The fourth largest state by area, it ranks 44th in population, and averages fewer than 7 humans per square mile. 18. This park is the Beaver Creek Park located in Hill County, Montana. 11. The first large-scale European exploration of the area occurred shortly later, when the Lewis and Clark Expedition, headed by Meriwether Lewis and William Clark, set off from Missouri to explore the newly acquired land. You can see many of these animals at the National Bison Range close to Missoula. It stands 585 feet high. If you walk around the little shack that sits on the vortex, the … The Clark Fork discharges the greatest volume of water of any river exiting the state. See the full list of the 50 states and their borders here. Almost 40,000 Montanans volunteered or drafted for the war. This park is a combination of Alberta’s Waterton Lakes National Park in Canada and the Glacier National Park in Montana. 9. Montana’s top natural resources are copper, gold, silver and sapphires. Some of these animals are elk, bison (the largest land mammal in North America), grizzly bears and buffaloes. By sinjun. Beyond Montana’s amazing landscape and national parks, there are 12 Native American tribes in the state, and they represent 6.3 percent of the population. One of the state’s most valuable resources is petroleum. They are mining and agriculture. 5. Available Formats. The vast grasslands seemed ideal for cattle, but a severe winter in 1886–87 virtually wiped out the herds. You can’t really talk about American culture and history without learning about the Native Americans, and Montana is a wonderful place to experience Native American cultures and traditions. The nearest airport is 175 miles away while the nearest bus line is 85 miles away. It is called the “Big Sky Country” and it is also called “The Treasure State”. The Plains Indians were the first people to settle in Montana. This is not surprising because the state is an important center of livestock farming. It joined the United States in 1889 as the 41st state. The United States acquired territory including Montana through the Louisiana Purchase of 1803. An estimated 1800 grizzly bears are thought to be alive today. Western Montanais characterized by the Rocky Mountains, of which there are 77 named ranges in the state. The first non-Native American explorers known to have set foot in Montana were the members of the Lewis and Clark Expedition (1804–06). Montana has a huge population of wild buffalo. After the westward expansion of the United States, the Flathead were forcibly moved to their present reservation in the Flathead valley. Plains Indians began to arrive from the east in the 17th century, drawn westward by abundant migratory wildlife. In Helena, Montana it is illegal to throw an item across a street. Cattle ranching had also become a large industry and farming grew as a result of homesteading in the area. This triple divide allows water to flow into the Atlantic Ocean, The Hudson Bay (when considered an Arctic tributary) and the Pacific Ocean. Montana has one of the world’s largest collections of dinosaur fossils. Three of the five entrances to Yellowstone National Park are in Montana. 14. Fork Peak Reservoir of Missouri River is the largest reservoir in the state. Take your time. Montana They call Montana Big Sky Country. MC Lark the western meadowlark shows Barry the bald eagle around the state, from Helena to Billings. Montana is the home of the world’s First International Peace Park. Marcus Daly (1841–1900), an Irish immigrant, left a legacy of physical structures throughout Montana. The legendary Native American chief Sitting Bull has a town named after his daughter. The earliest Spanish settlers named the state “montaña” and it means mountain in Spanish. Although Montana is very conservative in presidential elections (it has not voted for a Democrat since 1964), it is more liberal than most states in the upper Rocky Mountains region. Montana has a unique feature called a triple divide. Of the state’s 56 counties, 46 counties have average populations of just 6 people or less per square mile. Few places in the US feel as wild as this state, where grizzly bears are common in the wilderness and big cities feel like small towns. Eager to secure the area and its mineral wealth for the union, the federal government established Montana Territory in 1864 with Bannack, on Grasshopper Creek, as its first capital, and Virginia City, in Alder Gulch, as its second. This is the only site that has physical proof of the presence of these explorers. After a few years of bumper crops and high prices, a series of dry years brought financial disaster and mass exodus. The largest city in Montana is Billings and the capital city is Helena. This is a huge contribution of manpower by any state in the U.S. during the time. Choose one to start playing: Take Quiz: Single Page HTML format. One of the largest steer in world history rests in the O’Fallon Museum in Montana. Montana has a large international border with Canada. Timeline. The Pend d’Oreille had a territory around Flathead Lake, the Kalispell were in the mountains west of there, and the Flathead occupied the Clark Fork and Bitterroot valleys. 1700s - French fur traders enter the region. The city of Loma in Montana has the world record for the greatest temperature change in 24 hours. 24. 10. The temperature changed a whopping 103 degrees Fahrenheit moving from -54 degrees Fahrenheit to 49 degrees Fahrenheit. Beaverhead County (5,543 sq mi) is the largest county in Montana. The motto of Montana is “oro y plata” and this means “gold and silver” in Spanish. 33. This state has at least eight federally recognized Native American tribes. You can fit the states of Delaware, Pennsylvania, New York, Maryland, Virginia and the District of Columbia into Montana. West Yellowstone History Facts and Timeline (West Yellowstone, Montana - MT, USA) This rustic southern Montana town lies near the Wyoming state line and grew up alongside the Yellowstone National Park and its western gateway. Incorporated in April 1883, the city later transitioned to its current city manager/city commission form of government in January 1922. Missionaries from St. Louis travelled to Montana in the early 1840s and e… Montana is a fascinating montage to Native American heritage, Wild West pioneering and natural beauty. U.S. exploration and settlement. Trailblazers carved the northern Overland Route to Montana from the east, the Bozeman Trail from the southeast, and Mullan Road westward from Fort Benton, the head of navigation for steamboats on the Missouri. On November 8, 1889, Montana was admitted as the 41st state. This motto is taken from the gold and silver deposits in the state. Starting with his development of the Alice mine in Butte, he then founded the community of Anaconda where he built a smelter. Home to Glacier National Park and Little Bighorn battlefield, Montana has lots of amazing scenery and history … Montana is the 43rd most populous and the 4th most extensive of the 50 states of the United States. Montana (engl. The first non-Native American explorers known to have set foot in Montana were the members of the Lewis and Clark Expedition (1804–06). Good luck. Beginning about 1900, homesteaders began pouring into the plains country to bust the sod and grow grain on semiarid, largely nonirrigated land. Montana has the largest County Park in the United States. Editorial Staff. Montana's diverse geography covers more than 147,000 square miles, making it … The Pend d'Oreille were found around Flathead Lake, … 39. The 26. By. Montana Historical Facts. 1. Montana entered the union, officially becoming a state November 8,1889. 16. There are no Democratic senators from Utah, Idaho, Wyoming, North Dakota or South Dakota. The origin of the name “Montana” comes from the Spanish word for “mountainous.”. This is a brief quiz on Montana history. Brief History of Montana. 20 questions, rated Difficult. Montana's history was heavily dominated by its "Copper Kings". In the 1880s, the railroad arrived in Montana bringing even more growth to the state. Beaverhead, Chouteau, Custer, Deer Lodge, Gallatin, Jefferson, Lewis And Clark, Madison and Missoula Counties was the original 9 counties created on February 02, 1865.; Petroleum County was the last county created on August 27, 1912.; County Size Facts. During World War I, approximately 1500 Montanans died and 2437 were injured. Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. July 2007 was the hottest month ever recorded in Montana. After proving his courage while still a young boy, Tatanka Iyotaka, more widely known as Sitting Bull, was given his name by his father. Cattle and sheep grazing in Great Plains Montana started in the 1860s, when herds were driven overland from Texas. The state is also the world’s leading producer of talc, a mineral used in cosmetics. 15. In the area, it is slightly larger than Japan. Montana has many lakes. This is why these counties are considered “frontier counties”. Montana has a very low population density. You can visit The Battle of Little Big Horn, where Custer made his last stand. 65 Interesting Facts About Montana. Montana attained statehood on November 8, 1889, becoming the 41st state to join the union. continue reading on the next page (find about Montana state: size, population, demonym, highest and lowest point, length and width, National Parks, governor, motto, tree, song, bird, butterfly, fish, flower, fossil, gem, grass, mammal, Time Zone etc.). The State of Montana was organized as territory on May 26, 1864 and entered the union as the 41st state on Nov. 8, 1889. It is the only state in the U.S. to share a land border with three Canadian provinces (British Columbia, Alberta, and Saskatchewan). Gold was first discovered in Montana in 1852. The smokestack in Anaconda, Montana is one of the tallest brick structures in the world. 22. Montana also has two popular slogans associated with its name – the “land of the shining mountains” and the “last best place.” Montana has more than a 100 mountain ranges in its western half. 21. Native Americans were the first inhabitants of the area to become known as the state of Montana. Montana, constituent state of the United States of America. In fact, the Glacier National Park is host to 250 lakes and many of them are within Montana’s boundaries. As pressure from U.S. settlers increased, the Native Americans fought to protect their hunting grounds. Bannack is the first territorial capital of Montana. Columbia Falls is home to the Montana Vortex and House of Mystery, “A genuine quantum or gravitational anomaly that may re-define the laws of physics and nature.”. In fact, deer, antelope and elk outnumber humans here. This is because of the rich mining history of this city. Montana has two popular nicknames. Jeremy Wheaton / Flickr. The name Montana comes from a Spanish word meaning mountainous. Montana is home to one of the largest earth-filled dam in the world. 48. The tallest point in Montana is the Granite Peak. The State of Montana is bordered by Idaho (west), North Dakota (east), South Dakota (southeast), Wyoming (south), British Columbia, Canada and Alberta, Canada. The so-called “War of the Copper Kings” was won by Marcus Daly, whose Anaconda Company became one of the largest mining conglomerates in the world. As one example of this, Montana is represented by one Democrat and one Republican in the Senate. It stands at a height of 12,807 feet. In the early 21st century, rising petroleum prices sparked renewed interest in the exploitation of Montana’s vast coal reserves. Montana is the 4th largest state in size, but the 44th in population. A band of Nez Percé under Chief Joseph won a battle in the Big Hole Basin the following year and fled toward Canada, only to be met and defeated by U.S. troops a few miles south of the international boundary. Butte subsequently became known as the “Richest Hill on Earth,” and the world’s largest smelter was built at nearby Anaconda. Montana Quick Facts. Professor of Geography, University of Montana, Missoula. Montana is the 41st state to be formed in the U.S. preceded by South Dakota and succeeded by Washington. . 1. 44. The Desert Land Act of 1877, allowed settlement of Arid Lands and allocated 640 acres to settlers for a fee of $0.25 per acre and a promise to irrigate the land. 38. 9. The company smashed the mining unions, influenced the state legislature, acquired almost all of Montana’s daily newspapers, and virtually controlled the state for three-fourths of a century. It is also the largest landlocked U.S. state. These birds are striking because they have wingspans of about nine feet. It was incorporated into the union on November 8, 1889. Montana Territory as a Original County: Fort Benton: Custer: 1865: Montana Territory as a Original County called Big Horn County, name changed in 1877: Miles City: Daniels: 1920: Sheridan and Valley Counties: Scobey: Dawson: 1869: Unorganized lands: Glendive: Deer Lodge: 1865: Original County: Anaconda: Fallon: 1913: Custer County: Baker: Fergus: 1885: Original County: Lewistown: Flathead: 1893 Archaeological evidence shows a human presence in Montana beginning about 7,000 years ago. This is probably why the grizzly bear is the state animal of Montana. There are also reptiles such as alligator lizards, skinks and venomous vipers. Butte, Montana is called the “richest hill on planet earth”. Montana is known as "Big Sky Country". Montana native, Jeanette Rankin was elected to Congress in 1916 and re-elected in 1940. Montana — History and Culture. 20. The state’s capital is Helena. The park experiences 1000-3000 earthquakes annually and is also home to supervolcanoes. It was a severe defeat for the U. S. military. The Dakota (Sioux) and Cheyenne won their last major victory in June 1876, against U.S. Cavalry led by Gen. George Armstrong Custer at the Battle of the Little Bighorn. 47. 17. 4. Someone in Washington D.C. misread the application and returned it with the name “Roy.”. Only three states— Alaska, Texas, and California —have an area larger than Montana’s, and only two states—Alaska and Wyoming —have a lower population density. Montana offers almost 28 million acres of public lands, almost 30 percent of the state’s total acreage. 8. 2. 35. 3. 31. 32. This steer was about six feet tall and weighed an impressive 3,980 pounds. It has 56 Counties. See the full list of the 50 states and their borders here. Montana is home to approximately 8,000 moose. This snowflake had an incredible diameter of 15 inches. The continental divide is responsible for an extreme climate since the opposing Arctic and Pacific atmospheres link up to create a dramatic weather clash. 19. Montana has a large population of native Americans. VOTE NOW: Is Montana Gov. Though you are exploring fun Montana facts here in this article. The first industry in Montana was trapping, close on the heels of the Lewis and Clark expedition of 1804-06, according to the state’s official website. It is preserved as a ghost town today. Gold prospectors flocked in after rich placer deposits were discovered in the early 1860s. Montana Fun Facts and Trivia. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The town of Ekalaka in Montana is named after the daughter of this famous chief. It means “with water.” “I’d like a Jack Daniel’s ditch, please” means, “I’d like a Jack Daniel’s and water.” This is not a joke. 27. The Yellowstone River runs through parts of Montana. A few facts about Montana’s history reveal just how special the state’s history is. 40. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. That trend continued into the 21st century, though at a markedly slower pace than in the preceding decades. In August 1959, a deadly earthquake of 7.5 magnitude strike the west of Yellowstone National Park. The US gained control of modern-day Montana in 1803, when the French sold the rights to the Louisiana Purchase to President Thomas Jefferson. Fun Facts. At the Rocky Mountain Front Eagle Migration Area west of Great Falls, more golden eagles have been seen in a … 37. Most of the other tribes are now living on reservations within their respective territories. Big Hole National Battlefield, western Montana. Tourists would visit the park and the Old Faithful geyser by stagecoach and stay in the town at the Madison Hotel. The United States acquired territory including Montana through the Louisiana Purchase of 1803. William Clark's carved signature, Pompeys Pillar, south-central Montana. Montana shepherds spent many lonely hours piling rocks into high stacks called cairns. Its four bordering states are South Dakota, Wyoming, Idaho, and North Dakota. Some of these resources are zinc, copper, silver, lead, oil, manganese, gold, timber and zinc. This river is definitely the longest un-dammed river in the lower 48 states. 30. Montana has the largest variety of mammals in the United States. Montana has the largest migratory elk herd in the nation. Billings is the only city in Montana to have a population of more than 100,000 people while approximately 75,000 people live in Helena. The members of the Lewis and Clark expedition were the first white explorers known to have set foot in Montana. In 1892, Walter H. Peck established a post office on his ranch, requesting the name “Ray” in honor of a relative. Montana is large enough to contain six American states. 25. This is the Montana Yogo Sapphire. And that’s how Roy, Montana was named. Created out of the Idaho Territory in 1864, the name Montanais a derivation of the Latin word "montaanus" which means mountainous. So that means there's lots of room to fly! . The largest snowflake ever observed was seen in Fort Keogh, Montana. The only early trading post to survive as a present-day town is Fort Benton, which was established in 1846 and became an important port on the Missouri River. 7. Montana (nicknamed: the Treasure State) has 56 counties. 23. Montana is the first state in the United States to elect a woman to Congress. Her’s was the only vote against the war and she faced furious opposition for her views. This animal was once considered extinct but it is alive in well in Montana. 46 out of 56 Montana counties are considered "frontier Counties" with an average population of 6 or less people per square miles. In 1888, there were more millionaires per capita in Helena, Montana than any other city on earth. Steve Bullock Doing a Good Job? The Lewis and Clark expedition stopped at Travelers Rest in Lolo, Montana. The List of National Historic Landmarks in Montana contains the landmarks designated by the U.S. Federal Government for the U.S. state of Montana.There are 28 National Historic Landmarks (NHLs) in Montana.. 10. Aussprache [mɑnˈtʰænə]) ist ein Bundesstaat im Nordwesten der Vereinigten Staaten. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. This dam is the Fort Peck Dam located in northeast Montana. Montana is the fourth largest state in the U.S. with the 44th largest population. Montana is … . Last updated on October 7th, 2020. In Montana, the word “ditch” can be used to order a drink. A little bit of history... Named after John M. Bozeman, founder of the Bozeman Trail and key founder of the town in August 1854. 28. At the Rocky Mountain Front Eagle Migration Area west of Great Falls more golden eagles have been seen in a single day than anywhere else in the country. This earthquake causes the formation of 5-mile long lake, in 1959. Fun Facts about Montana Counties Counties by Year. The Museum of the Rockies alone has 13 T-Rex specimens. Some cairns can still be seen. Montana is the 43rd most populous and the 4th most extensive of the 50 states of the United States. Montana attained statehood on November 8, 1889, becoming the 41st state to join the union. Bozeman was elected an All-America City in 2001 by the National Civic League. At the beginning of the 19th century, the Crow occupied the south-central portion of present-day Montana, the Cheyenne the southeastern corner, the Assiniboin and Atsina (Gros Ventres of the Prairie) the northeastern corner, the Blackfoot the central and north-central area, and the Kutenai the northwestern corner. Trivia Quiz - Montana History Category: Montana Quiz # 10,293. Discover an overview of Montana's rich history, heritage, historic events, and culture. The Great Falls on the Missouri River is actually in Montana. © 2020 TheFactFile.Org. Butte began as a gold camp. The state boasts the largest breeding population of trumpeter swans in the lower United States. The closing of the copper mines at Butte, the smelter in Anaconda, and the copper refinery at Great Falls in the early 1980s marked the end of the copper century and a turning point in Montana’s history. Most of these millionaires made their money from gold. 34. These include the Flathead Lake, which is the largest natural freshwater lake in the U.S. 45. Montana has a large population of grizzly bears. Der Name Montana leitet sich wahrscheinlich von dem spanischen Wort montaña, vielleicht aber auch vom lateinischen montanus (beides zu Deutsch: Berg-, bergig, gebirgig) ab. Only one gem from North America is included in the Crown Jewels of England. The southwestern corner was disputed territory. The Hunkpapa Lakota Sioux warrior … In fact, all you really have to ask for is a “Jack ditch.” Jordan, Montana is one of the remotest county seats in the United States. It lies is in the Northwestern United States. Tribes include the Crows in the south central region, the Cheyenne in the southeastern part of the state, the Blackfeet, Assiniboine, and Gros Ventres in the central and north-central areas, and the Kootenai and Salish in the western sector. 12. But now, let me tell you an exciting and shocking fact about Montana. Coal mining, which had begun in the days of coal stoves and steam locomotives, increased dramatically in the 1970s but declined in economic importance over the next two decades. Montana has two important revenue-generating industries. Montana has had … Roman Catholic missionaries followed the fur traders and in 1841 established Saint Mary’s Mission near present-day Stevensville, believed to be the first permanent settlement in Montana. From June 25 - 26th in 1876, the historic Battle of Little Bighorn, also referred to as Custer's Last Stand, took place near the Little Bighorn River in Montana. Much of Montana's early history was concerned with mining, with copper, lead, zinc, silver, coal, and oil as principal products. Jeanette Rankin was against the World Wars and also opposed the U.S. attack on Pearl Harbour. Approximately 10,000 white pelicans migrate from the Gulf of Mexico to Medicine Lake, Montana every spring. Fur trappers and traders followed, setting up forts to trade with the Native Americans. 13. The name Montana has a Spanish origin. All Rights Reserved. 6. Montana became a state on Nov. 8, 1889, with Helena as the capital. In the 1990s the environment, more than opportunities provided by extractive industries, began to draw newcomers to the state in large numbers, notably retirees from both the east and the west coast. The city of Helena became the capital of Montana only after a very suspicious and controversial election. It is the first national park in the U.S. Montana is also home to the “Crown of the Continent” – the Glacier National Park. It is the biggest waterfall on this river. Petroleum and natural gas production began in Great Plains Montana in 1915, expanded greatly in the 1950s, and peaked in the 1960s. It lies is in the Northwestern United States. 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