An antecedent is most often used with relative pronouns, words like "what", "that", and "who". Pronouns need antecedents. The linguistic term that is closely related to antecedent and proform is anaphora. Also see: In the following sentences, certain pronouns are in bold print, and the antecedents of those pronouns are in italics. 1. You may talk about the antecedents of heart disease (such as bad eating habits), the antecedents of World War II (such as the unwise Treaty of Versailles), and even your own antecedents (your mother, grandfather, etc.). 0. (Ante= before.) Font size: A pronoun takes the place of a noun. Want more? Learn more. For example, in the sentence “Sally walked her dog,” the pronoun her refers to Sally, making Sally the antecedent. Singular - The student carried his book. The adjective is anaphoric, and the term is also known by the phrases anaphoric reference or backward anaphora. Feminine - Susan took her dog for a walk. To […] In English grammar, it … A Person, Place, Thing, or Idea. [1] A proform takes its meaning from its antecedent; e.g., "John arrived late because traffic held him up." Examples. Today we’re going to talk about pronouns that don't clearly match up with the nouns they are supposed to replace. A pronoun must always agree with its antecedent: Masculine - James cleaned his car. A proform takes its meaning from its antecedent; e.g., "John arrived late because traffic held him up." Learn more. ‘Plural pronouns with nominally singular antecedents like ‘everyone’ have been a major battlefield in the grammar wars.’. Dictionary ! As an adjective antecedent is antecedent, preceding. Also known as a referent . Grammar A word, phrase, clause, or sentence to which another word (especially a following relative pronoun) refers. that gives its meaning to a proform (pronoun, pro-verb, pro-adverb, etc.). Synonym Discussion of antecedent. This page includes dozens of examples of antecedents of the different types of pronoun. Other quiz: Grammar. The pronoun him refers to and takes its meaning from John, so John is the antecedent of him. A pronoun and its antecedent must agree in gender and number. Dictionary ... (grammar) A word, phrase or clause referred to by a pronoun. In grammar, an antecedent is an expression that gives its meaning to a proform. As an adjective it means something that is earlier in time. In this article I will discuss the meaning and context of antecedent in detail so you can better understand the word and use it … that gives its meaning to a proform (pronoun, pro-verb, pro-adverb, etc.). In English grammar, "anaphora" is the use of a pronoun or other linguistic unit to refer back to another word or phrase. Without the antecedent, the sentence remains meaningless and incomplete. C. A word that describes nouns. As an adjective it means something that is earlier in time. An antecedent is the word that a pronoun replaces or refers to. Once the antecedent has been used initially, it is completely acceptable to use a … D. The word(s) the pronoun is replacing The antecedent is the word that the pronoun is about. The antecedent will always be placed in the independent clause, regardless of the placement of a dependent clause. Get the app! Did John tell the speaker about John's new friend? Opposite of introductory, preliminary, serving as a prelude or preface. In grammar, an antecedent is an expression (word, phrase, clause, sentence, etc.) Advertisement The first term or numerator of a ratio. Rule: A singular pronoun must replace a singular noun; a plural pronoun must replace a plural noun. [1] A proform takes its meaning from its antecedent; e.g., "John arrived late because traffic held him up." noun. An antecedent (AN-tuh-SEE-dent) is a grammatical device in which a pronoun, noun, or other word refers to an earlier noun or phrase. Opposite of belonging or happening near the beginning of a particular period. Examples of … An … noun. But it doesn't. An antecedent is a word for which a pronoun stands. 2. Grammar A word, phrase, clause, or sentence to which another word (especially a following relative pronoun) refers. A pronoun antecedent is a word that comes before a pronoun to which the pronoun refers. A word that gets its meaning from a preceding word or phrase is called an anaphor. In grammar, an antecedentis a word or phrasethat is repeated by another word or phrase. Grammar Basics: What Is Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement? A pronoun and its antecedent must agree in gender and number. Kimberly Joki. More naturally, we say. Antecedents of personal pronouns (e.g., he, they), Antecedents of possessive pronouns (including possessive determiners) (e.g., mine, my, his, your, yours), Antecedents of indefinite pronouns (e.g., none, several), Antecedents of reciprocal pronouns (e.g., each other, one another), Antecedents of relative pronouns (e.g., which, where), Antecedents of reflexive pronouns (e.g., himself, itself), Antecedents of emphatic pronouns (e.g., himself, itself), Antecedents of demonstrative pronouns (including demonstrative determiners) (e.g., this, these), Antecedents of interrogative pronouns (e.g., which, who), The clown was riding a bull, juggling five knives and singing Nessun dorma. Readers become unhappy when they have to guess what noun a writer is talking about, or readers may even chuckle if a … Antecedent is used as an adjective or a noun and as a noun, it refers something that go ahead of another. In English grammar, an antecedent is the noun or noun phrase that a pronoun refers to. An Action Word. 2. Antonyms for antecedent include subsequent, later, after, ensuing, following, posterior, succeeding, consequent, successive and current. Talk:Antecedent (grammar) Jump to navigation Jump to search. An antecedent is a word that stands with a pronoun. In English grammar we have a term called number, and, unlike number in math, number in grammar means one of two things: singular (only one) or plural (more than one). Despite the implications of the term (Latin ante- means "before"), "an antecedent can follow rather than precede [the pronoun]: 'For his first Pacific voyage, Cook had no chronometer'" (Concise Oxford Companion to the English Language, 2005).See Examples and Observations below. They is a pronoun. This is because the pronoun refers to the noun. B. Here are a few things to remember, Antecedents and pronouns are invariably linked. Woman standing behind a stack of books . As a verb grammar is (obsolete|intransitive) to discourse according to the rules of grammar; to use grammar. In this article I will discuss the meaning and context of antecedent in detail so you can better understand the word and use it in your everyday language reading and writing. The sludge is then mixed with the local sulphur-rich water. Define antecedent: An antecedent is a word to which another word, usually a pronoun, refers. Presumptive. adjective. that gives its meaning to a proform (pronoun, pro-verb, pro-adverb, etc.). This noun is called the antecedent. As nouns the difference between antecedent and grammar is that antecedent is antecedent (any thing that precedes another thing) while grammar is a system of rules and principles for speaking and writing a language. Kimberly Joki. Pronoun is a part of English grammar that you often use in speaking or writing. The pronoun usually begins the relative clause and the antecedent is in the main clause.. Do you disagree with something on this page. Antecedent is one such term. 4. Did You Know? If the antecedent is plural, then the pronoun must be plural as well.. More naturally, we say. For example, if the antecedent is singular and female, the pronoun must refer to a single female. In grammar, an antecedent is an expression (word, phrase, clause, sentence, etc.) Updated on December 23, 2020 Grammar. Opposite of a person's ancestors or family and social background. It is his (not his or her) because it is referring to males only. The p… A particularly frequent type of proform occurs in relative clauses. An example of an antecedent is your grandmother. iOS: https://goo.gl/Zchxux and Android: https://goo.gl/YohfVrLearn English and math the fun way with the Learning Upgrade app! Usage - Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement. Some of the most basic antecedent examples in grammar have both the noun and the pronoun, where the noun is usually known as the antecedent. Neutral - The clouds have changed their direction. It is an English grammar based word which has some context that we need to understand in order to use it in the right way. I want a book that I can read.. The pronoun him refers to and takes its meaning from John, so John is the antecedent of him. Straight talking and methodical, "Smashing Grammar" (Our Grammar Book, 2019), Read more about the different types of pronoun, The pie tin was empty because Lee had eaten, The letter from the bosses to the employees gave details of, The icing on the cake was quite intricate, but Lee ate. A proform takes its meaning from its antecedent; e.g., "John arrived late because traffic held him up." (ante = "before") The pronoun must agree with its antecedent in number. In grammar, an antecedent is an expression (word, phrase, clause, sentence, etc.) Understanding the antecedent can take some time, but may greatly increase a person’s knowledge of grammar and correct writing style. Antecedent is the grammatical term used to refer to the noun that a pronoun replaces.. An antecedent comes before a pronoun. 3. However, an antecedent doesn't always have to be a noun for correct grammar usage, it can be any object which is being described by its pronoun. Opposite of of or relating to inception. More broadly, an antecedent may be any word in a sentence (or in a sequence of sentences) that another word or phrase refers to. 31 sec read 1,513 Views Ed Good — Grammar Tips. That means that the thing (or person, or place) that the pronoun refers to needs to have been mentioned already by name somewhere earlier in the sentence or paragraph. antecedent definition: 1. someone or something existing or happening before, especially as the cause or origin of…. antecedent This Grammar.com article is about antecedent — enjoy your reading! noun. Any time that you have a pronoun, you'll have an antecedent, even if it's not in the very same sentence. When writing, you'll use a pronoun and that pronoun will refer to some noun close by. Also known as a referent. An antecedent improbability. In grammar, an antecedent is an expression (word, phrase, clause, sentence, etc.) 0. For example, in the sentence 'John knows Tim and likes him,' Tim is the antecedent of him. The term antecedent stems from traditional grammar. En grammaire, un antécédent est un segment de texte représenté ou repris par un autre segment.. Habituellement, et conformément à son étymologie (anté = placé avant), l'antécédent précède le segment représentant qui est appelé anaphore :; Mon voisin a adopté un petit chien blanc.Celui-ci a aboyé toute la nuit. Menu. Examples[change| change source] Whenever you use a pronoun, do a quick check to ensure its antecedent is present and obvious. Can antecedent come after pronouns? He told me about his new friend. Whenever you use a pronoun, do a quick check to ensure its antecedent is present and obvious. In grammar vocabulary, the antecedent is the word, phrase, or clause that a pronoun can replace. 0. Antecedent definition: An antecedent of something happened or existed before it and was similar to it in some... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples One's ancestors. This is because the pronoun refers to the noun. Since it is often used, it is important to ensure that you are utilizing pronouns correctly. If it’s not clear which thing the pronoun refers to, the reader can get quite … Noun. noun. An antecedent (AN-tuh-SEE-dent) is a grammatical device in which a pronoun, noun, or other word refers to an earlier noun or phrase. President Lincoln is the ANTECEDENT for the pronoun his. Vocational rather than academic, "Grammar for Grown-ups" is packed with real-life examples and keeps you engaged with a wealth of great quotations from Homer the Greek to Homer the Simpson. That means that the thing (or person, or place) that the pronoun refers to needs to have been mentioned already by name somewhere earlier in the sentence or paragraph. Antecedent that gives its meaning to a proform (pronoun, pro-verb, pro-adverb, etc.). 31 sec read 1,513 Views Ed Good — Grammar Tips. d ə nt / something existing or happening before, esp. Definition. In English grammar, an antecedent is a word that will be replaced by another word later in the sentence. An antecedent is the previously mentioned or implied word, phrase, or clause that a pronoun replaces. Antecedents and Personal Pronouns. Is said to belong to the rules of grammar ; to use grammar is present and obvious a. And math the fun way with the nouns they are supposed to replace at all the pronoun things remember... Civil War source ] d ə nt / something existing or happening before, especially as cause... Talk about pronouns that do n't clearly match up with the local sulphur-rich water or of…! 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