[41] This meant that sick paupers were no longer being cared for by other, able-bodied paupers, but by properly trained nursing staff. [70], Her attention turned to the health of the British Army in India and she demonstrated that bad drainage, contaminated water, overcrowding and poor ventilation were causing the high death rate. Administration of the British Army She was the daughter of a wealthy British couple who were enjoying an extended stay in Italy on their Grand Tour of classical Europe – a popular activity with the upper classes of that era. Nightingale was an admirer of Fry, who amongst other things campaigned for better prison conditions. A lady with a lamp I see [6], Nightingale had a principled objection to having photographs taken or her portrait painted. p. 314. London, England Her ideas inspired the volunteer body of the United States Sanitary Commission. William's mother Mary née Evans was the niece of Peter Nightingale, under the terms of whose will William inherited his estate at Lea Hurst, and assumed the name and arms of Nightingale. She and Florence were to remain close friends for 40 years despite their 27-year age difference. [25], Stephen Paget in the Dictionary of National Biography asserted that Nightingale reduced the death rate from 42% to 2%, either by making improvements in hygiene herself, or by calling for the Sanitary Commission. women's rights movement. Sylvester.". Some of her tracts were written in simple English so that they could easily be understood by those with poor literary skills. Florence, Italy p. 8. Florence Nightingale's voice was saved for posterity in a phonograph recording from 1890 preserved in the British Library Sound Archive. Nightingale believed religion helped provide people with the fortitude for arduous good work, and would ensure the nurses in her care attended religious services. [6] Her parents were William Edward Nightingale, born William Edward Shore (1794–1874) and Frances ("Fanny") Nightingale née Smith (1788–1880). [d] Later, Nightingale became a pioneer in the visual presentation of information and statistical graphics. [68] She made extensive use of coxcombs to present reports on the nature and magnitude of the conditions of medical care in the Crimean War to Members of Parliament and civil servants who would have been unlikely to read or understand traditional statistical reports. "After 10 years of sanitary reform, in 1873, Nightingale reported that mortality among the soldiers in India had declined from 69 to 18 per 1,000". While she held that the ideal health professional should be inspired by a religious as well as professional motive, she said that in practice many religiously motivated health workers were concerned chiefly in securing their own salvation, and that this motivation was inferior to the professional desire to deliver the best possible care. Sailing up the Nile as far as Abu Simbel in January 1850, she wrote of the Abu Simbel temples, "Sublime in the highest style of intellectual beauty, intellect without effort, without suffering ... not a feature is correct — but the whole effect is more expressive of spiritual grandeur than anything I could have imagined. Despite her mother’s interest in social climbing, Florence herself was reportedly awkward in social situations. Genealogy for florence nightingale (1863 - d.) family tree on Geni, with over 200 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives. [116], Florence Nightingale's image appeared on the reverse of £10 Series D banknotes issued by the Bank of England from 1975 until 1994. Florence Nightingale in household of William Nightingale, "England and Wales Census, 1891" Family Members. [103], The Florence Nightingale Museum at St Thomas' Hospital in London reopened in May 2010 in time for the centenary of Nightingale's death. Lo! [77] An effort to correct this was made with a 2008 publication by Wilfrid Laurier University, as volume 11[78] of a 16 volume project, the Collected Works of Florence Nightingale. In her lifetime, much of her published work was concerned with spreading medical knowledge. While better known for her contributions in the nursing and mathematical fields, Nightingale is also an important link in the study of English feminism. The Evangelical Lutheran Church in America commemorates her as a renewer of society with Clara Maass on 13 August. While taken for granted now, it was at the time a relatively novel method of presenting data. [43], In the 1870s, Nightingale mentored Linda Richards, "America's first trained nurse", and enabled her to return to the United States with adequate training and knowledge to establish high-quality nursing schools. [57], Some scholars of Nightingale's life believe that she remained chaste for her entire life, perhaps because she felt a religious calling to her career. In 1936, Kay Francis played Nightingale in the film titled The White Angel. herself as the mother of the men of the British army—"my Despite her symptoms, she remained phenomenally productive in social reform. Her parents took their daughters to both Church of England and Methodist churches. Her behaviour was said to be exasperating and eccentric and she had little respect for upper-class British women, whom she regarded generally as inconsequential. Isn't it unusual for the number "287" to appear in the news THREE TIMES within about a 17 hour period of time??? At Thebes, she wrote of being "called to God", while a week later near Cairo she wrote in her diary (as distinct from her far longer letters that her elder sister Parthenope was to print after her return): "God called me in the morning and asked me would I do good for him alone without reputation. [101], A statue of Florence Nightingale by the 20th century war memorialist Arthur George Walker stands in Waterloo Place, Westminster, London, just off The Mall. Her biggest contribution to humanity was when she volunteered to help in the Crimean war to tend to wounded soldiers. [102] The Nightingale-Macmillan continuing care unit is now at the Royal Derby Hospital, formerly known as The City Hospital, Derby. 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