Planting densities should be similar or slightly higher (100 000 to 175 000 plants/ha) than for sorghum. Beauv.) [15], Chinese myths attribute the domestication of millet to Shennong, a legendary Emperor of China, and Hou Ji, whose name means Lord Millet. Seeds of pearl millet are very small, shallow planting is recommended to obtain good seed-to … In western India, sorghum (called jowar, jola, jonnalu, jwaarie, or jondhahlaa in Gujarati, Kannada, Telugu, Hindi and Marathi languages, respectively; mutthaari, kora, or panjappullu in Malayalam; or cholam in Tamil) has been commonly used with millet flour (called jowari in western India) for hundreds of years to make the local staple, hand-rolled (that is, made without a rolling pin) flat bread (rotla in Gujarati, bhakri in Marathi, or roti in other languages). Pearl millet develops extremely deep roots that can reach into soil layers untapped by previous plants. Finger millet (Eleusine coracana) is an important food grain in southern Asia and parts of Africa. Pennisetum glaucum, or ornamental millet grass, is a prime example of a show-stopping garden grass. Evidence for the cultivation of pearl millet in Mali dates back to 2500 BCE,[21] and pearl millet is found in the Indian subcontinent by 2300 BCE. Their essential similarities are that they are small-seeded grasses grown in difficult production environments such as those at risk of drought. Stems: Stems erect, 150-300 cm long, 10-20 mm diameter. In comparison, Kit Carson County alone devotes 300,000 acres to wheat. 'Okashana 1' became the most popular variety in Namibia, the only non-Sahelian country where pearl millet—locally known as mahangu—is the dominant food staple for consumers. Annual Summer grass. It is adapted anywhere millet is grown. Proso millet (Panicum miliaceum) and foxtail millet (Setaria italica) were important crops beginning in the Early Neolithic of China. Millets are important crops in the semiarid tropics of Asia and Africa (especially in India, Mali, Nigeria, and Niger), with 97% of millet production in developing countries. Millet seeds are relatively large and easy to handle. It is not very drought tolerant and will quickly run to seed under moisture stress or cold temperatures. Millet, Foxtail Setaria italica. It is a common ingredient in seeded bread. 57 It may also be used to thicken up areas of maize, to create 'flushing points'. [20], Pearl millet was domesticated in the Sahel region of West Africa, where its wild ancestors are found. Grasses grown in the garden provide interesting contrast and often ease of care for the home gardener. Millet is a tall, prairie grass that will reach about 60 to 80 centimetres. [23], The cultivation of common millet as the earliest dry crop in East Asia has been attributed to its resistance to drought,[10] and this has been suggested to have aided its spread. Forage use: Foxtail millet has been used as a hay forage crop for decades in … Dawn is a short millet with a tight panicle. Millet is one of the easiest ornamentals to sow directly since it thrives in dry and sandy soils. Plant seeds at a depth of 2.5cm to 4cm when soil is moist and 5cm when soil is dry. Can be drilled into moist soil. Millet is also the main ingredient in a Vietnamese sweet snack called bánh đa kê. [31], In India, various alcoholic beverages are produced from millets. Rebound Millet is a very fast growing, high yielding leafy plant for either grazing or hay. In developing countries outside Africa, millet has local significance as a food in parts of some countries, such as China, India, Burma and North Korea.[3]. A C4 plant uses a different enzyme in photosynthesis from C3 plants, and this is why it improves water efficiency. Relatively easy to establish on black cracking-clay soils. The most commonly cultivated millets are in bold and marked with an asterisk (*).[4]. Millet, any of several species of cereal grasses in the family Poaceae, cultivated for their small edible seeds. It is a specialty of Hanoi. Millet, not rice, is the basic carbohydrate food in China, especially northern China. Improved breeds of millet improve their disease resistance and can significantly enhance farm yield productivity. 4. The inflorescences may be spikes or racemes, in which the flowers are borne on stalks of about equal length along an elongated axis, or panicles with dense clusters of small florets. Millet grains are high in carbohydrates, with protein content varying from 6 to 11 percent and fat varying from 1.5 to 5 percent. Lambs do better on millet compared to sorghum. 'Okashana 1' was then introduced to Chad. Primary existing uses for harvested foxtail millet seed to people wanting the seed to plant as a forage crop. Millet is a safe forage as it … If you label them at the time of planting, you and your kids will learn where bird seed comes from. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Jester millet seeds grow much smaller than Purple Majesty, but still boast the same rich burgundies. Foxtail millet is grown in cooler, drought regions than other millets. [24] The millets are a group of small-seeded species of cereal crops or grains, widely grown around the world for food and fodder. Millets also formed important parts of the prehistoric diet in Indian, Chinese Neolithic and Korean Mumun societies. From there it was taken to Namibia, where it was released in 1990 and enthusiastically adopted by farmers. Instead of letting the plant reach maturity, it can be grazed by stock and is commonly used for sheep and cattle. With the exception of pearl millet, seeds remain enclosed in hulls after threshing. This has, in part, made millet production popular, particularly in countries surrounding the Sahara in western Africa. In Germany, it is also eaten sweet, boiled in water with apples added during the boiling process and honey added during the cooling process. Foxtail Millet is thought to be native to southern Asia and is considered one of the oldest cultivated millets. The following table shows the nutrient content of millet compared to major staple foods in a raw form. 2. [32] Millet is also the base ingredient for the distilled liquor rakshi.[32]. Suitable for silage or hay. [25] Hesiod describes that "the beards grow round the millet, which men sow in summer. Plant: A robust, multi-stemmed annual grass. Not frost tolerant, but stands well. The Japanese millets (Echinochloa esculenta) are considered the best for grazing and in particular Shirohie, a new variety of Japanese millet, is the best suited variety for grazing. "[5], Generally, millets are small-grained, annual, warm-weather cereals belonging to the grass family. Some of the earliest evidence of millet cultivation in China was found at Cishan (north), where proso millet husk phytoliths and biomolecular components have been identified around 10,300–8,700 years ago in storage pits along with remains of pit-houses, pottery, and stone tools related to millet cultivation. Salt tolerant. They do not form a taxonomic group, but rather a functional or agronomic one. Does not contain prussic acid (HCN). The genus is…, oats, and millet. Japanese Millet is a warm season grass that produces an abundance of grain in as little as 50 – 60 days. Updates? Leaves: Ligule is a fringe of hairs. 5.0 out of 5 stars 10. They are somewhat strong in taste and are mainly consumed in flatbreads and porridges or prepared and eaten much like rice. Millets are indigenous to many parts of the world. However, the domesticated varieties have often spread well beyond their initial area. 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