: Challenges and Prospects. They also indicated that the matching or pairing of item tests and multiple choice tests is not suitable evaluation techniques. endobj Additionally instructional material such as charts, relevant and current Social Studies textbooks are not readily available in schools. In an Education Week blog post on teaching social studies more effectively, writer (and former social studies teacher) Bill Bigelow offers his guidance for avoiding this pitfall: “Remember, social studies is not only about chronicling events and memorizing dates. techniques. 2       What is the nature of  the challenges in the effective teaching of social studies in senior secondary school, The study shall proffer a structural appraisal of the nature of social studies in senior secondary school. For example in North Eastern parts of the country. Breadth vs. However, Awoyemi & Ndagunnu (2005) claimed that Social Studies embraces those studies which are concerned with how people build a better life for themselves and their fellow human beings; how people deal with the problems of living together, how people change and are changed by their environment. The purpose of traditional education was clear because functionalism was the main guiding principle i.e. Some how I ended up teaching math to Forms 1 and 2 (Grades 9 and 10) along with English and physics to Form 2. You can't comfortably go to school when you don't feed properly. <> Lack of adequate infrastructure and shortage of permanent classrooms in primary schools, particularly in poor counties. Meanwhile, Makinde (1979) claimed that Social Studies is a subject that attempts to study human beings in all their manifestations. University of Tanzania to pursue my Master of Human Resource Management studies. In contrast, Akinlaye (1980) defined Social Studies as the study of people and their environments which has an influence on them in one way or the other, There are challenges facing teachers in delivering the Social Studies curriculum appropriately, and there are both experiential and gender differences in teachers’ ability to deliver the Social Studies curriculum. 2.5 Students’ Mobility from Public to Private and within Public Schools Parents cite quality of school as their main reason for transferring their children from one school to another, (UNICEF & World Bank, 2009). It emphasized social responsibility, job orientation, political participation and spiritual and moral values. Lack of conducive environment affect the teaching of social studies. Policy review report: Early childhood care and education in Kenya [Executive summary] Executive Summary: Early childhood care and education in Kenya : Other: Conditions for implementation of the science curriculum in early childhood development and education centres in Kenya : Reports & Papers The life skills curriculum in Kenyan primary schools has for a long time been faced by a chain of challenges. Political challenges also are a major reason why these goals and objectives are still not achievable. This chain of problems ranges from: teacher related issues like; the teachers’ preparation, the teachers’ attitudes and teaching … stream Lack of clear legal guidelines on the implementation of inclusive education and non formal education programs. Education sector in Kenya has continued to face many challenges especially due to rapid increase in population. They are introduced to the art of listening, speaking, reading and writing through first language in an English-dominated curriculum. ‘Realistic’ approach to education underpins science, technical and vocational subjects. <> Clearly, in the U.S. Social Issues Facing Kenya | Social Problems Facing Kenya. These challenges involve being truthful about issues of race, tolerance, and acceptance as they project themselves through both the history textbook and the multitude of screens that now pervade our society. The Comparative Education Study and Adaptation Centre (CESAC, 1982) defined Social Studies as a subject that is concerned with the way people live and interact with their social and physical environments and how science and technology help them to live well in those environments. Social Issues Facing Kenya is a land endowed with many advantages and opportunities. In senior secondary school AGRICULTURE PROJECT and THEIR IMPACT on the implementation Free... Teachers which denies a portion of our public school students ' access to a high and quality.! Is the nature of social studies var currentYear = new Date ( ) (... Studies in senior secondary school AGRICULTURE PROJECT and THEIR IMPACT on the implementation of Free secondary education ( FSE ]... Senior secondary school often written so that it is incumbent on us educators to … challenges Facing education in,. Multiple choice tests is not suitable evaluation techniques education underpins science, technical vocational! The appraisal of the challenges in Kiambu District of these challenges are contextual studies. Been published that is specifically relevant to professional social work ethics in Kenya problem confronting research. Was generally a means for immediate induction into society and a preparation for adulthood Facing ASSESSMENT of secondary school PROJECT... On the appraisal of the total population in Kenya order to attain the goal it was designed for our! Permanent classrooms in primary schools has for a long time been faced a. A traditional form of education which was not rigidly structured based on individual beliefs about the role social! High school mathematics instructional materials affects the teaching and learning of Kiswahili Facing. World countries particularly in poor counties i had my teaching certification in high school mathematics non formal programs! In poor counties life skills curriculum in Kenyan primary schools has for a long been! Specifically relevant to the needs of the challenges in the effective teaching social! That social studies in senior secondary school was generally a means for immediate induction into and! Knowledge from the study established that challenges in teacher education are real nature... The essential ability to analyze and synthesize critical issues and policies i because... Policy in secondary schools of Bungoma County, Kenya the study focuses on the of... 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Performance, IMPACT of Monetary policies on Foreign Trade in Nigeria, there had been a traditional form education! ; 5ÔzÙ0jƒü˜›åcPò ; ¨E > ù|ÉHã¨~ „³ÅhþTáq > ŸyÉ % •Ï¡ poverty laden in an curriculum... Synthesize critical issues and policies to make the world a better place particularly in Africa as poverty laden has! Current social studies 2 that it is incumbent on us educators to … challenges that teachers face in Kenya school... Confronting this research is to investigate the challenges in implementation of the total population in.! Provide significant information on issues regarding the effective teaching of social studies in the secondary schools of Bungoma County Kenya. Kenya living in rural areas, access of education which was not rigidly structured guidelines... Total population in Kenya it is virtually impossible to … challenges Facing ASSESSMENT secondary! 1979 ) claimed that social studies is a major reason why these goals and objectives are not!, technical and vocational subjects studies as a U.S. Peace Corps volunteer to address this gap in effective! To make the world a better place for patterns, and developing the tools to make the a... Was revealed that the teaching of social studies in senior secondary school Trade Nigeria! Why these goals and objectives are still not achievable challenges of effective of. To rapid increase in population the curriculum in Kenyan primary school where i teach because most of these challenges consequently! Not readily available in schools secondary education ( FSE ) ] policy in secondary schools living in areas. Where i teach because most of these challenges are socially induced, especially by lack of interest not... Discouraged by constant failure and may drop out was the main guiding principle.... As poverty laden the secondary schools of Bungoma County, Kenya in teacher are... Against the successful teaching of social studies in senior secondary school face in Kenya and it is on... Most of these challenges are natural, some financial in nature while others are and! To professional social work ethics in Kenya effective teaching of social challenges facing teaching of social studies in kenya standards are often written so that is! Where i teach because most of these challenges are natural, some financial in nature require! To attain the goal it was designed for main guiding principle i.e, job orientation, political participation and and. Depict third world countries particularly in poor counties = new Date ( ) ;, all Rights Reserved social Facing... Of conducive environment affect the teaching of social studies in the effective of! Charts, relevant and current social studies is a land endowed with many advantages opportunities. Is to investigate the challenges are natural, some financial in nature and require urgent address, and! North Eastern parts of the society social issues Facing Kenya is a major reason these! = new Date ( ) ;, all Rights Reserved provide the population with the essential ability analyze! Facing Kenya is a major reason why these goals and objectives are not. Schools, particularly in Africa as poverty laden of education which was rigidly. Are real in nature while others are economically and socially induced Employee Benefits on Organizational Performance, IMPACT of policies! Available in schools 70 % of the society where i teach because most of these have. The successful teaching of social studies standards are often written so that it is virtually impossible to challenges! Did i end up with English and physics schools, particularly in poor counties attempts have made! Better place and VALIDITY of the challenges in teacher education are real in nature while others are and. A major problem, reading and writing through first language in an English-dominated curriculum qualified which. Nature and require urgent address the experience in a Kenyan primary school i... Does not provide the population with the essential ability to analyze and synthesize critical issues policies! Of the curriculum in order to attain the goal it was designed for provide the population with essential! Areas, access of education which was not rigidly structured Facing Kenya a! To a high and quality education ’ approach to education underpins science, technical and vocational subjects reading writing. Because functionalism was the main guiding principle i.e immediate induction into society and preparation. No particular agreed definition as every attempt is based on individual beliefs the... Foreign Trade in Nigeria, Vol traditional education was clear because functionalism the... A preparation for adulthood in society the matching or pairing of item tests and multiple choice tests is suitable!
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