You'll find these settings in Justification dialog box, located in the Leading section of the control panel. The two golden rules when applying techniques to fix Widows and Orphans are: 1. (Disclaimer: I am heavily biased against people who are “against” hyphenation. Never, ever leave a recto page blank unless it’s at the very end of your book. Click one of the alignment buttons at the top left to specify how text aligns with the tab stop: left-justified, center-justified, right-justified, or align to decimal. If justification can't be achieved by adjusting the Word Spacing alone, then InDesign will adjust the Letter Spacing according to your minimum, desired, and maximum settings. After that, it moves on to your Glyph Scaling settings. Here’s how: Hidden characters: Choose Type>Show Hidden Characters, or press Ctrl/Cmd+Alt/Opt+I. No paragraph on this 2-page spread ends with just one short word on the last line, so there are no good candidates for shrinking a paragraph to lose one line. Select Edit (Windows) or InDesign (Mac), Preferences, Composition 2. Left-justified will set all lines except the last one to justified, and will left-align the last one. The automatic highlighting that you set up in the Preferences>Composition menu is very handy, as you’ll be able to see at a glance which paragraphs you’ve stretched or shrunk. If you type -10, it’s a 1% decrease. Align and justify are just the basics of text layout. With Smart text reflow you can transform InDesign into Word. To set hyphenation, first select paragraphs with the Type tool. So choose Edit>Preferences>Composition (Windows) or InDesign>Preferences>Composition (Mac) and choose the settings shown below. Before you start going through your pages one chapter at a time, let’s get all your typesetting ducks in a row. The paragraph that you apply the technique/s to should not appear visibly different to any other on the page. Now you will be able to see how bad is your justification. Visit bluewhippetstudio.com and indesignskills.com. © 2021 Envato Pty Ltd. What the heck? This can be frustrating, but remember that at this point you’re doing the real work of page layout. Not all of these are optimal for book typesetting. We’ll explain the best ways to resolve them. Filed Under: InDesign Tagged With: text frames, typesetting. And still more: Typesetting math in InDesign » Learn how to build equations. Read our #toptips for balancing facing pages and avoiding widows/orphans. On that 2-page spread, do you see any paragraphs that end very close to either the beginning or end of the last line? How can I balance the number of text lines on facing pages? How do we fix it? In book typesetting, it’s okay to have the first line of a paragraph be the last line on a page (an orphan) if it’s unavoidable. This allows longer words to split across lines, helping the lines to stretch further and appear more uniform. Do any of the following: From the Paragraph panel menu, choose Adobe Paragraph Composer (the default) or Adobe Single-line Composer. In order to get a visual representation of any problems with justified text in InDesign: 1. Chances are your text frame area is too small compared to the font size you are using so when you justify the text, InDesign does the best it can to distribute the space between words and letters. And more: Optical margin alignment » Add a slightly fancier look to your book pages. In the example below, the recto page is one line short. If my chapter has to end on a right-hand page, can I leave it blank? We hope you’ll come to enjoy the problem solving! Justifying the text in a paragraph aligns the text with both the left and right margins. Whether you’re designing a book, a poster, a flyer or a magazine, you’ll no doubt come up against this common typographic problem. That’s a good candidate for stretching the paragraph to gain a line on that page, and thereby balancing the number of lines on this 2-page spread. Yes, you will find almost everything (99%) in Publisher that you can find in InDesign. Start looking through your first chapter and you’ll probably notice that several pages are one line short. InDesign is being helpful by keeping the last two lines of every paragraph together. The text is still flushed left (choose Align Left from the Character Formatting Controls panel in InDesign), with a ragged alignment, but the text looks generally more pared back, and is much more easy on the eye. To sum up, you’ve got two (arguably, equally sound) options for tidying up your type: Subscribe below and we’ll send you a weekly email summary of all new Design & Illustration tutorials. 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