The Pannonian Plain covers the northern third of the country (Vojvodina and Mačva[153]) while the easternmost tip of Serbia extends into the Wallachian Plain. The Constitution of Serbia defines it as a secular state with guaranteed religious freedom. [347] With a strong science and technological ecosystem, Serbia has produced a number of renowned scientists that have greatly contributed to the field of science and technology. As of 2011[update] census, Serbia (excluding Kosovo) has a total population of 7,186,862 and the overall population density is medium as it stands at 92.8 inhabitants per square kilometre. Of great importance also was the construction of independent Serbian political and cultural institutions, as well as the city's now-plentiful parks. [citation needed]. [162], Serbia is one of few European countries with very high risk exposure to natural hazards (earthquakes, storms, floods, droughts). After almost a decade of strong economic growth (average of 4.45% per year), Serbia entered the recession in 2009 with negative growth of −3% and again in 2012 and 2014 with −1% and −1.8%, respectively. With a population of 1,576,124 million, it is the country's administrative, economic and cultural centre. [151] Serbia treats the 352 km long border between Kosovo and rest of Serbia as an "administrative line"; it is under shared control of Kosovo border police and Serbian police forces, and there are 11 crossing points. [271] In metallurgy sector, Chinese steel and copper giants, Hesteel and Zijin Mining have acquired key complexes. [141][142] The city's nominal GDP in 2014 was estimated at 16.97 billion USD, amounting to 859,329 RSD ($10,086) per capita. 89–90. Belgrade is one of the last big European capitals and cities with over a million people to have no metro or subway or other rapid transit system, though Belgrade Metro is in its planning stages. [10] Following disastrous casualties in World War I, and the subsequent unification of the former Habsburg crownland of Vojvodina (and other lands) with Serbia, the country co-founded Yugoslavia with other South Slavic nations, which would exist in various political formations until the Yugoslav Wars of the 1990s. [208], In the socialist period, housing was built quickly and cheaply for the huge influx of people fleeing the countryside following World War II, sometimes resulting in the brutalist architecture of the blokovi ('blocks') of New Belgrade; a socrealism trend briefly ruled, resulting in buildings like the Trade Union Hall. Crossword Answers for "Capital of serbia" Added on Wednesday, July 11, 2018. The Starčevo culture was succeeded by the Vinča culture (5500–4500 BC), a more sophisticated farming culture that grew out of the earlier Starčevo settlements and also named for a site in the Belgrade region (Vinča-Belo Brdo). Slivovitz (šljivovica), a plum brandy, is a type of rakia which is considered the national drink of Serbia. [210] The Clinical Centre of Serbia spreads over 34 hectares and consists of about 50 buildings, while also has 3,150 beds considered to be the highest number in Europe,[211] and among highest in the world. It is located at the confluence of the Sava and Danube rivers and the crossroads of the Pannonian Plain and the Balkan Peninsula. During the 1990s and 2000s popularity of rock music declined in Serbia,[405] and although several major mainstream acts managed to sustain their popularity, an underground and independent music scene developed. Clockwise from top left: Republics and autonomous provinces of the, Kingdom of Yugoslavia, World War II, and the socialist Yugoslavia, Breakup of Yugoslavia, political transition and contemporary period, Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the. The First Serbian Constitution was adopted on 15 February 1835 (the anniversary of the outbreak of the First Serbian Uprising), making the country one of the first to adopt a democratic constitution in Europe. The Government is responsible for proposing legislation and a budget, executing the laws, and guiding the foreign and internal policies. 129/07) the Law on Local Elections (Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia", no. motorways); 4,517 km are "class-IB state roads" (national roads); 10,941 km are "class-II state roads" (regional roads) and 23,780 km are "municipal roads". In Carska Bara, there are over 300 bird species on just a few square kilometres. The company's refinery in Pančevo (capacity of 4.8 million tonnes) is one of the most modern oil-refineries in Europe; it also operates network of 334 filling stations in Serbia (74% of domestic market) and additional 36 stations in Bosnia and Herzegovina, 31 in Bulgaria, and 28 in Romania. Pop music has mainstream popularity. Over 1.2 million square metres (13 million square feet) of land is under construction in New Belgrade, with the value of planned construction over the next three years estimated at over 1.5 billion euros. [41], Following the battles of Maritsa (1371) and Kosovo field (1389), Moravian Serbia, to Belgrade's south, began to fall to the Ottoman Empire. [243] It is used for major sporting events and large concerts. He shot the first motion pictures of Belgrade in the next year; however, they have not been preserved. This is the largest city in the country, with over 2 million inhabitants. Belgrade: 1718–1739: capital of the Habsburg Kingdom of Serbia (1718–39). Notable items include Turkish and oriental arms, national banners, and Yugoslav Partisan regalia. The city is home to Serbia's two biggest and most successful football clubs, Red Star Belgrade and Partizan Belgrade. The most popular are those from Užice and Morava region. [173], With 29.1% of its territory covered by forest, Serbia is considered to be a middle-forested country, compared on a global scale to world forest coverage at 30%, and European average of 35%. Other navigable rivers include Sava, Tisza, Begej and Timiş River, all of which connect Serbia with Northern and Western Europe through the Rhine–Main–Danube Canal and North Sea route, to Eastern Europe via the Tisza, Begej and Danube Black Sea routes, and to Southern Europe via the Sava river. [298] Total installed power of 9 hydroelectric-power plants is 2,831 MW, largest of which is Đerdap 1 with capacity of 1,026 MW. [Note 1] In a fatally strategic position, the city has been battled over in 115 wars and razed 44 times, being bombed five times and besieged many times.[12]. [13] Since 2014, the country has been negotiating its EU accession, with the aim of joining the European Union by 2025. All these languages are in official use in municipalities or cities where the ethnic minority exceeds 15% of the total population. Belgrade, decimated as a front-line city, lost the title of largest city in the Kingdom to Subotica for some time. Today we have lots of happy Belgradeamazing architectural monuments. [190][191] The exhibition was seen by almost 100,000 visitors. Capital of Serbia . [207] It received a full candidate status on 1 March 2012 and started accession talks on 21 January 2014. [243] Refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Serbia formed between 7% and 7.5% of its population at the time – about half a million refugees sought refuge in the country following the series of Yugoslav wars, mainly from Croatia (and to a lesser extent from Bosnia and Herzegovina) and the IDPs from Kosovo. FEST is an annual film festival that held since 1971, and, through 2013, had been attended by four million people and had presented almost 4,000 films. [13] It is the seat of the central government, administrative bodies, and government ministries, as well as home of almost all of the largest Serbian companies, media, and scientific institutions. [362][363], Important Serbian painters of the first half of the 20th century were Paja Jovanović and Uroš Predić of Realism, Cubist Sava Šumanović, Milena Pavlović-Barili and Nadežda Petrović of Impressionism, Expressionist Milan Konjović. Actual 7. [320][321], Fixed telephone lines connect 81% of households in Serbia, and with about 9.1 million users the number of cellphones surpasses the total population of by 28%. As the capital city, Belgrade is seat of all Serbian state authorities – executive, legislative, judiciary, and the headquarters of almost all national political parties as well as 75 diplomatic missions. capital of Serbia and Montenegro synonyms, capital of Serbia and Montenegro pronunciation, capital of Serbia and Montenegro translation, English dictionary definition of capital of Serbia and Montenegro. Topola: 1805–1813: capital of Revolutionary Serbia under Karadjordje, during the First Serbian Uprising. [59] The ecclesiastical centre of the Serbs also moved northwards, to the Metropolitanate of Karlovci,[60] and the Serbian Patriarchate of Peć was once-again abolished by the Ottomans in 1766.[61][62]. The first half of the 19th century was dominated by Romanticism, with Petar II Petrović-Njegoš, Branko Radičević, Đura Jakšić, Jovan Jovanović Zmaj and Laza Kostić being the notable representatives, while the second half of the century was marked by Realist writers such as Milovan Glišić, Laza Lazarević, Simo Matavulj, Stevan Sremac, Vojislav Ilić, Branislav Nušić, Radoje Domanović and Borisav Stanković. [143] City GDP in 2019 at purchasing power parity was estimated at $52.1bn USD, which was $32,572 per capita in terms of purchasing power parity.[144]. [32] Following Byzantine reconquest, the Byzantine chronicle De Administrando Imperio mentions the White Serbs, who had stopped in Belgrade on their way back home, asking the strategos for lands; they received provinces in the west, towards the Adriatic, which they would rule as subjects to Heraclius (610–641). [172] The most important inland waterway is the Danube (part of Pan-European Corridor VII). The Kingdom was split into banovinas and Belgrade, together with Zemun and Pančevo, formed a separate administrative unit. [83] Austria-Hungary became wary of the rising regional power on its borders and its potential to become an anchor for unification of Serbs and other South Slavs, and the relationship between the two countries became tense. [17] Also associated with the Vinča culture are anthropomorphic figurines such as the Lady of Vinča, the earliest known copper metallurgy in Europe,[18] and a proto-writing form developed prior to the Sumerians and Minoans known as the Old European script, which dates back to around 5300 BC. Serbian comics emerged in the 1930s and the medium remains popular today. [44][45][46][47] The Serbian Patriarchate of Peć was extinguished in 1463,[48] but reestablished in 1557,[49][50][51] providing for limited continuation of Serbian cultural traditions within the Ottoman Empire, under the Millet system. Law enforcement is the responsibility of the Serbian Police, which is subordinate to the Ministry of the Interior. [28] They merged with the local Romanised population that was gradually assimilated.[29][30][31]. Serbia became a constituent republic within the SFRY known as the Socialist Republic of Serbia, and had a republic-branch of the federal communist party, the League of Communists of Serbia. Students have the opportunity to attend gymnasiums and vocational schools for another four years, or to enroll in vocational training for 2 to 3 years. Serbia is one of the traditional powerhouses of world basketball,[455][456] as Serbia men's national basketball team have won two World Championships (in 1998 and 2002), three European Championships (1995, 1997, and 2001) and two Olympic silver medals (in 1996 and 2016) as well. [400][401] There are three opera houses in Serbia: Opera of the National Theatre and Madlenianum Opera, both in Belgrade, and Opera of the Serbian National Theatre in Novi Sad. Statue of Victory in capital city Belgrade, Serbia: Elektronik. [159] One of the climatic features of Serbia is Košava, a cold and very squally southeastern wind which starts in the Carpathian Mountains and follows the Danube northwest through the Iron Gate where it gains a jet effect and continues to Belgrade and can spread as far south as Niš. Serbia has an emerging market economy in upper-middle income range. The rivalry between the two clubs is known as the "Eternal Derby", and is often cited as one of the most exciting sports rivalries in the world.[454]. Since 1996,[248] semiannual (autumn/winter and spring/summer seasons) fashion weeks are held citywide. [109] The Republic of Užice was a short-lived liberated territory established by the Partisans and the first liberated territory in World War II Europe, organised as a military mini-state that existed in the autumn of 1941 in the west of occupied Serbia. [192] Aleksandar Vučić of the Serbian Progressive Party is the current president following the 2017 presidential election. Belgrade is the capital and largest city of Serbia. [429] Other renowned directors include Dušan Makavejev, Želimir Žilnik (Golden Berlin Bear winner), Aleksandar Petrović, Živojin Pavlović, Goran Paskaljević, Goran Marković, Srđan Dragojević, Srdan Golubović and Mila Turajlić among others. Law on the Capital City (Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia, No. [387][388][389], There are 551 public libraries biggest of which are: National Library of Serbia in Belgrade with funds of about 6 million items,[390] and Matica Srpska (the oldest matica and Serbian cultural institution, founded in 1826) in Novi Sad with nearly 3.5 million volumes. [418][419] Sterijino pozorje is, on the other hand, festival showcasing national drama plays. Smaller, chiefly residential communities across the Danube, like Krnjača, Kotež and Borča, also merged with the city, while Pančevo, a heavily industrialised satellite city, remains a separate town. Meat is widely consumed, as is fish. Belgrade is the capital of Serbia with about 2 milion inhabitans. Capital Adequacy. [161] The lowest recorded temperature in Serbia was −39.5 °C (−39.1 °F) on 13 January 1985, Karajukića Bunari in Pešter, and the highest was 44.9 °C (112.8 °F), on 24 July 2007, recorded in Smederevska Palanka. The 20th century was dominated by the prose writers Meša Selimović (Death and the Dervish), Miloš Crnjanski (Migrations), Isidora Sekulić (The Cronicle of a Small Town Cemetery), Branko Ćopić (Eagles Fly Early), Borislav Pekić (The Time of Miracles), Danilo Kiš (The Encyclopedia of the Dead), Dobrica Ćosić (The Roots), Aleksandar Tišma (The Use of Man), Milorad Pavić and others. During World War II, Belgrade suffered much damage and extreme hardship under the German occupation. [74] The winner was Tazio Nuvolari. [248] Bosniaks with 145,278 are concentrated in Raška (Sandžak), in the southwest. It is located on the plateau of the Danube and Sava rivers and is one of the largest cities in Southeast Europe. Other noted Serbian athletes include: swimmers Milorad Čavić (2009 World championships gold and silver medalist as well as 2008 Olympic silver medalist on 100-metre butterfly in historic race with American swimmer Michael Phelps) and Nađa Higl (2009 World champion in 200-metre breaststroke); track and field athletes Vera Nikolić (former world record holder in 800 metres) and Ivana Španović (long-jumper; four-time European champion, World indoor champion and bronze medalist at the 2016 Olympics); wrestler Davor Štefanek (2016 Olympic gold medalist and 2014 World champion), and taekwondoist Milica Mandić (2012 Olympic gold medalist and 2017 world champion). The government of Serbia does not recognise Kosovo's February 2008 declaration of declaration, considering it illegal and illegitimate.[233]. [227][226] Average annual growth is between 13% and 14%. [327], Tourism is mainly focused on the mountains and spas of the country, which are mostly visited by domestic tourists, as well as Belgrade and, to a lesser degree, Novi Sad, which are preferred choices of foreign tourists (almost two-thirds of all foreign visits are made to these two cities). with 200,000 visitors in 2013. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}44°N 21°E / 44°N 21°E / 44; 21, Serbia (Serbian: Србија, romanized: Srbija, pronounced [sř̩bija]),[note 1] officially the Republic of Serbia (Serbian: Република Србија, romanized: Republika Srbija, pronounced [repǔblika sř̩bija]), is a landlocked country situated at the crossroads of Central[6] and Southeast Europe in the southern Pannonian Plain and the central Balkans. Sung epic poetry has been an integral part of Serbian and Balkan music for centuries. There are records of gusle being played at the court of the 13th-century King Stefan Nemanjić.[403]. [208] However, in the mid-1950s, modernist trends took over, and still dominate the Belgrade architecture. [359], Serbian painting showed the influence of Biedermeier and Neoclassicism as seen in works by Konstantin Danil,[360] Arsenije Teodorović and Pavel Đurković. [416] Serbia has 38 professional theatres and 11 theatres for children,[417] the most important of which are National Theatre in Belgrade, Serbian National Theatre in Novi Sad, National Theatre in Subotica, National Theatre in Niš and Knjaževsko-srpski teatar in Kragujevac (the oldest theatre in Serbia, established in 1835). King Stefan Dragutin (r. 1276–1282) received Belgrade from his father-in-law, Stephen V of Hungary, in 1284, and it served as the capital of the Kingdom of Syrmia, a vassal state to the Kingdom of Hungary. [188] The museum was closed in 2007, but has since been reopened in 2017 to focus on the modern as well as on the Yugoslav art scenes. [130] The fall of Milošević ended Yugoslavia's international isolation. [282] The industrial output saw dramatic downsizing: in 2013 it was expected to be only a half of that of 1989. Example sentences with "capital of Serbia and Montenegro", translation memory. The Second Balkan War soon ensued when Bulgaria turned on its former allies, but was defeated, resulting in the Treaty of Bucharest. [138][139] Following a positive recommendation of the European Commission and European Council in June 2013, negotiations to join the EU commenced in January 2014. [156] In the north, the climate is more continental, with cold winters, and hot, humid summers along with well-distributed rainfall patterns. [119] A 13-member City Council, elected by the Assembly and presided over by the mayor and his deputy, has the control and supervision of the city administration,[120] which manages day-to-day administrative affairs. The beginning of Serbian literacy dates back to the activity of the brothers Cyril and Methodius in the Balkans. One of the most important prehistoric cultures of Europe, the Vinča culture, evolved within the Belgrade area in the 6th millennium BC. [110], Belgrade lies 116.75 metres (383.0 ft) above sea level and is located at the confluence of the Danube and Sava rivers. Concerts featuring famous local and foreign bands are often held at the centre. [398][399] Other famous classical Serbian composers include Isidor Bajić, Stanislav Binički and Josif Marinković. [396][397] The Serbian composers of the first generation Petar Konjović, Stevan Hristić, and Miloje Milojević maintained the national expression and modernised the romanticism into the direction of impressionism. Among them, the Great War Island, at the confluence of Sava, stands out as an oasis of unshattered wildlife (especially birds). Most popular pop singers include likes of Đorđe Balašević, Zdravko Čolić, Vlado Georgiev, Aleksandra Radović, Jelena Tomašević and Nataša Bekvalac among others. The festival, which collaborates with London Fashion Week, has helped launch the international careers of local talents such as George Styler and Ana Ljubinković. [257][258] The BusPlus ticketing system based on contactless smart cards began operating in February 2012. The Serbia men's national water polo team is the one of the most successful national teams, having won Olympic gold medal in 2016, three World Championships (2005, 2009 and 2015), and seven European Championships in 2001, 2003, 2006, 2012, 2014, 2016 and 2018, respectively. 129/07, 34/10 – Constitutional Court Decision and 54/2011) Law on Local self-government (Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia, No. [55][56] The area of modern Vojvodina endured a century-long Ottoman occupation before being ceded to the Habsburg Empire, partially by the Treaty of Karlovci (1699),[57] and fully by the Treaty of Požarevac (1718). The historical core of Belgrade, Kalemegdan, lies on the right banks of both rivers. Define capital of Serbia and Montenegro. [193][194], The Museum of Aviation in Belgrade located near Belgrade Nikola Tesla Airport has more than 200 aircraft, of which about 50 are on display, and a few of which are the only surviving examples of their type, such as the Fiat G.50. [201] On 21 May 2006, Montenegro held a referendum to determine whether to end its union with Serbia. Belgrade is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in Europe and the World. [82] Belgrade became the first city in Europe to be declared by the Nazi occupation forces to be Judenfrei. [337], There are 19 universities in Serbia (nine public universities with a total number of 86 faculties and ten private universities with 51 faculties). [76][77][78] Yugoslavia was then invaded by German, Italian, Hungarian, and Bulgarian forces. Most of Serbia's film industry is based in Belgrade. [242], During the 1990s, Serbia had the largest refugee population in Europe. [263] Following renewed growth in 2000, the number of passengers reached approximately 2 million in 2004 and 2005,[264] over 2.6 million passengers in 2008,[265] reaching over 3 million passengers. [226], As of 2018, there are three officially designated camp grounds in Belgrade. In a hungry way. [294] Almost 90% of the discovered oil and gas are to be found in Banat and those oil and gas fields are by size among the largest in the Pannonian basin but are average on a European scale.[295]. Examples of Serbia's military. Other major libraries include the Belgrade City Library and the Belgrade University Library. Later, Grand Vizier Sinan Pasha ordered the relics of Saint Sava to be publicly torched on the Vračar plateau; in the 20th century, the church of Saint Sava was built to commemorate this event. In April 2008 Serbia was invited to join the Intensified Dialogue programme with NATO, despite the diplomatic rift with the alliance over Kosovo. [150] The most famous Belgrade IT startups, among others, are Nordeus, ComTrade Group, MicroE, FishingBooker, and Endava. 39. The system found 25 answers for capital of serbia crossword clue. [325] In 2019, total of over 3.6 million tourists were recorded in accommodations, of which half were foreign. [259] However, this system was abolished back in 2013, mostly due to introduction of more efficient BG Voz. There are two literary monuments on UNESCO's Memory of the World Programme: the 12th-century Miroslav Gospel, and scientist Nikola Tesla's archive. Serbia has hosted several major sport competitions, including the 2005 Men's European Basketball Championship, 2005 Men's European Volleyball Championship, 2006 and 2016 Men's European Water Polo Championships, 2009 Summer Universiade, 2012 European Men's Handball Championship, and 2013 World Women's Handball Championship. The two major stadiums in Belgrade are the Marakana (Red Star Stadium) and the Partizan Stadium.