"Funeral Oration Study Guide." Pericles begins by acknowledging that most speakers praise the decision, made by a past generation, to add an oration, or speech, to Athens's funeral customs. The nesting of ... One cannot read the funeral oration of Pericles without having a sense of deja vu even if one had never read or heard of the speeches before. He praises their willingness to fight, saying they were not weakened by wealth and that they did not hesitate to give up the pleasures of life. They chose to face death rather than run away and let their enemies triumph. Introduction. It would be important for Athens to maintain its population in order to remain a powerful city-state; that means Athenians must continue to have children. The author of the paper "Pericles’ Funeral Oration from Thucydides by Paul Halsall" will begin with the statement that Pericles’ Funeral Oration is the aforementioned Athenian leader’s speech during the internment of the Athenians who died for their nation during the Peloponnesian War… Athenians not only enjoy equality before the law; they are also equal when it comes to opportunity. In 431, shortly after the Peloponnesian War had broken out, Pericles delivered his famous Funeral Oration to commemorate those troops who had already fallen in … (This argument is a response to Spartan criticisms of Athens.) With this disclaimer, Pericles states that he will nevertheless follow Athenian tradition and give the customary funeral oration, doing his best to satisfy the desires and opinions of his audience. It is unlikely that these are his exact words. Course Hero, Inc. As a reminder, you may only use Course Hero content for your own personal use and may not copy, distribute, or otherwise exploit it for any other purpose. He suggests that he values deeds over words. The speech was delivered by Pericles , an eminent Athenian politician, at the end of the first year of the Peloponnesian War (431-404 BC) as a part of the annual public funeral for the war dead. He then died a year late in 429 B.C.E. Pericles continues to discuss what makes Athens a great city-state. This is what the fallen soldiers had done, earning themselves—in addition to this earthly ceremony—a kind of eternal glory that will be known far and wide. View Pericles' Funeral Oration.pdf from PHYSICS 101 at Independence High School. Pericles tells the crowd that they must not be afraid of war or compromise their Athenian values. THUCYDIDES: THE HISTORY OF THE PELOPONNESIAN WAR [BOOK II, V] SUMMARY. The History of the United States' Golden Presidential Dollars, How the COVID-19 Pandemic Has Changed Schools and Education in Lasting Ways. However, he himself feels that the heroic deeds of the dead were adequately honored by the funeral the crowd has just witnessed and that the Athenian state has paid for. David Grene, (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1989), pp.107-115. SPEECH Pericles’ Funeral Oration Thucydides translated by Rex Warren About the Author Thucydides (approx. In 431, shortly after the Peloponnesian War had broken out, Pericles delivered his famous Funeral Oration to commemorate those troops who had already fallen in battle. List And Explain Four Problem Solving Approaches In Nursing; 1984 Chapter 3 Summary Sparknotes; Contact 3; Portfolio. He further talked about how the citizens of Athens worked for the greater good not because they were forced to as slaves or poor people like in other cities, but because they wanted to out of their own desire and will. Funerals after such battles were public rituals and Pericles used the occasion to make a classic statement of the value of democracy. He praises the double advantage of the Athenian system, which is that it prevents hardships in peacetime but produces a citizenry equally as capable of facing hardship in war as the Spartans. Pericles is here referring to the discussions held at the monthly meeting of the ruling assembly, or ekklesia. ), History of the Peloponnesian War bk 2, ch 40 (Pericles’ Funeral Oration)(ca. He goes on to commend the actions of the war dead and says that the way they died shows their worth. SPEECH Pericles’ Funeral Oration Thucydides translated by Rex Warren About the Author Thucydides (approx. Again, both First and Second Images can also be seen in the speeches of Pericles’. It is like the "garland" with which Athens honors success among both the living and the dead. Again, this is in sharp contrast to Sparta, where hardship and discipline were paramount. According to Thucydides, Pericles' funeral oration said that democracy makes it so people can better themselves through merit rather than class or money. Introduction. He often gave speeches at the funerals of citizens in the city of Athens about the merits of democracy. The speech was delivered by Pericles, an eminent Athenian politician, at the end of the first year of the Peloponnesian War (431–404 BC) as a part of the annual public funeral for the war dead. Thucydides (/ θj uː ˈ s ɪ d ɪ d iː z /; Ancient Greek: Θουκυδίδης Thoukūdídēs [tʰuːkyːdídɛːs]; c. 460 – c. 400 BC) was an Athenian historian and general.His History of the Peloponnesian War recounts the fifth-century BC war between Sparta and Athens until the year 411 BC. Course Hero is not sponsored or endorsed by any college or university. Upload them to earn free Course Hero access! He argues that the Athenian army and navy can overcome their enemies. Pericles Funeral Oration Analysis 800 Words | 4 Pages. Thucydides and Pericles principles of selection to present one funeral oration, not only as an example of the patrios nomos, but also as a dramatic picture of the aspirations and glory of Athens at the beginning of the war. Pericles says that the soldiers died in a manner befitting Athenians. In other words, he doesn't think that education and refinement make them weak. 9.1", "denarius") All Search Options [view abbreviations] Home Collections/Texts Perseus Catalog Research Grants Open Source About Help. They are still at war, and he wants to establish that the stakes in the present war are high and that Athenians must rise to meet the challenge. The less literary and more historically realistic reason may have been simpler: soldiers fought because their masters required it of them. Pericles concludes his speech by encouraging his listeners to choose virtuous behavior in the days ahead. Pericles here is putting a positive spin on the reality of the Athenian empire. He thought that parents made better judges of policy because having children gave them a greater stake in the well-being of the state. The empire had grown out of the Delian League that the Athenians had brought together to fight the Persians in the Persian Wars. Now, at the burial of those who were the first to fall in the war Pericles…was chosen to make the speech. In his speech, he also tries to show that the state considers the well-being of parents and families. He is suggesting that the neighbors and rivals of Athens usually fall short of their boasts when they are tested, while his praise of Athens is accurate. The Athenians also make friends by giving favors, not by requesting favors from others. Their bravery made it possible for the current generation to enjoy a free state. c.490 BCE from Thucydides, The Peloponnesian War. Thucydides notes that the Athenian army sent out this first summer was “the greatest army that ever the Athenians had together in one place before; the city being now in her strength, and the plague not yet amongst them.” Pericles’ funeral oration If you haven’t read Pericles’ funeral oration, I highly recommend you do so. The official funeral oration for the Athenian soldiers who died at one of the opening battles of the Peloponnesian War by the leader of democratic Athens, Pericles. (As it turned out, Athens would not succeed. In the speeches leading up to the declaration of war between Athens and Sparta the Athenian representatives highlight their long and noble history which had brought them up to this moment in history. Women in Athens were expected to be dutiful wives and mothers. The Plague of Athens (429-426 BCE) struck the city, most likely, in 430 BCE before it was recognized as an epidemic and, before it was done, had claimed between 75,000-100,000 lives.Modern-day scholars believe it was most likely an outbreak of smallpox or typhus, but bubonic plague is still considered a possibility. Women should try not to show undue weakness and should not give society a reason to talk about them. For a historian to be objective Thucydides’ change in attitude regarding the war is subtly woven into his narrative. Od. It continued to develop with the institution of a democratic system of government through the efforts of the Athenian statesman Cleisthenes (c. 570–c. Homer (c. 9th or 8th century BCE) was a celebrated Greek poet. A dramatic reading of Pericles Funeral Oration as it appears in Thucydides 'History of the Peloponnesian War'. Pericles' Funeral Oration by Philipp Foltz (1852) When the bodies had been buried, it was customary for some wise and prudent notable and chief person of the city, preeminent in honor and dignity, before all the people to make a prayer in praise of the dead, and after doing this, each one returned to his House. Summary. History of the Peloponnesian War essays are academic essays for citation. This system is a major point of pride for Pericles, and it is to protect this set of democratic virtues that he wishes his fellow Athenians to fight. Pericles' Funeral Oration by Philipp Foltz (1852) When the bodies had been buried, it was customary for some wise and prudent notable and chief person of the city, preeminent in honor and dignity, before all the people to make a prayer in praise of the dead, and after doing this, each one returned to his House. Its reputation hardship and discipline were paramount however, Pericles clearly reveals the patriarchal of... 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